MCA1030- FOUNDATION OF MATHEMATICS

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ASSIGNMENT

PROGRAM MCA(REVISED FALL 2012)
SEMESTER FIRST
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MCA1030- FOUNDATION OF MATHEMATICS
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1646
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

Q.1 State Leibnitz’s theorem. Find the nth derivative of𝑦(𝑥)= 𝑥2𝑒𝑎𝑥, using Leibnitz theorem.

Answer: – Leibniz’s rule for differentiation under the integral sign, named after Gottfried Leibniz, tells us that if we have an integral of the form

Then for x in (x0, x1) the derivative of this integral is thus expressible

Provided that f and its partial derivative f(x) are both continuous over a region in the form [x0, x1] × [y0, y1].Thus under certain conditions, one may interchange the integral and partial differential operators. This important result is particularly useful in

 

Q.2 Define Tautology and contradiction. Show that

  1. a) (pn q) n (~ p) is a tautology.
  2. b) (pÙ q) Ù(~ p) is a contradiction

Answer: - Tautology: – A proposition which is always true is called a tautology. The column of a tautology in a truth table contains only T’s. For example, if is a proposition, then is a tautology. We could have used tautologies for proving all the previous laws; just add an extra column to each truth table, corresponding to the specific logical equivalence and check that this column

 

 

Q.3 State Lagrange’s Theorem. Verify Lagrange’s mean value theorem for the function

f(x) = 3 x2 – 5x + 1 defined in interval [2, 5]

Answer: – Suppose f is a function defined on a closed interval [a,b] (with a<b ) such that the following two conditions hold:

 

Q.4 Define Negation. Write the negation of each of the following conjunctions:

  1. A) Paris is in France and London is in England.
  2. B) 2 + 3 = 5 and 8 < 10.

Answer: – Negation: – The action or logical operation of negating or making negative b :  a negative statement, judgment, or doctrine; especially :  a logical proposition formed by asserting the falsity of a given proposition .

  • Negation refers to contradiction and not to a contrary statement.
  • We should be very careful while writing

Q.5 Find the asymptote parallel to the coordinate axis of the following curves

(i) (𝑥2+𝑦2)𝑥𝑎𝑦2=0

(ii) 𝑥2𝑦2𝑎2(𝑥2+𝑦2)=0

Answer: – (I) (𝑥2+𝑦2)𝑥𝑎𝑦2=0

F(x) = (𝑥2+𝑦2)𝑥𝑎𝑦2

 

 

 

(b )𝑥2𝑦2−𝑎2(𝑥2+𝑦2)=0

 

 

Q.6 Define (I) Set (ii) Null Set (iii) Subset (iv) Power set (v)Union set

Answer: – Set: – In everyday life, we have to deal with the collections of objects of one kind or the other.

  • The collection of even natural numbers less than 12 i.e., of the numbers 2,4,6,8, and 10.
  • The collection of vowels in the English alphabet, i.e., of the letters a ,e ,i ,o , u.
  • The collection of all students of class MCA 1st semester of your college.
  • In each of the above collections, it is

 

 

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MCA1020- PROGRAMMING IN C

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ASSIGNMENT

PROGRAM MCA
SEMESTER FIRST
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MCA1020- PROGRAMMING IN C
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1639
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

Q.1. Explain the history of C language. What are the advantages of C language?

Answer:- History of C language:- The C programming language was devised in the early 1970s by Dennis M. Ritchie an employee from Bell Labs (AT&T).

In the 1960s Ritchie worked, with several other employees of Bell Labs (AT&T), on a project called Multics. The goal of the project was to develop an operating system for a large computer that could be used by a thousand users. In 1969 AT&T (Bell Labs) withdrew from the project, because the project could not produce an economically useful system. So the employees of Bell Labs (AT&T) had to search for another project to work on (mainly Dennis M. Ritchie

 

 Q.2. Write short notes on:

  1. a) scanf()
  2. b) printf()

Answer:- scanf():- The C library function int scanf(const char *format, …) reads formatted input from stdin.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for scanf() function.

 

  1. 3. Describe about static and external variables.

Answer:- Lifetime of a static variables is throughout a program but its accessibility within the function in which it is declared. External variables are global variables. it can be accessed in any function within a program or out side of the program.

external variables:- In the C programming language, an external variable is a variable defined outside any function block. On the other hand, a local (automatic) variable is a variable defined inside a function block.

 

Q.4. Distinguish between pass by value and pass by reference with the help of an example.

Answer: – A value-type variable contains its data directly as opposed to a reference-type variable, which contains a reference to its data. Therefore, passing a value-type variable to a method means passing a copy of the variable to the method. Any changes to the parameter that take place inside the method have no affect on the original data stored in the variable. If you want the called method to change the value of the parameter, you have to pass it by

 

  1. 5 Define macro. How we can declare a macro statement? Explain with an example.

Answer:- A Macro is typically an abbreviated name given to a piece of code or a value. Macros can also be defined without any value or piece of code but in that case they are used only for testing purpose.

Defining Macros without values

The most basic use of macros is to define them without values and use them as testing conditions. As an example, lets look at the following piece of code :

 

  1. 6 What is the use of fopen () and fclose () function? List and explain different modes for opening a file.

Answer:- Opening And Closing A Disk File

  • Before we dive into the details, take note that the program examples presented here just for basic file I/O that applies to DOS and Linux.
  • For Windows, you have to study the Win32 programming that provides specifics file I/O and other related functions. Here we do not discuss in

 

 

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SC0007 – CATEGORY MANAGEMENT IN PURCHASING

 

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SUBJECT CODE & NAME

SC0007 – CATEGORY MANAGEMENT IN PURCHASING

BK ID

B1662

CREDITS AND MARKS

4 CREDITS AND 60 MARKS

Q.No

Criteria

Marks

Total Marks

1Write Short notes on

  • Obstacles for driving change in category management process
  • Product category life cycle
  • Stakeholder mapping
  • Request for Information

 

2 Explain opportunity analysis.

 

3 Wal-Mart redefines sourcing strategy

By Gill McShane

 

Wal-Mart Stores has announced in a press release a number of related events that position the company to leverage its global scale to reduce costs of goods, accelerate speed to market, and improve the quality of its products.

The new global sourcing strategy involves the creation of Global Merchandising Centers, a change in leadership and structure, and a strategic alliance with Li & Fung, a global sourcing organisation.

The announcements are “important elements in the company’s strategy to deliver even greater value to its customers and shareholders”, according to Wal-Mart vice-chairman Eduardo Castro-Wright.

Walmart first announced a consolidated global sourcing structure centred around new Global Merchandising Centers (GMCs) at its annual meeting for the investment community in October 2009. This new structure is expected to leverage the company’s global scale in both general merchandise categories and global food sourcing.

“The newly-established Global Merchandising Centers represent the largest and most important element of our new sourcing strategy,” said Mr Castro-Wright. “These centers will create alignment between sourcing and merchandising and drive efficiencies across various merchandise categories.”

The core of the company’s overall global sourcing strategy will be to continue increasing direct sourcing for the company’s private brands. Today, private brand merchandise represents more than US$100bn in purchasing annually. “Our new strategy and structure should drive significant savings across the supply chain,” Mr Castro-Wright said.

Ed Kolodzieski, currently president and CEO of Walmart Japan Holdings G.K. and Seiyu, has been promoted to executive vice-president and will lead Walmart’s Global Sourcing. Mr Kolodzieski will report to Mr Castro-Wright.

As part of this new strategy, Walmart also finalised a series of agreements with Li & Fung, which is forming a new company to manage the Walmart account, and is expected to build capacity that would enable it to act as a buying agent for goods valued around US$2bn within the first year.

“In sum, we are redefining how we source products that are imported into Walmart retail markets around the globe,” Mr Castro-Wright said. “By realigning our resources, leveraging our scale, and restructuring our relationship with suppliers, we will enable our businesses around the world to offer even more competitive pricing on merchandise and to provide our customers a clear and compelling assortment of better quality products at lower prices.”

Source:http://www.fruitnet.com/americafruit/article/5565/wal-mart-redefines-sourcing-strategy

 

Analyse Wal-Mart’s sourcing strategy.

 

4 List and describe the different activities in relation with logistics in purchasing(unit 10)

 

5 Measures Taken to Improve Lessons Learnt Review (LLR) in ABC Company

ABC is a media company established in 2000 in New Delhi. The company runs a television channel and also a monthly news magazine. At the end of every financial year, the management of the company spent some quality time in preparing a lessons learnt report. The management was aware that continuous learning is essential to achieve continuous improvement. During the process of creating the LLR, the officials of the company figured out that lots of negative and positive things were happening in their business every financial year. After the analysis of their performance, they documented their findings in a structured manner. They prepared LLR to avoid repetition of mistakes and improve the overall performance.

Problem

However, after creating LLR on a regular basis, the management of ABC found that the employees were committing the same mistakes which were explained and analysed in the LLR many times. After much discussion, it became clear that the LLRs that were created were not shared with the employees of the organisation properly. As a result of this, most of the employees were not aware of the mistakes and the new updates.

Solution

The management of ABC deployed a team to check whether the LLR was shared with the employees immediately after it has been created. The team uploaded the LLR in the intranet and ensured that it reached every employee of ABC. They thus ensured that the mistakes mentioned in the LLR were not repeated by any of the employees in their future projects.

Result

As a result of the proper sharing of LLR, the overall performance of the employees is now improved and the company has gained good revenue.

 

What was the main problem faced by ABC? How did ABC tackle its problems?

 

6 Explain any seven steps used for purchasing process sourcing strategy process.

 

 

 

 

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SUBJECT CODE & NAME

SC0008 –PURCHASING AND CONTRACTING FOR PROJECTS

BK ID

B1663

CREDITS AND MARKS

4 CREDITS AND 60 MARKS

Q.No

Criteria

Marks

Total Marks

1Write short notes on:

  • 3 R’s in contract management
  • Contracting strategies
  • Target cost contract
  • Fixed price contract

 

2 Contract for Transferring the Newspaper Agency

Background

Pranav, a business man, owned a newspaper agency. He wanted to sell the newspaper agency to another party. Hence, in January 2010, he entered into negotiations with Mishra who had just started a newspaper agency business. Pranav informed Mishra that the newspaper agency has been making a profit of about Rs 10 lakh per annum over the last five years.

Pranav also offered to let Mishra inspect the annual accounts of the newspaper agency, but Mishra refused to do it. The negotiation proceeded for three months, during which time the business diminished to such an extent that the profit reduced to approximately Rs two lakh per annum.

Issues

On 1st June 2010, Mishra entered into a contract with Pranav by which the newspaper agency business was transferred to Mishra for Rs 50 lakh. On 12th June 2010, Mishra realised the actual state of the business. He also realised that the business had only made a profit of Rs five lakh over the last five years and not Rs 10 lakh.

In this case, Mishra had no remedy against Pranav for breach of contract. This is because a valid contract was created when Mishra agreed to Pranav’s offer after months

of negotiation. Without any contrary to the contract, Mishra had entered into the contract and offered his consent.

After creating the contract, both the parties had not breached any terms of the contract. Even though Pranav had stated that the agency was earning Rs 10 lakh per annum, the contract did not indicate that the agency to be transferred was earning Rs 10 lakh per annum for the last five years.

The contract that existed in this scenario only covered the transfer of ownership of the agency and the purchase price that was delivered by Pranav as fulfilment of his obligations. As there was no apparent breach of contract terms, Mishra could not claim breach of contract even when he identified that the agency was really earning less than what Pranav had stated previously.

Source: http://ivythesis.typepad.com/term_paper_topics/2009/08/assignment-instruction-case-study-contract-law.html

http://ivythesis.typepad.com/term_paper_topics/2009/08/case-study-contract-law.html

Explain why Mishra could not claim breach of contract against Pranav.

 

3 Assume that you are looking out for a contracting company for the construction of a hospital. You decide to draft a PQQ to all the proposed tenderers. Which questions you would include in the PQQ?

 

4 Explain payment security

 

5 Attractive Incentive Scheme

OP is a major oil company that had a massive blow-out in one of its oil wells. Oil was flowing out and polluting a major river in an environmentally sensitive area. Only a few companies in the area had equipment suitable to plug the well. OP’s director had a brief discussion with one of the companies that specialised in plugging the leak.

This leak had posed a major environmental risk. Hence, the issues that needed to be considered here were urgency, duration of the work and availability of suitable contractors. If the leak was not plugged at the earliest it would seriously affect the public’s perception of the company.

As the situation had to be rectified at the earliest the company had to choose contractors in the nearby location. Most contractors viewed the situation as an opportunity to make money. The oil company’s director had noticed this in his discussion with the first company. However, in this situation the oil company had to seek a solution that satisfied the contractor’s objective to make money and the company’s aim of getting the work done quickly.

The offer for the contract was such that the contractor would be paid at the standard rates for normal work, together with an incentive scheme. Conversely, the two tasks, plugging the well and cleaning up, had to be treated independently. The offer also stated that if the oil leak was stopped within an hour a very high bonus would be paid, and the longer it takes the bonus would be reduced on an hourly basis. If the time taken was unacceptable, the bonus would be reduced to zero and only the standard rate as agreed for the work would be paid. The bonus offered was sufficiently high in order to make the task seem worthwhile.

The clean-up work was also based on a similar incentive formula but with a daily, rather than an hourly, time schedule. By providing a high incentive the company was able to get the well plugged in one day and the clean-up in 23 days.

Source: Ward, G. (2008). The Project Manager’s Guide to Purchasing: Contracting for Goods and Services. Great Britain: Gower Publishing Limited.)

 

What contract and payment terms should be negotiated? What should be the base criteria for formulating the incentive scheme?

 

6 Can delivery affect the project? explain

 

 

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SUBJECT CODE & NAME

SC0009–SUPPLY CHAIN COST MANAGEMENT

BK ID

B1664

CREDITS AND MARKS

4 CREDITS AND 60 MARKS

Q.No

Criteria

Marks

Total Marks

1 Write short notes on Methods of calculating costs of inventory Cycle time Various costs included in transaction costs Different methods for identifying fair and reasonable pricing

 

2 What are the tasks that an organisation needs to perform before implementing the cost management strategy?

 

3 What is process costing? Discuss the steps involved in process costing method.

 

4 Discuss the steps involved in overcoming the constraints of cost management plan.

 

5 HP Experiences Cost Savings And Exhibits Environmental Responsibility Through Sustainable Supply Chain Solutions

HP is committed to its role in creating a low-carbon economy. The leading technology company was one of the first to measure and report its global logistics and manufacturing carbon footprint, so transitioning to more sustainable supply chain operations was a critical next step.

HP leveraged its existing relationship with ModusLink to develop a sustainable supply chain strategy. For more than 20 years, ModusLink has managed the company’s complete supply chain for commercial accessories in North America and EMEA, including procurement, kitting and distribution into direct and indirect channels.

ModusLink’s cradle-to-cradle approach includes services ranging from sustainable packaging redesign and network optimization to GHG footprinting, recycling and asset disposition. HP was seeking to accomplish two major goals: Significantly decrease its GHG emissions Reduce logistics and transportation costs

In order to achieve these goals, ModusLink used a combination of sophisticated tools, existing relationships with key sustainable materials suppliers, and an in-house team of experts to conduct a thorough analysis of HP’s supply chain network and operations.

This analysis confirmed that an eco-friendly product packaging redesign would significantly reduce HP’s environmental impact and its logistics costs.

The existing packaging design consisted of large boxes and non biodegradable foam. ModusLink has developed a 4D methodology — a process that analyzes ergonomics, cost, logistics and sustainability — to redesign product packaging using less materials,

eliminating plastic and finding more environmentally sound alternatives. As a result, the foam was replaced with protective end-caps made from 100 percent recycled plastic, and cubic feet and pounds of the finished packaging were significantly reduced.

 

The 4D Methodology for Product Packaging

 

  1. Ergonomics Design for easier assembly Design for a supreme point-of-purchase and out-of-box experience
  2. Cost Reduce materials where possible Use cost-effective materials
  3. Sustainability 7Rs concept (Remove, Reduce, Recycle, Renew, Revenue, Read) Determine CO2 footprint via ECRM scorecard
  4. Logistics Reduce empty space and size for pallet maximization and freight reduction Reduce packaging while still protecting the product

 

ModusLink then conducted a network simulation and GHG analysis incorporating the new packaging design to understand the impact on transportation cost and other factors in the supply chain. The analysis showed that HP could reduce GHG emissions by 10 metric tons per year and yield transportation cost savings of more than $50 thousand per year, which is a savings of 12 percent per unit. With more compact, eco-friendly packaging in place, HP continues to uphold its commitment to the environment while benefiting from the cost savings and efficiency resulting from a more sustainable supply chain.

 

Results:

HP experienced substantial, measurable savings:

 

Direct Packaging Benefits Per Year

More than 350 thousand U.S. dollar savings in packaging materials alone 74 thousand cubic feet removed from packaging 88 thousand pounds of packaging eliminated 62 metric ton reduction in GHG, equaling: 11.9 passenger cars driven in one year 144 barrels of oil saved 6,974 gallons of gasoline 20.9 tons of waste recycled , not sent to landfills

Estimated Indirect Savings Per Year More than 50 thousand U.S. dollars in outbound transportation costs 10 metric tons less packaging

 

http://www.moduslink.com/images/uploads/resources/CS_HP_DOWNLOAD.pdf

 

Why did HP redesign its packaging? How did they achieve these goals?

 

6 Healthcare supply chains face many challenges

By NCT11. October 2013

Medical supplies and equipment are a significant cost center for hospitals.Medical supplies and equipment are a significant cost center for hospitals.

An aging population continues to place pressure on the healthcare industry. Hospitals are expected to deliver immediate care to anyone who walks through the door, but the number of people needing treatment is likely to continue to grow.

This dynamic is creating new jobs within the industry – more than 5.6 million positions are expected to be created by 2020, according to a study from Georgetown University’s Center on Education and Workforce, as reported by The Huffington Post. However, the growth is also placing new demands on supply chains. The Supply Chain Council noted that healthcare organizations may have to absorb 10 to 20 percent more capacity to account for the increase in equipment and medications needed to treat an aging population.

There is already considerable pressure to reform hospital distribution networks, as the supply chain can represent nearly half of healthcare companies’ operating costs, making it the second largest expense behind labor. A blog post on the medical site KevinMD stated that changes in supply chain management could contribute to significant saving for hospitals.

Overcoming obstacles with effective shipping

Hospitals face several challenges when it comes to streamlining their supply chains. The first is the need to cover emergency care. On any given day, a facility may have the need for a wide range of equipment and medications. Regular, timely deliveries ensure they have the supplies they need. The second issue facing healthcare supply chain reform is the range of products required. Everything from cardiac stents to artificial joints may be needed at anytime. To complicate the situation, physicians may have preferences for select brands of medications.

More products create complex distribution networks, but hospitals could benefit from LTL freight management. This shipping strategy lets organizations move various quantities of goods from a variety of locations at a minimal costs. The carriers are able

to use product to increase capacity, reducing their overall operating expenses, and the savings are passed along to customers. Switching to LTL services could help hospitals gain control of supply chain costs.

Product quality is essential to controlling expenses in the healthcare industry. Pharmaceuticals that are stored wrongly could deteriorate and become ineffective. Keeping merchandise at the ideal temperature is essential for reducing waste within supply chains, and hospitals can use refrigerated trucking services to maintain the optimal climate for medications during delivery. This provides the guarantee that shipments will arrive as scheduled and in good condition

Source: http://www.nctrans.com/Trucking-Industry-News/post/2013/10/11/healthcare-supply-chains-face-many-challenges

 

What are the challenges faced by faced by hospitals in streamline their supply chain? How can these be overcome?

 

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MK0015- SERVICES MARKETING & CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT

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SUBJECT CODE & NAME

MK0015- SERVICES MARKETING & CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT

BK ID

B1808

CREDIT & MARKS

4 Credits, 60 marks

Q.No

Questions

Marks

Total Marks

1 Given your understanding of market identification, elaborate on how, in terms of market share, a firm is expected to play certain roles.

 

2 Discuss the purchase process of a service customer.

 

3 “Interaction plays a lead role in building customer relationships”. Explain Customer Information Management (CIM) in this context.

 

4 Explain gap analysis in detail.

 

5 Explain the benefits and opportunities of an effective e-CRM.

 

6 Discuss different customer retention strategies.

 

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MH0057 – Management of Healthcare Human Resources

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SUBJECT CODE & NAME

MH0057 – Management of Healthcare Human Resources

BOOK ID

B1321

CREDIT & MARKS

4 Credits, 60 marks

Q.No

Questions

Marks

Total Marks

1 Discuss management development in healthcare organisations.

 

2 Describe recruitment in healthcare services.

 

3 Explain the objectives of HRM in healthcare.

 

4 Define performance appraisal. Describe the components of performance appraisal.

 

5 Discuss HR audit process.

 

6 What is collective bargaining

 

 

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MH0059 – Quality Management in Healthcare Services

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM/SEMESTER MBADS – (SEM 4/SEM 6) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 4) / PGDISMN (SEM 2)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MH0059 – Quality Management in Healthcare Services

 

BOOK ID B1323
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme

 

1 Explain the principles of quality in healthcare.           

 

Answer : Principles for Health Care

 

If we’re going to fix our economy, we must fix America’s broken healthcare system – we cannot afford to wait. Crushing healthcare costs have made it impossible to strengthen our economy, with families and businesses all struggling to make ends meet. Reforming healthcare means: keeping the healthcare you have, if you like it, seeing the doctor of your choice, increasing the quality of care while decreasing costs and eliminating waste, helping small businesses stay competitive, and reforming the insurance market so you will never face losing your coverage. Now is the time, to guarantee everyone access to quality, affordable healthcare.

Affordability

 

 

 

 

2 Differentiate between Six sigma and Total quality management.

 

Answer : Six Sigma and Total Quality Management in Healthcare        

 

Quality improvement in health care has developed gradually as emerging ideas have been explored and implemented within various clinical and non-clinical settings.  One of the more recent methods of quality improvement which has been introduced into healthcare organizations is Six Sigma.  Six Sigma is “a rigorous set of processes and techniques to measure, improve, and control the quality of care and service based on what is important to the customer (Woodard, 2005, p. 229).”

 

 

 

3 Explain the implementation of QMS in healthcare organisation.

 

Answer : Steps to Creating a Total Quality Management System

  1. Clarify Vision, Mission and Values

Employees need to know how what they do is tied to organizational strategy and objectives which makes it important that all employees understand where the organization is headed (its vision), what it hopes to accomplish (mission) and the operational principles (values) that will steer its priorities and decision making.

 

  1. Identify Critical Success Factors (CSF)

Critical success factors help an organization focus on those things that help it meet objectives and move a little closer to achieving its mission.  These performance based measures provide a gauge for determining how well the organization is meeting objectives.

 

 

 

 

 

4 Define accreditation and certification. List the benefits of accreditation and certification of hospitals.

 

Answer :  Certification and Accreditation (C&A or Can) is a process for implementing information security. It is a systematic procedure for evaluating, describing, testing and authorizing systems prior to or after a system is in operation. The C&A process is used extensively in the U.S. Federal Government. Some C&A processes include FISMA, NIACAP, DIACAP and DCID 6/3.

NIST Special Publication 800-37, “Guide for Applying the Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems,” transforms the traditional Certification and Accreditation (C&A) process into the six-step Risk management framework (RMF).

Benefits

Accreditation of hospitals or accreditation of specific

 

 

 

  1. Define total quality management. Discuss the importance of TQM in healthcare.

 

Answer : Total quality management :

 

Total Quality Management / TQM is an integrative philosophy of management for continuously improving the quality of products and processes. TQM is based on the premise that the quality of products and processes is the responsibility of everyone involved with the creation or consumption of the products or services which are offered by an organization, requiring the involvement of management, workforce, suppliers, and customers, to meet or exceed customer expectations. Total quality management can be summarized as a management system for a customer-focused organization that involves all employees in continual improvement.

 

 

 

 

6 Discuss the methods of performance evaluation in healthcare services.

 

Answer : : Evaluation can only take place in fertile ground. This means that key actors should have an appreciation of the analysis enterprise and a desire to use analysis as a tool for decision-making. In addition, there needs to be active discussion between the evaluator and decision-makers about what new knowledge is to be developed and what research questions and operational definitions of key concepts will be used in the evaluation. (An operational definition is one which identifies objective and measurable variables as being

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MH0058 – Legal Aspects in Healthcare Administration

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ASSIGNMENT

 

 

DRIVE WINETR SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM MBA (Sem 4), MBADS (Sem 4 / Sem 6), PGDHSMN (Sem 2)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MH0058 – Legal Aspects in Healthcare Administration
SEMESTER 4
BK ID B1322
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

Q1.What is professional secrecy? Discuss the exceptions to the rule of confidentiality.

 

Answer : Someone who is bound by professional secrecy cannot tell anyone what has been entrusted to him or what he has found out in the execution of his duties.The oath of secrecy of medical doctors, lawyers, notaries etc. can be lifted by a judge in view of the common good. The professional secrecy of a Roman Catholic priest, including the secret of the confessional, cannot be lifted by a judge (only by the Pope). Student Chaplain Mark-Robin Hoogland cp is a Roman Catholic priest. Hence he is not accountable to the University or anyone as for the content of the conversations.

 

 

 

Q2.Explain the following concepts:

  1. Accountability to patients

Answer : Comprising physicians from around the state and numerous specialties, and including legal experts and patient safety advocates from the consumer and hospital arenas, the Workgroup has crafted a long-term strategy to achieve these ends:

Goal:

To pursue as a high priority and as an important component of health care reform, the re-design of patient safety systems through approaches that unify all stakeholders in health care delivery and make Colorado the safest state in the nation in which to receive medical care.

 

 

 

  1. Vicarious liability 5+5=10 marks(350-400 words)

Answer : Vicarious liability is a form of strict, secondary liability that arises under the common law doctrine of agency – respondent superior – the responsibility of the superior for the acts of their subordinate, or, in a broader sense, the responsibility of any third party that had the “right, ability or duty to control” the activities of a violator. It can be distinguished from contributory liability, another form of secondary liability, which is rooted in

 

 

Q3 .Which are the 3 types of inquest’s in India ? Explain.1+9=10 marks(350-400 words)

Answer : An inquest is a judicial inquiry in common law jurisdictions, particularly one held to determine the cause of a person’s death.[1] Conducted by a judge, jury, or government official, an inquest may or may not require an autopsy carried out by a coroner or medical examiner. Generally, inquests are only conducted upon deaths which are suspicious, due to violence, involving law enforcement officials, or of persons held

 

  1. Define abortion. Explain medical termination of pregnancy act in detail.

Answer : Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability.[ A abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is usually called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy.

Abortion, when induced in the developed world in accordance with local law, is among the safest procedures in medicine.

Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTP)

 

 

 

Q.5 Explain medical negligence. List the various rights and responsibilities of the patient.

 

Answer : WHAT IS MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE?

The medical profession is considered a noble profession because it helps in preserving life. We believe life is God given. Thus, a doctor figures in the scheme of God as he stands to carry out His command. A patient generally approaches a doctor/hospital based on his/its reputation. Expectations of a patient are two-fold: doctors and hospitals are expected to provide medical treatment with all the knowledge and skill at their command and secondly they will not do anything to harm the patient in any manner either because of their negligence, carelessness, or reckless attitude of their staff.

 

 

6 Discuss the important documents and ethical codes in medical ethics.

Answer: Important documents in medical ethics :

 

There are various medical records which are important according to the codes of medical ethics. These need to be well organized and up to date. The most common types of medical records that needs to be maintained are :

 

  • Patient History and Physical examination report
  • Consultation report

 

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