MI0033 –Software Engineering

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Master of Business Administration- MBA Semester 3

MI0033 –Software Engineering

 

Credits

(Book ID: B1483)

Assignment (60 marks)

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should not exceed 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

Q1. Waterfall Model, V-Model and Spiral Model are of the software development processes. Companies are using these models to have a systematic and defined approach in software development. Which of the four phases are involved in the software development process?

(Listing the 4 types- 4 marks, explaining the types- 4 marks, examples-2 marks) (7  10 marks)

Answer.

Listing the phases of SDLC

Software life cycle models describe phases of the software cycle and the order in which those phases are executed. Each phase produces deliverables required by the next phase in the life cycle. Requirements are translated into design. Code is produced according to the design which is called development phase. After coding and development the testing verifies the deliverable of the implementation phase against requirements. There are following six phases in every Software

Q.2. Software estimation is the first phase of project planning and it is the process of judging a software product and solving the problem associated with the software project. We follow some important steps to achieve reliable cost and effort estimates. Explain the different estimation models and estimation techniques. ( a. Explaining different estimation models, b. Explaining estimation techniques) 6,4

ANS:

 

  1. a)Estimation models

 

As, software has become very expensive, large cost estimation errors will make a huge difference between profit and loss and hence software estimation plays an important role in a software project management activity. The different estimation models involved in a software project are:

 

Q3. a. You are a SCM manager in a software company. How will you establish a software configuration management process in a company?  

(Definition- 1 marks, 4 procedures in software configuration management process-4 marks)

Answer.

Definition: SCM identifies, controls, audits, and reports modifications that invariably occur while software is being developed, and after it has been released to a customer.

Software Configuration Management Process

Software configuration management is an important element of software quality assurance. Its primary responsibility is the control of change. However, SCM is also responsible for the identification of individual SCIs and various versions of the software, the auditing of the software configuration to ensure that it has been properly developed, and the reporting of all

 

  1. You are appointed as a software developer in a software company and you have been asked by your project manager to check details of the bugs from the previous version. How will you gather details associated with the various bugs in the previous version? (Definition – 1 mark, typical work cycle-4 marks)  5+5 marks 

Answer.

Definition

If i am appointed as a software developer in a software company  then i give these detail: A bug tracking system or defect tracking system is a software application that is designed to help keep track of reported software bugs in software develop

 

Q4. a. If you are a software engineer you must be expert in the field of software, hardware and also database. It has been listed by the industry professionals that time and effort are the most important factors in the system analysis stage. Briefly explain the steps used in in system analysis.   

(Listing the steps- 1 marks, explanation-4 marks)

Answer.

Steps used in system analysis :

1.Identify system users

 

  1. If you are a software developer in small company, how will you conduct a specification review? (Explanation-5 marks)  

Answer.

Conduction of specification review :

Writing software specifications is more complicated than one would initially suspect. The specification needs to be completely clear so that it can not be misinterpreted by an implementation or application developer in order to achieve full interoperabili

 

Q.5. Write short note on 3,3,2,2

  1. Unit testing
  2. System testing
  3. Debugging
  4. Verification and validation

ANS:

 

  1. a)Unit Testing

 

To understand unit testing, let us first understand ‘what is a unit?’ The smallest building blocks of software are called as units. Units are made up of individual functions in a language like C. We can define ‘unit testing’ as the method of validating small basic blocks of a complicated system, prior to testing of an integrated big module or the whole system.

 

Q6. What are the different methods of software prototypes and tools?  (definition of software prototype-1 mark, 3 types of techniques- 3 marks, explaining tools- 4 marks, benefits of software prototype- 2 marks) 10 marks 

Answer.

Software prototype:

Software prototyping, refers to the activity of creating prototypes of software applications, i.e., incomplete versions of the software program being developed. It is an activity that can occur insoftware development and is comparable to prototyping as known from other fields, such as mechanical engineering or manufacturi

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IB0018 – Export-Import Finance

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DRIVE-Fall 2014

PROGRAM-MBADS (SEM 4/SEM 6) MBAFLEX/ MBAN2 (SEM 4) PGDIB (SEM 2)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME-IB0018 – Export-Import Finance

BK ID-B1910

CREDIT & MARKS-4 CREDITS, 60 MARKS

Q1. Discuss the importance of exports for India. How do commercial banks assist in exports?

(Importance of exports, Assistance by commercial banks)5,5         

Answer.

Importance of exports

Exports of a country play an important role in the economy. A healthy balance, a sustainable development with trade and foreign exchange reserves to maintain the country’s export growth should be a constant and high rate. Exports as a whole affect the industrial environment. To compete internationally, the industry standard for quality products, competitive price, good packaging, etc, which is important for overall industry.

 

Q2. What is the need for export finance in India? Write a short note on export financing facilities in India.

(Need for export finance, Financing facilities) 5, 5

Answer.

Need for export finance

Export finance refers to financial assistance extended by banks and other financial institutions to businesses for the shipping of products outside a country or region. Export financing enables MSMEs to expand its reach to a global audience. Export financing is a major component of successful export transactions. Exporters need finance for purchasing, processing, packaging and for their day to activities. Banks in every country provide export finance facilities on liberal terms. In India too, all the AD banks provide export finance to exporters under the guidelines provided by RBI. An exporter needs finance at two stages, i.e., before shipment (pre-shipment) and after shipment (post shipment).

Q3. As an exporter, what benefits you can get from Post shipment finance scheme? Discuss the types of post shipment credits.

(Post shipment finance, types) 7, 3

Answer.

Post shipment finance scheme

Post shipment finance may be defined as a loan or advance granted by banks to their exporter clients after the shipment of goods till the date of receipt of payment from overseas buyer or credit opening bank. It is a short term credit provided by banks to exporters to meet their working capital requirements after the shipment of goods. When an exporter has made the shipment and submits his documents to the bank, the bank adjusts the packing credit granted earlier and extends the remaining amount of export bill to exporter. The amount of packing credit given earlier is also converted into post shipment finance.

 

Q4. Write short notes on:

  1. a) Letter of credit

b Types of foreign exchange risk exposure

Answer.

  1. a) Letter of credit

A letter of credit is an obligation of the bank that opens the letter of credit (the issuing bank) to pay the agreed amount to the seller on behalf of the buyer, upon receipt of the documents specified in the letter of credit. A written commitment to pay, by a buyer’s or importer’s bank (called the issuing bank) to the seller’s or exporter’s bank (called the accepting bank, negotiating bank, or paying bank).

 

Q5. What is forex market? Explain the unique features of forex market.

(Meaning features)

Answer.

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global decentralized market for the trading of currencies. In terms of volume of trading, it is by far the largest market in the world. The main participants in this market are the larger international banks. Financial centres around the world function as anchors of trading between a wide range of multiple types of buyers and sellers around the clock, with the exception of weekends. The foreign exchange market determines the relative values of different currencies.

 

Q6. What is custom duty? Discuss its types.

(Meaning, types) 4, 6

Answer.

Custom duty

A tax levied on imports (and, sometimes, on exports) by the customs authorities of a country to raise state revenue, and/or to protect domestic industries from more efficient or predatory competitors from abroad.

Customs duty is based generally on the value of goods or upon the weight, dimensions, or some oth

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IB0016– GLOBAL LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

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DRIVE-Fall 2014

PROGRAM-MBADS (SEM 4/SEM 6) MBAFLEX/ MBAN2 (SEM 4) PGDIB (SEM 2)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME-IB0016/IB0019– GLOBAL LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

BK ID-B1661

CREDIT AND MARKS-4 CREDITS AND 60 MARKS

Q1. Write short notes on:

  • Logistical packaging
  • Global supply chain collaboration
  • Free trade zones
  • Shipbuilding

(A Logistical packaging Global supply chain collaboration Free trade zones Shipbuilding) 10 (2.5 marks each)

Answer.

Logistical packaging

Logistical Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. It also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages. As explained below, the main use for packaging is protection of the goods inside, but packaging also provides us with a recognisable logo, or packaging, we instantly know wha

 

Q2. Explain the concept of charter arrangement.

(Explanation of charter, Explanation of types of charter arrangements, Explanation of charter agreements pricing terms) 1, 6, 3

Answer.

Charter

A document, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under which a corporation, colony, city, or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges. Also called charter party. a contract by which part or all of a ship is leased for a voyage or a stated time.

 

Q3. Write short notes on:

Interaction between shippers and conference

Air cargo documentation

Container railway in India

Freight forwarders

(Interaction between shippers and conference, Air cargo documentation, Container railway in India, Freight forwarders) 10 (2.5 marks each)

Answer.

Interaction between shippers and conference

The most common way for a conference, or carrier, to bind shippers is through use of a service contract. In the United States trades various reports indicate over ninety percent of all general cargoes move under service contract. In some markets (although not those involving U.S. ports) a system of deferred rebates is used with the shipper always having money due him on deposit with the conference. The rebates are calculated on the basis of 10 to 15 percent of what the

 

Q4. What is payment? Explain the different methods of payment

(Definition of payment, Explanation of Common modes of payment, How payment can be categorized explain with an example, Explanation of different methods of payment)1,1,2,6

Answer.

Payment

A payment is the transfer of an item of value from one party (such as a person or company) to another in exchange for the provision of goods, services or both, or to fulfill a legal obligation.

Common modes of payment

 

Q5. List and explain some of the important documents that are used in international logistics.

(Listing of the documents, Explanation of the documents)1, 9(1.5 marks for each document)

Answer.

Listing of the documents

Here are all documents that are commonly used in exporting, but specific requirements vary by destination and product. It is divided into the following subsections: common export documents, transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, other certificates for shipments of specific goods, other export-related documents, and temporary shipment documents.

Explanation

COMMON EXPORT DOCUMENTS

Commercial Invoice

A commercial invoice is a bill for the goods from the seller to the buyer.

Export Packing List

 

Q6. What is transaction channel? Explain in detail the two important aspects of transaction channel.

(Explanation of transaction channel including definition, how they are separated from each other, give an example, Discussion on the two unique aspects of transaction channel.)2, 8 ( 4 marks for each aspect)

Answer.

Transaction channel: The transactional approach is based on the four traditional elements of marketing, sometimes referred to as the four P’s:

  • Product — Creating a product that meets consumer needs.
  • Pricing — Establishing a product price that will be profitable while still attractive to consumers.
  • Placement — Establishing an efficient distribution chain for the product.
  • Promotion — Creating a visibl

 

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IB0015- Foreign Trade of India

 

DRIVE FALL 2014
PROGRAM MBADS (SEM 4/SEM 6)

MBAFLEX/MBA (SEM4) PGDIB(SEM 2)

SUBJECTCODE &

NAME

IB0015- Foreign Trade of India
BK ID B1908
CREDIT & MARKS 4 CREDITS, 60 MARKS

 

 

 

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Q1. Explain Ricardo’s Theory of Comparative Advantage and compare it with Adam Smith’s Absolute Advantage theory.

(Theory of Comparative Advantage, Comparison)7, 3

Answer.

Ricardo’s Theory of Comparative Advantage

This theory of comparative advantage, also called comparative cost theory, is regarded as the classical theory of international trade. David Ricardo stated a theory that other things being equal a country tends to specialise in and exports those commodities in the production of which it has maximum comparative cost advantage or minimum comparative disadvantage. Similarly the country’s imports will be of goods having relatively less comparative cost

 

Q2. Describe the composition of India’s import.

(Composition of import)10    

Answer.

The composition of imports showed much less change than that of exports. POL continues to be the single major item of import with its share stabilizing at the 30-31 per cent level. The share of capital goods imports shows the sharpest rise of about 4.9 percentage points in 2006-07 over 2000-01 due to a 3-7 percentage point rise in the share of transport equipment and 1.6 percentage point rise in the share on non-electrical machinery (excluding machine

 

Q3. Discuss the salient features of Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14.

(Objectives, Aims, schemes and announcements) 4, 6

Answer.

Features of Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14

The Ministry of Commerce, Government of India announced on 27th August 2009 Foreign Trade Policy (2009-2014) of India replacing the then existing Export- Import Policy: 2004-09. The present policy shall remain in force from August 27, 2009 to 31st March, 2014.

 

Q4. Write short notes on the sectoral performance of:

(Gems and Jewellery, Readymade garments)5,5

Answer.

  1. Gems and Jewellery sector

The gems and jewellery sector has been one of the fastest-growing sectors in India in the past few years. The sector has gained global popularity because of its talented craftsmen, its superior practices in cutting and polishing fine diamonds and precious stones, and its cost-efficiencies.

 

Q5. What are Special Economic Zones? Write one sentence each on any 5 SEZs in India.

(Meaning and role of SEZ, 5 SEZ)5,5

Answer.

Special Economic Zones

special economic zone (SEZ) is a geographical region that is designed to export goods and provide employment. SEZs may be exempt from laws regarding taxes, quotas, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)-bans, labour laws and other restrictive laws in order to make the goods manufactured in the SEZ at a globally competitive price.

 

Q6. What is the need and role of Focus Market Scheme? Discuss in detail.

(Focus market scheme) 10

Answer.

Need and role of Focus Market Scheme

The objective of the scheme is to offset the high freight cost and other disabilities faced in accessing select foreign markets as to enhance the export competitiveness in these markets. The scheme allows duty credit scrip @ 3% of the FOB value of exports irrespective of the product they export to notified countries as in Appendix 37C of Handbook of Procedures (Vol 1). A number of countries mainly from Latin America, Africa and CIS Bloc

 

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MU0018 – Change Management

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DRIVE-fall 2014

PROGRAM-MBADS (SEM 4/SEM 6) MBAFLEX/ MBAN2 (SEM 4) PGDHRMN (SEM 2)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME

 

MU0018 – Change Management

BK ID-B1807

CREDIT & MARKS-4 Credits, 60 marks

Q.1. Describe Kotter’s Eight Step Change Model.

ANS:

 

Kotter’s Eight Step Change Model

 

In Leading Change, John Kotter (1996) describes the eight step process to create lasting transformations. He states, “Useful change tends to be associated with a multistep process that creates power and motivation sufficient to overwhelm all the sources of inertia” The Eight stage process can be explained as follows:

 

Q2. Explain the various steps at which control takes place in a Change Management Process

(Explaining the steps at which control takes place with regard to Change Management)

Answer.

Steps at which control takes place with regard to Change Management

In the change management process, controlling takes place at various steps, which are as follows:

 

Step l: Preparation for change

As a first step, in the preparation stage, the change manager has to focus on the following aspects

  1. a)The required change has to be identified
  2. b)Determination of the major concerns and issues needs to be determined
  3. c)The obstacles or hurdles to be identified
  4. d)Calculating the involvement of risk and determination of the cost of change
  5. e)Understanding the reasons for resisting the change

(a)    A suitable method to be devised recognizing the requirement for change and identification of the present position

 

Q3.What do you mean by Organizational Effectiveness? Explain the approaches involved in achieving Organizational Effectiveness

(Definition of Organizational Effectiveness, Explain the approaches to achieve Organizational effectiveness)

Answer.

Organizational Effectiveness

Organizational effectiveness is the concept of how effective an organization is in achieving the outcomes the organization intends to produce. The idea of organizational effectiveness is especially important for non-profit organizations as most people who donate money to nonprofit organizations and charities are interested in knowing whether the organization is effective in accomplishing its goals. Organizational effectiveness has been defined as the degree of goal achievement. The determination of an organization’s goal(s) is crucial in evaluating effectiveness of an organization. The first step in the determination of goals is to distinguish between official and operative goals.

 

 

Q4. Define organizational Culture. Describe briefly about the types of organizational Culture

(Definition of Culture, Explaining the various types of organizational culture) 2, 8

Answer.

Culture

The word ‘culture’ has been derived metaphorically from the idea of ‘cultivation’, the process of tilling and developing land. When we talk about culture, we are typically referring to the pattern of development reflected in a society’s system of knowledge, ideology, values, laws, social norms and day-to-day rituals. Organizational culture is said to be a blend of innovation and the ability to take risks, attention to detail, outcome orientation, people orientation, team orientation, aggressiveness and stability.

 

Q.5. Explain the Behavioural Approach to Individual Change. (Explanation of the Behavioural Approach) 10

 

ANS: 

 

The Behavioural Approach to Individual Change

 

The behavioural approach: This mainly concentrates on the diagnosing of the surface level cultures that is the behaviours of the individuals which is responsible for managing the relationships in the organisation. This is highly important for implementing the new strategies. This will compare whether the behaviours are suitable for implementing the new strategies. It helps the managers, whether the culture itself should be changed or the strategies have to be changed.

 

The competing values approach: This focuses on how to solve the values that are in confusion. This approach has given two value pairs, which helps to understand theorganisation culture. The two value pairs are:

 

  • Internal focus and integration versus external focus and differentiation.
  • Flexibility and discretion versus stability and control.

 

Q6. Write a brief note on the following:

a)Kurt Lewin’s Model of change

b)Burke-Litwin Model of organizational performance and change

(Explaining the concept of Kurt Lewin’s model, Explaining the concept of Burke-Litwin model) 5, 5

Answer.

a)Kurt Lewin’s Model of change

In order to ensure that change is permanent, Kurt Lewin described the three phases of the change process which can enable the organization to move from the current state to the desired state—Unfreezing, Changing,

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MU0017 – Talent Management

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DRIVE-Fall 2014

PROGRAMMBADS (SEM 4/SEM 6) MBAFLEX/ MBAN2 (SEM 4) PGDHRMN (SEM 2)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME-MU0017 – Talent Management

BK ID-B1869

CREDIT & MARKS-4 Credits, 60 marks

 

 

Q1. Explain the key elements of Talent Management System.

(Explaining the key elements of a Talent Management system) 10

Answer.

Key elements of a Talent Management system

The key elements of Talent Management System are explained as follows:

 

Performance: A performance management system increases the productivity and confidence in an organisation, if planned and implemented effectively. Performance management systems should be visibly related to training or development and recognition or compensation systems within the organisation in order to increase productivity and retention.

 

Q2. Define Talent Management. Discuss the Talent management Approaches.

(Definition of Talent Management, Explaining the Talent management Approaches)2,8

Answer.

Talent Management

 

Talent management refers to the anticipation of required human capital for an organization and the planning to meet those needs. Talent management in this context does not refer to the management of entertainers.

Talent management is the science of using strategic human resource planning to improve business value and to make it possible for companies and organisations to reach their goals. Everything done to recruit, retain, develop, reward and m

 

Q3. Explain the key elements of Talent Management System.

(Explaining the key elements of a Talent Management system) 10

Answer.

Key elements of a Talent Management system

The key elements of Talent Management System are explained as follows:

 

Performance: A performance management system increases the productivity and confidence in an organisation, if planned and implemented effectively. Performance management systems should be visibly related to training or development and recognition or compensation systems within the organisation in order to increase productivity and retention.

 

Q.4 Explain the key Compensation principles. What do you mean by Total rewards? Describe the elements of Total rewards. [Explaining the key compensation principles, Definition of Total rewards, Explaining the elements of Total rewards]

ANS:

 

Total Rewards

All of the tools available to the employer that may be used to attract, motivate and retain employees. Total rewards include everything the employee perceives to be of value resulting from the employment relationship.

 

Key compensation principles

 

There are few key compensation principles. They are:

 

Q5. Explain the organizational issues pertaining to Talent Management.

(Explain the organizational issues pertaining to Talent Management)10

Answer.

Organizational issues pertaining to Talent Management

Organisational issues pertaining to talent management could arise because of focusand fit.

 

(i) Focus: The different types of focus are:

 

Q6. Write short notes on:

  1. A) Workforce Analysis
  2. B) Talent Review

(A brief note on Workforce Analysis, Concept and importance of Talent review) 5,5

Answer.

  1. A)Workforce Analysis

Workforce Analysis provides information regarding the current workforce across mission critical occupations, including demographic and background characteristics of the current workforce, retirement eligibility, turnover, and various workforce management issues (i.e., recruitment and

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MU0016 – Performance Management and Appraisal

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DRIVE FALL 2014

PROGRAMMBADS (SEM 4/SEM 6) MBAFLEX/ MBAN2 (SEM 4) PGDHRMN (SEM 2)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME-MU0016 – Performance Management and Appraisal

BK ID-B1868

CREDIT & MARKS-4 Credits, 60 marks

 

Q.1. Discuss the principles and dimensions of Performance Management (Explaining the principles of Performance Management, Explaining the dimensions of Performance Management) 5,5

 

ANS:

 

Principles of Performance Management

 

Every organisation has its own principles for performance management. Let us now discuss some key principles of performance management that are common to all organisations.

 

  • It translates corporate goals into individual, team, department and divisional goals.
  • It helps to clarify corporate goals.

 

 

Q2 What are the key contents of a Performance Agreement? Explain

(Explaining the key contents of a Performance Agreement)10

Answer.

 

Key contents of a Performance Agreement

Performance agreement defines the following aspects of performance expectations:

 

  1. Role requirements:Every job is intended to fulfil a role. These are defined as key-result areas (KRAs) of the role. A role holder, i.e. the employee, in the organisation is expected to accomplish the KRAs. Achieving those KRAs require some competencies. Therefore, the role profile should define not only the achievements but also the competencies required to achieve the KRAs. This includes the behaviour, i.e., actual actions that fulfil the role. During PM planning, the existing role profile is reviewed and changes are made if necessary.

 

 

Q3 Assume that you have joined as an HR in an organization. The first task assigned to you is to conduct the Performance Appraisal Process. What according to you is its purpose? Describe the entire Performance Appraisal process.

(Explain any three purpose of Performance Appraisal, Explain the Performance Appraisal Process) 3, 7

Answer.

Purpose of Performance Appraisal

Performance appraisals are essential for the effective management and evaluation of staff. Appraisals help develop individuals, improve organisational performance, and feed into business planning. Formal performance appraisals are generally conducted annually for all staff in the organisation. Each employee is appraised by his/her line manager. Performance appraisal is a method of evaluating the job performance of an employee. It is an ongoing process of obtaining, researching, analyzing and recording information about the worth of an employee..

 

 

Q.4. Discuss the skills that a line manager require for effective Performance Management. (Listing the skills, Explaining the skill) 1,9

 

ANS:

 

Skills that a line manager require for effective Performance Management

 

Whether you are managing a team or a process, this practical, line manager or supervisor training programme will give you grounding in the essential skills and behaviours required to be able to communicate, motivate, build trust and lead with confidence and authority. Employee performance includes: Planning work and setting expectations. Continually monitoring performance. Developing the capacity to perform. Periodically rating performance in a summary fashion, and Rewarding good performance.

 

Q5 Define the term ‘Ethics’. Discuss the key factors involved in ensuring Ethics in Performance Management(PM)

(Definition of Ethics, Explaining the key factors to ensure Ethics in PM) 2, 8

Answer.

Ethics

The word ‘ethics’ comes from the Greek word ‘ethikos’. It refers to one’s moral character and the way in which society expects people to behave in accordance with accepted principles. Most philosophers conclude that ethical failure occurs because of lack of character or, in other words, virtuous people will live ethically. Therefore, we need to think about the desired virtues and how one can develop those virtues, PM being a case where such ethics need emphasis. Ethics in organisation is about good behaviour in various organisational aspects which include its dealings with external agencies including customers and internal agencies including employees.

 

Q6 Write short notes on the following:

a)MBO

b)Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales Method (BARS)

(Explaining the meaning and steps in MBO, Explaining the concept and process of BARS) 5,5

Answer.

  1. a) MBO

This method involves setting particular calculable goals with each employee and then respectively discussing his/her progress towards these goals. The term MBO refers to an inclusive organisation-wide goal setting and appraisal programme that consists of six main steps

 

  1. Set the organisation’s goals:Create organisation-wide plan for the next year and set goals.

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