Archive | 2013

MF0012 – TAXATION MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2013
PROGRAM MBADS – (SEM 3/SEM 5) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 3) /

PGDFMN – (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME MF0012 – TAXATION MANAGEMENT
SEMESTER 3
BK ID B1760
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

Q.1 Explain the concept of tax planning and the factors to be considered in tax planning. Give the difference between tax planning and tax evasion.

 

Ans : Concept of tax planning :

 

Logical analysis of a financial situation or plan from a tax perspective, to align financial goals with tax efficiency planning. The purpose of tax planning is to discover how to accomplish all of the other elements of a financial plan in the most tax-efficient manner possible. Tax planning thus allows the other elements of a financial plan to interact more effectively by minimizing tax liability. Tax planning encompasses many different aspects, including the timing of both income and purchases and other expenditures, selection of investments and

 

 

Q.2 Explain the process of tax payment.

 

Ans : Explanation of whole process of tax payment through Individuals :

 

Tax constitutes a major form of revenue for most of the Governments across the world. Taxes are levied and spent by the government for the development of the country like infrastructure, healthcare, defence etc. Taxes can be categorized into two broad categories namely direct tax and indirect tax. A tax paid directly by the person on whom it is levied is known as direct tax. Taxes where the person paying and the person whom it is levied upon are two different people are an indirect tax

 

Partnerships :

 

Partnership firm is subjected to taxation under

 

 

 

Q. 3 Write short notes on:

Capital gain

Cost of acquisition

Cost of improvement

Expenditure on transfer

Transfer

 

Ans : Capital gain:

 

A capital gain is a profit that results from a disposition of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the amount realized on the disposition exceeds the purchase price. The gain is the difference between a higher selling price and a lower purchase price. Conversely, a capital loss arises if the proceeds from the sale of a capital asset are less than the purchase price.

Capital gains may refer to “investment income” that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.

 

Cost of acquisition:

 

 

 

Q.4 Explain the computations of Tax in two aspects given below:

Tax provision for Computation of Total income of firms

Computation of partnership firms’ book profit.

 

Ans : Steps to be explained for the computation of total income of firms :

 

The steps in which the Total Income, for any assessment year, is determined are as follows:

 

1. Determine the residential status of the assesses to find out which income is to be included in the computation of his Total Income.

2. Classify the income under each of the following five heads. Compute the income under each head after allowing the deductions prescribed for each head of income.

 

(a) Income from Salaries

 

Salary/Bonus/Commission, etc.

Taxable Allowance

Value of Taxable perquisites

 

 

 

 

Q.5 Explain the service tax law in India. Give the concept of negative list.

 

Ans : Service tax laws in India :

 

Generally, the liability to pay service tax has been placed on the ‘service provider’. However, in respect of the taxable services notified under Sec.68(2) of the Finance Act,1994, the service tax shall be paid by such person and in such manner as may be prescribed at the rate specified in Sec.66 of the Act and all the provisions of Chapter-V shall apply to such person as if he is the person liable for paying the service tax.

The following services have been notified under Sec.68(2) of Finance Act,1994:

the services,-

(i)  in relation to telecommunication service;

 

(ii)  in relation to general insurance business;

 

 

 

 

Q.6 Identify and explain the major considerations in capital structure planning. Explain two approaches in dividend policy and factors affecting dividend decisions.

 

Ans : Major considerations in capital structure planning :

 

There are three major considerations in capital structure planning, i.e. risk, cost of capital and control, which help the finance manager in determining the proportion in which he can raise funds from various sources.

 

A. Risk:

 

Risk is of two kinds, i.e. financial risk and business risk. Here we are concerned primarily with the financial risk. Financial risk is also of two types:

 

1. Risk of Cash Insolvency:

 

As a firm raises more debt, its risk of cash insolvency

 

 

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MF0011 – MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2013
PROGRAM MBADS – (SEM 3/SEM 5) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 3) /

PGDFMN – (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME MF0011 – MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
SEMESTER 3
BK ID B1732
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Q.1 Give the meaning of advantages and disadvantages of mergers and acquisitions. Explain the types of Mergers and Acquisitions.

 

Ans : Advantages of merger and acquisition :

 

1. A merger does not require cash.

2. A merger may be accomplished tax-free for both parties.

3. A merger lets the target (in effect, the seller) realize the appreciation potential of the merged entity, instead of being limited to sales proceeds.

4. A merger allows the shareholders of smaller entities to own a smaller piece of a larger pie, increasing their overall net worth.

5. A merger of a privately held company into a publicly held company allows the target company shareholders to receive a public company’s stock,

 

 

 

Q.2 Write a note on the five-stage model of mergers and acquisitions.

 

Ans : The five stages of merger and acquisition process under 5-S model can be divided as below:

 

Stage 1: Corporate strategy development:

 

Corporate strategy is concerned with the ways of optimizing the portfolios of businesses that a firm currently owns and with how this portfolio can be changed to serve the interests of the corporation’s stake holders. Merger and acquisition can serve the objectives of both corporate and business strategies despite their being the only one of several instruments. Effectiveness of merger and acquisition in achieving these objectives depends on the conceptual and empirical validity of the models upon which the corporate strategy is based. Given an appropriate corporate strategy model, mergers and acquisition is likely to fail to deliver sustainable competitive advantage.

 

Stage 2: Organizing for acquisitions:

 

One of the major reasons for the observed failure of many acquisitions may be that firms lack the organizational resources and capabilities for making

 

 

 

Q.3 What do you understand by creating synergy? Give the prerequisites for the creation of synergy. Describe the important forces contributing to mergers and acquisitions. 5 5

 

Ans : Creating synergy :

 

Synergy is a buzzword that managers and HR pros like to bandy around; sometimes they get it and sometimes they really don’t have a clue. In short, synergy happens in the workplace when two or more people working together produce a better outcome than if they did it alone. It is not a touchy-feely concept, but instead is a practical approach to getting results – and it’s not all that difficult to create. Mergers and acquisitions are made with the goal of improving the company’s financial performance for the shareholders. Two businesses can merge to form one company that is capable of producing more revenue than either could have been able to independently.

 

Prerequisites for the creation of synergy :

 

 

 

Q.4 Demerger results in the transfer by a company of one or more of its undertakings to another company. Give the meaning of demerger. What are the characteristics of demerger? Explain the structure of demerger with an example.

 

Ans : Introduction of demerger :

 

A demerger is a form of corporate restructuring in which the entity’s business operations are segregated into one or more components. It is the converse of a merger or acquisition.

A demerger can take place through a spin-off by distributed or transferring the shares in a subsidiary holding the business to company shareholders carrying out the demerger. The demerger can also occur by transferring the relevant business to a new company or business to which then that company’s shareholders are issued shares of. Demergers can be undertaken for various business and non-business reasons, such as government

 

 

 

 

Q.5 Explain Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOP). Write down the rules of ESOP and types of ESOP.

 

Ans : Introduction of ESOP :

 

An employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) is an employee-owner scheme that provides a company’s workforce with an ownership interest in the company. In an ESOP, companies provide their employees with stock ownership, often at no up-front cost to the employees. ESOP shares, however, are part of employees’ compensation for work performed. Shares are allocated to employees and may be held in an ESOP trust until the employee retires or leaves the company. The shares are then sold.

 

Key rules of ESOP :

 

1. An ESOP is a kind of employee benefit plan, similar in some ways to a profit-sharing plan. In an ESOP, a company sets up a trust fund, into which it

 

Q.6 Explain the factors in Post-merger Integration. Write down the five rules of Integration Process.

 

Ans : Factors in Post-merger Integration :

 

There are many factors which require attention of the management and tend to widen its role in post-merger integration. A list of such factors is give below in brief:

 

1. Legal obligation:

 

Fulfilment of legal obligation becomes essential in post-merger integration. Such obligations depend upon the size of the company, debt structure and controlling regulations, distribution channels, and dealer net-work, suppliers’ relations etc. In all or some of these cases legal documentation would be involved.

 

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MF0010 & SECURITY ANALYSIS AND PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2013
PROGRAM MBADS – (SEM 3/SEM 5) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 3) /

PGDFMN – (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME MF0010 & SECURITY ANALYSIS AND PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT
SEMESTER 3
BK ID B 1754
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Q.1 Financial markets bring the providers and users in direct contact without any intermediary. Financial markets permits the businesses and governments to raise the funds needed by sale of securities. Describe the money market/capital market – features and its composition.

 

Ans : Money market- features and composition :

 

According to Investopedia, the money market is a subsection of the fixed income market. Fixed income often is considered the same thing as bonds or investments that have a specific set return rather than a variable one. A money market is an efficient investment arena for businesses, governments and other large institutions, but it also provides extra safety and liquidity for individual investors. A money market is the best place for the cash component of your portfolio because it offers interest income while maintaining easy access to cash.

 

1.Securities:

 

 

 

Q.2 Risk is the likelihood that your investment will either earn money or lose money. Explain the factors that affect risk. Mr. Rahul invests in equity shares of Wipro. Its anticipated returns and associated probabilities are given below:

 

 
Return  -15          -10          5              10           15           20           30
Probability         0.05        0.10        0.15        0.25        0.30        0.10        0.05

 

You are required to calculate the expected ROR and risk in terms of standard deviation.

 

Ans : Factors that affect risk :

 

1. The actual investment you’re considering:

 

Different investments carry different levels of risk. All investments involve a degree of risk and returns can never be guaranteed so it is important to choose investments that suit your circumstances. Below is a table that illustrates a range of investment types and their associated risks

 

2. Your risk capital:

 

Risk capital is money available to invest or

 

 

 

 

Q.3 Explain the business cycle and leading coincidental & lagging indicators. Analyse the issues in fundamental analysis.

 

Ans : Explanation of business cycle:

 

The term business cycle (or economic cycle or boom-bust cycle) refers to economy-wide fluctuations in production, trade and economic activity in general over several months or years in an economy organized on free-enterprise principles. The business cycle is the upward and downward movements of levels of GDP (gross domestic product) and refers to the period of expansions and contractions in the level of economic activities (business fluctuations) around its long-term growth trend.

These fluctuations occur around a long-term growth trend, and typically involve shifts over time between periods of relatively rapid economic growth (an expansion or boom), and periods of relative stagnation or decline (a contraction or recession). Business cycles are usually measured by considering the growth rate of real gross domestic product. Despite being termed cycles, these fluctuations in economic activity can prove unpredictable.

 

leading coincidental and lagging indicators :

 

Q.4 Discuss the implications of EMH for security analysis and portfolio management.

 

Ans : The Efficient market Hypothesis (EMH) term appeared in the 1960’s thanks to Eugene Fama (Beechey et al., 2000) He defined an efficient market as one that can quickly adjust to the new information. Twenty years later Fama had modified his definition by saying that the market is efficient if it incorporates all the information that is available, it means that efficient markets are acting rationally – relevant information is incorporated and there are no systematic errors made by investors. In 1968 Jensen noticed that the information access cost should be considered. He proposed a definition of a weak market efficiency according to which market reflects every information that influences it and which cost of access is lower that its maximum usefulness.

 

EMH and Technical Analysis:

 

 

 

Q.5 Explain about the interest rate risk and the two components in it.

An investor is considering the purchase of a share of XYZ Ltd. If his required rate of return is 10%, the year-end expected dividend is Rs. 5 and year-end price is expected to be Rs. 24, Compute the value of the share.

 

Ans : Introduction of interest rate risk :

 

Interest rate risk is the risk that arises for bond owners from fluctuating interest rates. How much interest rate risk a bond has depends on how sensitive its price is to interest rate changes in the market. The sensitivity depends on two things, the bond’s time to maturity, and the coupon rate of the bond. There are a number of standard calculations for measuring the impact of changing interest rates on a portfolio consisting of various assets and liabilities. The assessment of interest rate risk is a very large topic at banks, thrifts, saving and loans, credit unions, and other finance companies, and among their regulators. The widely deployed CAMELS rating system assesses a financial institution’s: (C)apital adequacy, (A)ssets, (M)anagement Capability, (E)arnings, (L)iquidity, and (S)ensitivity to market risk

 

 

 

 

Q.6 Elucidate the risk and returns of foreign investing. Analyse international listing.

 

Ans : Explanation of all the points in risks and returns  from foreign investing :

 

Investing internationally has often been the advice given to investors looking to increase the diversification and total return of their portfolio. The diversification benefits are achieved through the addition of low correlation assets of international markets that serve to reduce the overall risk of the portfolio. However, although the benefits of investing internationally are widely accepted theories, many investors are still hesitant to invest abroad. In this article, we’ll discuss the reasons why this may be the case and help highlight key concerns for investors so they can make a more informed decision.

 

Transaction Costs:

 

 

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MF0013 – INTERNAL AUDIT & CONTROL

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2013
PROGRAM MBADS – (SEM 3/SEM 5) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 3) /

PGDFMN – (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME MF0013 – INTERNAL AUDIT & CONTROL
SEMESTER 3
BK ID B1733
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

Q.1 Define and explain the term auditing. “Personal qualities of an auditor are important for the successful conduct of audit”. Comment

 

Ans : Definition of auditing :

 

The term audit is derived from the Latin term ‘audire,’ which means to hear. In early days an auditor used to listen to the accounts read over by an accountant in order to check them . Auditing is as old as accounting. It was in use in all ancient countries such as Mesopotamia, Greece, Egypt. Rome, U.K. and India. The Vedas contain reference to accounts and auditing. Arthasashthra by Kautilya detailed rules for accounting and auditing of public finances

 

 

Explanation of auditing :

 

Auditing is such an examination of books of accounts and

 

 

 

 

Q.2 Write the key objectives of a good internal audit system. Narrate the points of dissimilarities between external audit and internal audit.

 

Ans : Key objectives of a good internal audit system :

 

 

1. To determine whether controls over financial and operating data provide managers with reasonable assurance that the financial and operating data is accurate and reliable (i.e., that information gathering and reporting has been properly planned, organized and directed).

 

2. To determine whether controls over compliance with policies, procedures, plans, laws and regulations provide managers with reasonable assurance that proper compliance actually occurs (i.e., that compliance activities have been properly planned, organized and directed).

 

3. To determine whether controls over assets provide managers with reasonable assurance that assets exist and are protected against loss

 

 

 

 

Q.3 Give the role of internal auditor in the Company’s Management. List down the duties of auditor Under Section 581ZG.

 

Ans : Role of internal auditor in the company’s management :

 

The main role and responsibilities of the auditor should be set out in written terms of reference and should include:

• to monitor the integrity of the financial statements of the company, and any formal announcements relating to the company’s financial performance, reviewing significant financial reporting judgements contained in them;

• to review the company’s internal financial controls and, unless expressly addressed by a separate board risk committee composed of independent

 

 

 

Q.4 The effectiveness of the internal control system can be ensured if the important aspects of the company’s operations are kept in mind. Explain the characteristics of an effective internal control system. Write the elements of internal control.

 

Ans : Characteristics of an effective internal control system :

 

1. Control Environment:

 

The control environment is the company’s attitude toward internal controls. Known as “tone-at-the-top,” the control environment is a necessary condition for effective internal control, because even the best-designed systems can be thwarted if management overrides the controls that are in place. Indicators of an effective control environment include having a whistleblower hotline or discipline policies that take violations of internal control seriously. Management override of controls or shortcuts are signs that the control environment may be deficient.

 

2. Risk Assessment:

 

 

 

 

 

Q.5 Describe general EDP controls. Explain the appraisal of accounting system and related internal control.

 

Ans : General EDP controls :

 

These controls apply to a wide range of expressions that systematically threaten the integrity of all applications processed within the Computer Based Information System (CBIS). Following are the sub divisions of general controls:

 

Operating system controls

 

1. Operating System allows users to share and access common computer resources. It’s the

computer’s control program.

2. If OS‟s integrity is compromised, controls within individual accounting applications may

be neutralized.

3. Since the OS is common to all users, the larger the computer facility, the greater the scale of potential damage.

 

 

 

Q.6 Explain the internal control systems in insurance companies. Write down about the reporting internal control weaknesses.

 

Ans : Internal control systems in insurance companies :

 

The following principles will be applicable to insurance undertakings’ Internal Control:

 

1. Control culture :

 

The board of directors is responsible for promoting a high level of integrity and for establishing a culture within the company that emphasises and demonstrates to all levels of personnel the importance of internal control. Management is responsible for the implementation of the internal control Culture and principles. All personnel need to understand their role in the internal control process and be fully engaged in the process.

 2. Risk assessment :

 

 

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SC0009–Supply Chain Cost Management

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Fall 2013

Master of Business Administration- MBA Semester 3

‘’ Supply Chain” Specialization

SC0009–Supply Chain Cost Management- 4 Credits

(Book ID: B1664)

Assignment (60 Marks)

Note: Answer all questions (with 300 to 400 words each) must be written within 6-8 pages. Each Question carries 10 marks 6 X 10=60

Q1. Elucidate the measures that organizations can take to align their supply chain with that of their customers.

Answer. In today’s economic environment, doing what you’ve always done—even if you do it very well—is no longer acceptable. Under pressure to contain costs and produce results despite challenging circumstances, you (and many other supply chain managers) must transform rather than simply improve your operation. That means adopting the philosophies, methods, and processes that will make your organization “best in class.” Effective supply chain strategies are essential to the performance of most businesses. Surprisingly, many businesses, even at the top end of town, have supply chain strategies that are misaligned to the business goals or have

 

 

Q2. Briefly discuss the eight steps of the AIM & DRIVE Process for cost management.

Answer. The word “strategy” has been defined in the Random House Dictionary to mean, “a series of strategisms”. It is a series of ideas, actions and methodologies that direct a team, organization, company or supply chain toward a common, predetermined goal. A strategy is like a river. It originates with a concept or idea (like a spring). It follows one clear direction (a river can only flow downhill toward another larger body of water). Along the way, other ideas and players with a common focus join the team and move in the same direction (a river is joined by tributaries and other rivulets that move in the same direction as the main river). When a problem is encountered, the strategy team falls back on its pre agreed plan of action to tackle the problem, using

 

Q3. What are the different approaches developed to assess the sustainability performance of the supply chain?

Answer. Supply chain sustainability is a business issue affecting an organization’s supply chain in terms of environmental costs, risk and social impact costs. Sustainable inputs generate sustainable products, a prerequisite for sustainable – and thus survivable – organizations. Sustainability measurement is a term that denotes the measurements used as the quantitative basis for the informed management of sustainability. The metrics used for the measurement of sustainability (involving the sustainability of environmental, social and economic domains, both

 

 

 

Q4. Explain how organizations can apply web 2.0 technology to communicate new ideas.

Answer. Web applications have undergone significant change over the last decade; ten years ago, there were no Web-sharing sites or applications, merely sites composed of static pages or ecommerce applications. Companies that had customer-facing Web sites were able to connect with Internet-savvy consumers and use their Web sites as channels to market and sell their products; corporate intranets were used mainly as places to post news and company policies. More recently, Web sites have become destinations for communities of users to create and share rich and

 

Q5. Explain the three ways that help customers to extract vital cost information about a particular service or product.

Answer. Information extraction (IE) is the task of automatically extracting structured information from unstructured and/or semi-structured machine-readable documents. In most of the cases this activity concerns processing human language texts by means of natural language processing (NLP). Recent activities in multimedia document processing like automatic annotation and content extraction out of images/audio/video could be seen as information extraction.

Costs Associated With Manufactured Products

 

Q6. How do you develop strategic options for selected cost drivers?

Answer. “How are you going to win in the period ahead?” That’s the key question behind developing strategy. To be successful means knowing how to use your talent and resources to best advantage, and it’s very difficult to “win” if you don’t have this game plan in place. These methods constitute examples of either internal or external development and are organized into a model termed the ‘expansion methods matrix’.

Approaches to Strategy

 

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SC0008 –Purchasing and Contracting for Projects

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Fall 2013

Master of Business Administration- MBA Semester 4

“Supply Chain Management” Specialization

SC0008 –Purchasing and Contracting for Projects- 4 Credits

(Book ID: B1663)

Assignment (60 Marks)

Note: Answer all questions (with 300 to 400 words each) must be written within 6-8 pages. Each Question carries 10 marks 6 X 10=60

Q1. What are the factors influencing contracting strategies.

Answer. Contracts are the fundament of the project management. They are used to procure people, materials and services. Main components in the contractor selection process will be outlined in this chapter. This processes are influenced by many factors such as the nature of the parties included, project type, and the risk allocation between the parties. The project is always about achieving a result. The main problem of this that client usually cannot or doesn’t wish to provide all necessary resources to complete the project from the internal sources. Therefore there is a need of obtaining resources from external organizations in order to achieve planned results. The method chosen by the client plays the crucial point. Proper understanding of contract

 

 

 

Q2. Differentiate between fixed price and reimbursable.

Answer. Fixed price and cost reimbursement are two approaches to creating contracts for service work. With the fixed price method, the contract and hiring party agree to a fixed price at the start of the project that doesn’t change. With cost reimbursement, the contract allows for recovery of costs for materials and supplies that were purchased for the project, as outlined in the terms of the agreement.

1. Cost-reimbursement agreements/contract is typically a more detailed arrangement that sets up acceptable materials costs the provider can seek reimbursement for as part of a project. Types of contracts vary, but include simple cost contracts with no service fee, cost-plus-incentive contracts, and the common cost-plus-fixed-fee contract. They generally have one or more of the following characteristics:

(1) Risk is shared between IHS and the Self-Governance Tribe

 

 

Q3. “Appropriate usage of words is very essential in communicating our requirements to the supplier or the contractor”. Justify.

Answer. With the competition for work becoming more and more noticeable we take a closer look at what to expect from a contractor or supplier that you will use. Your clients will expect good value for money and at the same time high levels of communication , workmanship and management.

1. Need for Quality Goods

This need is for quality supplies is obvious. If you get shoddy goods, items out of spec, unreliable parts, and/or late delivery, it is very difficult for you to

 

 

Q4. What can a project manager do to control money flow?

Answer. Managing projects is difficult under the best circumstances. The project manager must balance competing stakeholder interests against the constraints of limited resources and time, ever-changing technologies, and unachievable demands from unreasonable people. Project management is people management, technology management, business management, risk management, and expectation management.

1. Define project success criteria

Define some clear and measurable business goals. Some examples are:

  • Increasing market share by a certain amount by a

 

 

Q5. Explain any five steps required to evaluate tenders.

Answer. The purpose of an evaluation process in sourcing is to identify which bid offers the best value for money i.e. the most economically advantageous tender or proposal. The criteria that are specified in the invitation to tender document are the basis for the buying decision.

1. Preparation before issuing the tender

The tender evaluation criteria need to be defined prior to sending out the bid document or the Request for Proposal (RFP). The thought process is important at this stage as the criteria to be used for assessing the tender needs to be communicated to the bidders. Tender Evaluation criteria should reflect the risk and the value of the contract. In the Government sector it is normal practice to provide both the criteria and the weightings, i.e. the exact basis on which their offer will be judged. In the private sector, most organizations provide the general criteria but often do not disclose the weightings. Cost is usually one of the main criteria.

2. Cost vs price

 

Q6. Describe any two enquiry methods.

Answer. Inquiry is an approach to teaching that involves a process of exploring the natural world, that leads to asking questions and making discoveries in the search of new understandings. Inquiry is a method of approaching problems that is used by professional scientists but is helpful to anyone who scientifically addresses matters encountered in everyday life. Inquiry is based on the formation of hypotheses and theories and on the collection of relevant evidence. There is no set order to the steps involved in inquiry.

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SC0007 – Category Management in Purchasing

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Fall 2013

Master of Business Administration- MBA Semester 4

“Supply Chain Management” Specialization

SC0007 – Category Management in Purchasing- 4 Credits

(Book ID: B1662)

Assignment (60 Marks)

Note: Answer all questions (with 300 to 400 words each) must be written within 6-8 pages. Each Question carries 10 marks 6 X 10=60

Q1. Write a note on product category lifecycle.

Answer. Product life cycle is a business analysis that attempts to identify a set of common stages in the life of commercial products, for example, introduction, promotion, growth, maturity and decline. The Product Life Cycle (PLC) is used to map the lifespan of a product. There are generally four stages in the life of a product. These four stages are the Introduction stage, the Growth stage, the Maturity stage and the Decline stage. The following graph illustrates the four

 

 

Q2. Describe the steps implemented in communication planning.

Answer. A strategic communications plan is a written document that lists your organization’s specific goals and objectives. It requires a concerted effort among your staff, board members, and others to think strategically about where you want your organization to go and the communications activities (public service announcements, press releases, press

 

Q3. Write a note on contingency planning.

Answer. A contingency plan is a plan devised for an outcome other than in the usual (expected) plan.It is often used for risk management when an exceptional risk that, though unlikely, would have catastrophic consequences. Contingency plans are often devised by governments or businesses. For example, suppose many employees of a company are traveling together on an aircraft which crashes, killing all aboard. The company could be severely strained

 

Q4. Discuss e-auctions in detail.

Answer. E-Auctions are negotiations conducted via an online platform. Suppliers get the possibility of improving their proposals based on market feedback (e.g. rank in negotiation) and are considered to be the most transparent way of conducting negotiations.

E-Auctions include both price and non-price (service level, quality, etc.) parameters to ensure the result of the auction reflect the overall best total value for APMM.

Benefits of participating in an e-Auction

 

Q5. Explain the creation of programme plan.

Answer. The first step in any systematic attempt to promote rural development is to prepare useful programmes based on people’s need. The development of such programmes, which harmonize with the local needs as the people see them & with the national interests with which the country as a whole is concerned, is an important responsibility of extension personnel at all levels-national, state, district, block & village.

Programme planning is the process of making decisions about the direction & intensity of extension-education efforts of extension-service to bring about social,

 

 

Q6. Explain how price cost analysis is performed in category management.

Answer. Category management is a retailing and purchasing concept in which the range of products purchased by a business organization or sold by a retailer is broken down into discrete groups of similar or related products; these groups are known as product categories (examples of grocery categories might be: tinned fish, washing detergent, toothpastes). It is a systematic, disciplined approach to managing a product category as a strategic business unit.

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SC0006 – Global Logistics and Supply Chain Management

 

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Fall 2013

Master of Business Administration- MBA Semester 4

“Supply Chain Management” Specialization

SC0006 – Global Logistics and Supply Chain Management- 4 Credits

(Book ID: B1661)

Assignment (60 Marks)

Note: Answer all questions (with 300 to 400 words each) must be written within 6-8 pages. Each Question carries 10 marks 6 X 10=60

Q1. Write a note on any three trade blocks.

Answer. In general terms, regional trade blocks are associations of nations at a governmental level to promote trade within the block and defend its members against global competition.  Defense against global competition is obtained through established tariffs on goods produced by member states, import quotas, government subsidies, onerous bureaucratic import processes, and technical and other non-tariff barriers. Since trade is not an isolated activity, member states within regional blocks also cooperate in economic, political, security, climatic, and other issues affecting the region. In terms of their size and trade value, there are four major trade blocks and a

 

 

 

Q2. Explain the three basic types of cargo.

Answer. Cargo (or freight) is goods or produce transported, generally for commercial gain, by ship or aircraft, although the term is now extended to intermodal train, van or truck. In modern times, containers are used in most long-haul cargo transport using marine, road, air and other means.

The types of cargo can be classified into 3 groups:

1. General Cargo

 

Q3. Describe intermodal movements in detail.

Answer. Intermodalism generally has been defined in somewhat narrower terms by different segments of the freight transportation industry. For example, for the international seaborne shipping industry, intermodalism implies cargo transport in standard shipping containers. However, for the domestic surface-borne trade, intermodalism would pertain to the transport of highway trailers on railroad flat cars. These differences in characterization of intermodal

 

Q4. Write a note on ocean liner conferences.

Answer. Ocean Liner Conferences

A good place to start this review is to explore the institution of liner conferences. Liner conferences are organizations of vessel operators who serve similar markets. They form cartels to both regulate (some say, eliminate) competition among themselves and protect “their” market from outsiders. Today conferences in the American trades exist to facilitate cooperative relationships between carriers with the intent of reducing wasteful practices. Participation in

 

 

Q5. Explain the different methods/terms of payments.

Answer. A payment is the transfer of money from one party (such as a person or company) to another. A payment is usually made in exchange for the provision of goods, services or both, or to fulfill a legal obligation. The simplest and oldest form of payment is barter, the exchange of one good or service for another. In the modern world, common means of payment by an individual include money, cheque, debit, credit, or bank transfer, and in trade such payments are

 

 

 

Q6. Briefly explain the important functions involved in an international distribution channel.

Answer. Distribution channels move products and services from businesses to consumers and to other businesses. Also known as marketing channels, channels of distribution consist of a set of interdependent organizations—such as wholesalers, retailers, and sales agents—involved in making a product or service available for use or consumption. Distribution channels are just one component of the overall concept of distribution networks, which are the real, tangible systems of interconnected sources and destinations through which products pass on their way to final consumers. The path through which goods and services travel from the vendor

 

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PM0018 –Contracts Management in Projects

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL DRIVE 2013
PROGRAM/SEMESTER MBADS – (SEM 4/SEM 6) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 4) / PGDISMN (SEM 2)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME PM0018 –Contracts Management in Projects
BOOK ID B1347
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks quest

 

Q1. Enumerate the characteristics and legal issues of LSTK EPC Turnkey contracts 10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : Lump-sum turnkey (LSTK) EPC contracting is now popular world-wide as a project delivery system for large process and power facilities. Examples are steel mills, LNG facilities, petroleum and petrochemical facilities, power plants. It is also being adopted for large infrastructure developments such as airports, water treatment facilities and telecommunication systems. While the term LSTK implies affixed price for the whole contract, one must understand that several variations of thee mode of contracting are in vogue. The contract price issue can however vary from ‘fixed price’ to a ‘hybrid price’.

 

 

 

Q2. Explain the steps that you should follow while evaluating the bids document.10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : After you close your competitive bidding process, you can evaluate the bids received and choose the bid that is the most cost-effective. You may consider as many factors in your evaluation as you want, but the price of the E-rate eligible products and services must be included as a factor and must be weighted more heavily than any other

 

 

Q3. Explain the Plan Procurement process with its inputs and the tools and techniques used. 10marks(300-400) words

 

Answer : Plan Procurement

This is the process of identifying which project needs are best met by procuring services from the private sector. It is undertaken during the scope definition phase and involves consideration of whether or not to procure, how to procure, what to procure, how much to procure, and when to procure.

 

This process involves the preparation of the documents needed to support Invitations. PWGSC, as the primary owner of federal real properties, undertakes substantial amounts of procurement of real property services. As a result, it has developed

 

 

Q4. Write a note on Request for Quote (RFQ).10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : When the government is merely checking into the possibility of acquiring a product or service, it may issue a Request for Quotation (RFQ).

 

An RFQ may also be used when the government does not intend to award a contract on the basis of the solicitation but wishes to obtain price, delivery, or other information for planning purposes.

 

Requests for Quotations (RFQs) may be used in negotiated procurements to communicate government requirements to prospective contractors. A quotation received in response to an RFQ is not an offer, and consequently, cannot be accepted

 

 

 

Q5. Explain the guidelines for conducting a competitive negotiation 10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : Competitive negotiation is a method for negotiating the pricing and terms surrounding a particular transaction. This method of negotiation is based around the concept that negotiations are a zero-sum game; meaning that one party must win the negotiation while the other party loses. The concept of competitive negotiation is in direct contrast to cooperative negotiation methods, which conclude that there can be multiple winners in a negotiation, resulting in a win-win scenario for all of the involved parties.

 

A person or company that utilizes competitive

 

 

Q6. Write a note on International arbitration institutions.10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : International arbitration is a leading method for resolving disputes arising from international commercial agreements and other international relationships. As with arbitration generally, international arbitration is a creation of contract, i.e., the parties’ decision to submit disputes to binding resolution by one or more arbitrators selected by or on behalf of the parties and applying adjudicatory procedures, usually by including a provision for the arbitration of future disputes in their contract.[1] The practice of

 

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PM0017 –Project Quality Management

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL DRIVE 2013
PROGRAM/SEMESTER MBADS – (SEM 4/SEM 6) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 4) / PGDISMN (SEM 2)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME PM0017 –Project Quality Management
BOOK ID B1346
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Q1. Analyse project organisational structure. 10 marks(300-400) words

 

Answer : Organisational Structure Projects

E-Business in a UK clearing Bank

The re-organisation of this national clearing bank into centres of excellence (e.g. call centres, service centres) had been intended to provide a nationwide service. An unexpected consequence was the fracturing of the integrated service previously received through the branch network. An in-depth analysis of the organisational structure of the bank, combined with process mapping using ‘Flow map’ process mapping software, http://www.flowmap.com, enabled the creation of mechanisms to re-integrate the service to the customer.

 

 

Q2. Explain the Wheel of Quality model.10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : What is TQM?

 

Total Quality Management (TQM) is a structured system for meeting and exceeding customer needs and expectations by creating organization-wide participation in the planning and implementation of improvement (continuous and breakthrough) processes.

 

Why TQM?

In a global marketplace a major characteristic

 

 

Q3. Analyse the project approaches for capability development.10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : Project Management Capability Development

 

As businesses strive to increase rate of return on continually decreasing investment, building a project management capability has become critical. Unfortunately, standard or off-the-shelf training packages often fail to deliver the anticipated benefits.

 

Turn to our Project Management Capability Development solution. We’ll assess your organization’s capability, determine target levels, custom-tailor a plan to meet your specific business needs and effectively measure ongoing benefits.

 

 

Q4. Explain Five Elements of the Six Sigma Framework.10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : Six Sigma is a quality control and management methodology and approach. As a business owner or manager if you are considering implementing some kind of quality management tools you are going to run across Six Sigma in your research, but rather than just dismiss Six Sigma as another complicated method you should take the time to seriously consider implementing it for your business. To determine if it is the right approach for your business you are going to want to learn everything that you can about the Six Sigma method.

 

Six Sigma was developed in the 1980’s by Motorola, and

 

Q5. Analyse the stages of cost reduction.10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : Three stages of cost reduction

Transforming Government

Like corporate, public bodies should manage cost reduction work in three distinct phases. Deloitte Director, Joel Bellman, discusses these phases.

 

1. Efficiency

The tough Spending Review settlement suggests savings will require more than an efficiency dividend. But there are some simple steps some public

 

Q6. Explain the key elements in a supply chain.10 marks(300-400) words

Answer : Supply chain management is often a tactical pursuit, managing challenges and opportunities on a transactional basis, rather than holistically and strategically. This less than strategic approach is driven by both internal and external influences that divert attention from a holistic perspective, in turn directing focus on distinct or unique issues, challenges, and concerns. Falling into this tactical melee not only increases complexity, but also reduces the value opportunity that can be derived from strategic management of the supply chain.

Supply chain management must be perceived as a

 

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