Subject : Strategic Management

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National Institute of Business Management

Chennai – 020

SECOND SEMESTER EMBA/MBA

 

Subject : Strategic Management

 

 

Attend any 4 questions.  Each question carries 25 marks

(Each answer should be of minimum 2 pages / of 300 words)

 

 

QUESTION 1.Explain the setting of rights priorities and objectives for business strategy planning.

 

Answer :Strategic planning is crucial to profitable business growth, but companies typically realise only about 63% of their business strategy’s potential financial value because of defects and breakdowns in strategic planning and implementation. Put another way, the opportunity value of getting your strategic plan execution right is huge!

 

While setting priorities, never give in to the temptation to clear up small things first. Don’t start at the bottom of your list and work up to the

 

QUESTION 2.How can congruence be achieved? Discuss budgets and rewards.

Answer :

 

 

 

QUESTION 3.Describe how the operating plan addresses the key issues of a business strategy to improve productivity.

Answer :

 

QUESTION 4.Explain the growth of E-Business in India.

 

Answer :eBusiness (e-Business), or Electronic Business, is the administration of conducting business via the Internet. This would include the buying and selling of goods and services, along with providing technical or customer support through the Internet. e-Business is a term often used in conjunction with e-commerce, but includes services in addition to the sale of goods.

 

Electronic business, or e-business, is the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in support of all the activities of business. Commerce constitutes the exchange of products and services between businesses, groups and

 

QUESTION 5.Does strategic management work? Examine.

 

Answer :Strategic Management

 

Strategic management is a technique you can use to create a favorable future and help your organization to prosper. To create this favorable future, you must involve your organization’s stakeholders (i.e., anyone with a vested interest in achieving your organization’s goals) in envisioning the most desirable future and then in working together to make this vision a reality. The key to strategic management is to understand that people communicating and working together will create this future, not some words written down on paper.

 

 

 

QUESTION 6.Write an essay on ‘Why Strategies fail’?

 

Answer : It’s not just the methodology. Here are five reasons strategy fails in small businesses, in midsize businesses, and in large enterprises:

 

  1. The Blame Game

How many times have you seen a strategy move into execution, then fail? Typically, the postmortem involves blame. It was poor leadership. We didn’t execute correctly. We had bad market data. Our customers decided they wanted something else. The timing was off. There are hundreds more, and you’ve heard many of them.

 

 

 

25 x 4=100 marks

 

 

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National Institute of Business Management

Chennai – 020

EMBA/ MBA

 

Elective: Oil and Gas Management  (Part -2)

 

Attend any 4 questions.  Each question carries 25 marks

(Each answer should be of minimum 2 pages / of 300 words)

 

 

  1. Explain the three most common fiscal regimes used in the development of oil resources:

royalty/tax systems (typically described as concessions) and the two primary contractual systems used—service agreements and production sharing agreements.

 

Answer:

 

 

  1. Discuss different forces that has driven many changes to the financing of the oil and gas industry..

 

Answer:An ongoing shift in global economic activity from developed to developing economies, accompanied by growth in the number of consumers in emerging markets, are the global developments that executives around the world view as the most important for business and the most positive for their own companies’ profits over

 

 

  1. A project must possess four basic properties in order to be a good prospect for project financing. Explain the project characteristics w.r.t. oil industry..

 

Answer:

 

  1. Explain the financial needs, sources, and management of the oil and gas industry.

 

Answer:The oil and gas industry is preparing for radical change in the energy industry driven by macro trends out of its control.  This forces oil and gas companies to look for reserves in increasingly unconventional locations and using unconventional methods. This requires entirely new assets that are complex to build and operate. To tap into unconventional sources of crude oil and respond to the growing demand for mitigating climate impact, oil and gas players need increasingly sophisticated refineries. In addition, diversification of the energy portfolio with alternatives is a must. This drives complexity in terms of

 

 

 

  1. Unlike the global oil industry, the global natural gas industry is in its infancy. Explain.

 

Answer:There are a number of factors that may act on the future development of wind power.  There is no doubt that it is an attractive replacement for coal or gas-fired electricity generation, at least within the limits imposed by the inherent variability of wind power.  If that limitation can be addressed, either through cheaper energy storage techniques to bridge periods of low wind or smart grids that can tolerate larger amounts of variable power, a significant constraint to rapid and extensive wind development may be removed.  The other potential constraint is the ever-present threat of oil and natural gas

 

 

  1. The value of crude oil is a function of the value of the products that are refined. Discuss.

 

Answer:Crude oil is pumped from the ground in the Middle East (e.g., Saudi Arabian Arab Light), West Africa (e.g., Nigerian Bonny Light), the Americas, and Asia (Russia), pumped into ships called tankers, and sailed across the ocean to oil refineries on the Delaware River.  Refining is the complex series of processes that manufactures finished petroleum products out of crude oil. While refining begins as simple distillation (by heating and separating), refiners must use more sophisticated additional processes and equipment in order

 

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Elective: Oil and Gas Management (Part -1)

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National Institute of Business Management

Chennai – 020

EMBA/ MBA

 

Elective: Oil and Gas Management  (Part -1)

 

Attend any 4 questions.  Each question carries 25 marks

(Each answer should be of minimum 2 pages / of 300 words)

 

  1. Explain Why Oil and Gas play a vital role in the global economy..

 

Answer:Oil has been the world’s major commercial energy source for many decades and the consensus view is that it will maintain this leading role well into the 21st century.

 

The pre-eminence of oil has run in parallel with the massive economic advances made in the 20th century and on into the 21st century. It is estimated that industrial production grew by around 50 times during the last century and that four-fifths of this growth happened in the second half of the century, starting with the reconstruction period after the second world war.

 

This resulted in an enormous increase in energy

 

 

 

  1. Discuss the differences between publicly traded IOCs and state-controlled NOCs and their strategic goals.

 

Answer:

 

  1. Explain the role that the oil and gas industry plays in domestic politics.

 

Answer:shortage of functioning production equipments, lack of modern technology etc. as result of which over 16, 000 oil wells were lying idle in the USSR as a whole. The position of natural gas was somewhat better although in 1991 output had slightly declined. The Soviet Union had already emerged as the foremost with regard to natural gas reserves in the world. The CAS had also been identified as the most

 

 

  1. Explain the marketing and sales of refined petroleum products.

 

Answer:Like other sectors of the oil and gas business, the marketing and distribution of petroleum products takes place on a vast, global scale. Every day, hundreds of millions of companies and individuals buy these products at wholesale or directly from retail outlets that number in the hundreds of thousands worldwide. If we include indirect users of petroleum products, the number of consumers runs into the billions.

 

Refined product markets are different from crude oil markets (see Petroleum Online module titled, “Marketing & Trading of Crude Oil”) in a number

 

 

  1. Discuss the main elements of cost advantage in upstream oil and gas production.

 

Answer:Upstream companies are witnessing revenues drying up and profit margins shrinking as a result of lower crude oil price realization. If the price of oil continues to drop or stays depressed for a long period, some of these companies may find it unprofitable to run their businesses.In this environment, it has become imperative for oil explorers and producers to manage their costs in order to maintain economical return from investment. In this series, we’ll discuss why some companies are better prepared than others to

 

  1. There are a number of additional risks that need to be considered in any prospective oil or gas development project, often separated into precompletion, postcompletion, and macroeconomic risk.. Explain the risks.

 

Answer:

 

 

 

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MIT109 – Software Engineering

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM Master of Science in Information Technology (MSc. IT)
SEMESTER 1
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MIT109 – Software Engineering
BK ID B0808 & B0809
CREDITS 4
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1. What is Object –oriented design? Write any three characteristics of an object-oriented design (OOD).

 

Answer: Object Oriented Design is the concept that forces programmers to plan out their code in order to have a better flowing program. The origins of object oriented design is debated, but the first languages that supported it included Simula and SmallTalk. The term did not become popular until Grady Booch wrote the first paper titled Object-Oriented Design, in 1982.

 

Object Oriented Design is defined as a programming language that has 5 conceptual tools to aid the programmer. These programs are often more readable than non-object oriented programs, and debugging becomes easier with locality.

 

 

 

 

Question. 2. Write a short note on Capability Maturity Model.

 

Answer: The Capability Maturity Model (CMM)[1] is a development model created after study of data collected from organizations that contracted with the U.S. Department of Defense, who funded the research. The term “maturity” relates to the degree of formality and optimization of processes, from ad hoc practices, to formally defined steps, to managed result metrics, to active optimization of the processes.

 

The model’s aim is to improve existing software development processes, but it can also be applied to other processes.

 

Maturity model: A maturity model can be viewed as

 

 

Question. 3. Briefly explain Prototyping Model.

 

Answer: The basic idea here is that instead of freezing the requirements before a design or coding can proceed, a throwaway prototype is built to understand the requirements. This prototype is developed based on the currently known requirements. By using this prototype, the client can get an “actual feel” of the system, since the interactions with prototype can enable the client to better understand the requirements of the desired system.  Prototyping is an attractive idea for complicated and large systems for which there is no manual process or existing system to help determining the requirements.

 

The prototype are usually not complete systems and many of the details are not built in the prototype. The goal is to provide a system with overall functionality.

 

 

 

Question. 4. What are the limitations of the linear sequential model?

 

Answer: Linear Sequential Model/Waterfall Model/Classic Life Cycle : The linear sequential model, sometimes called the classic life cycle or the waterfall model, suggests a systematic, sequential approach to software development that begins at the system level and progresses through communication, planning, modeling, construction and deployment. The following given figure illustrates the linear sequential model for software engineering.

 

 

(i) Communication : This activity involves heavy communication with customers and other stakeholders in order to gather requirements and other related activities.

(ii) Planning : Here a plan to be followed will be created which will describe the technical tasks to be conducted, risks, required resources, work schedule etc.

 

 

Question. 5. What is Verification and Validation? Briefly explain Validation Testing and Validation Test Criteria.

 

Answer: In software project management, software testing, and software engineering, verification and validation (V&V) is the process of checking that a software system meets specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose. It may also be referred to as software quality control. It is normally the responsibility of software testers as part of the software development lifecycle. In simple terms, software verification is: “Assuming we should build X, does our software actually achieve its goals without any bugs or gaps?” On the other hand,

 

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MIT108 – OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM Master of Science in Information Technology (MSc. IT)
SEMESTER 1
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MIT108 – OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
BK ID B1477
CREDITS 4
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1. Write a short note on Java Buzz words.

 

Answer: Following are the features or buzzwords of Java language which made it popular:

 

Simple:

  • Java easy to learn
  • It is easy to write programs using Java
  • Expressiveness is more in Java.
  • Most of the complex or confusing features in C++ are removed in Java like pointers etc..

 

 

 

 

Question. 2. Differentiate Break and Continue statements in Java with example program.

 

Answer: break and continue in Java are two essential keyword beginners needs to familiar while using loops ( for loop, while loop and do while loop). break statement in java is used to break the loop and transfers control to the line immediate outside of loop while continue is used to escape current execution and transfers control back to start of the loop. Both break and continue allows programmer to create sophisticated algorithm and

 

 

Question. 3. Differentiate between packages and Interfaces.

 

Answer: There is a huge difference between packages and interfaces.  A package is a scoping mechanism for classes within a group.  So that the names used for classes in one package do not conflict with the names (even if they are the same) of classes and public methods in another package.

 

Interfaces have nothing to do with scoping… they have to do with having behaviors cross a set of classes outside of an inheritance chain.  Of course, behaviors are shared via inheritance from parent class to child class – but what do you do if you want to share

 

 

Question. 4. What are Applets? What are the restrictions of Applets? Describe about applet class.

 

Answer: A Java applet is a small application which is written in Java or another programming language that compiles to Java bytecode and delivered to users in the form of that bytecode. The user launches the Java applet from a web page, and the applet is then executed within a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) in a process separate from the web browser itself. A Java applet can appear in a frame of the web page, a new application window, Sun’s AppletViewer, or a stand-alone tool for testing applets. Java applets were introduced in the first

 

 

Question. 5. Compare JDBC and ODBC.

 

Answer: ODBC is an open interface which can be used by any application to communicate with any database system, while JDBC is an interface that can be used by Java applications to access databases. Therefore, unlike JDBC, ODBC is language independent. But by using JDBC-to-ODBC bridge Java applications can also talk to any ODBC compliant database.

 

  • Multithread: JDBC is multi-threaded – ODBC is not multi-threaded (at least not thread safe)
  • Flexibility: ODBC is a windows-specific technology – JDBC is specific to Java, and is therefore supported on whatever OS supports Java

 

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MIT107 – DATA & FILE STRUCTURES

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM Master of Science in Information Technology (MSc. IT)
SEMESTER 1
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MIT107 – DATA & FILE STRUCTURES
BK ID B1476
CREDITS 4
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1. Briefly explain any two mathematical functions.

 

Answer: In mathematics, a function or groups of functions are important enough to deserve their own names. This is a listing of articles which explain some of these functions in more detail. There is a large theory of special functions which developed out of statistics and mathematical physics. A modern, abstract point of view contrasts large function spaces, which are infinite-dimensional and within which most functions are ‘anonymous’, with special functions picked out by properties such as symmetry, or relationship to harmonic analysis

 

 

 

Question. 2. Define Queue and explain array implementation of the Queue.

 

Answer: Like Stack, Queue is a linear structure which follows a particular order in which the operations are performed. The order is First In First Out (FIFO).  A good example of queue is any queue of consumers for a resource where the

 

Question. 3. Briefly explain the process of converting the general tree to a binary tree.

 

 

Answer: General trees are those in which the number of subtrees for any node is not required to be 0, 1, or 2. The tree may be highly structured and therefore have 3 subtrees per node in which case it is called a ternary tree. However, it is often the case that the number of subtrees for any node may be variable. Some nodes may have 1 or no subtrees, others may have 3, some 4, or any other combination. The ternary tree is just a special case of a general tree (as is true of the binary tree).

 

 

 

 

Question. 4. Explain the Fixed block storage allocation.

 

Answer: Fixed-size blocks allocation, also called memory pool allocation, uses a free list of fixed-size blocks of memory (often all of the same size). This works well for simple embedded systems where no large objects need to be allocated, but suffers from fragmentation, especially with long memory addresses. However, due to the significantly reduced overhead this method can substantially improve performance for objects that need frequent allocation / de-allocation and is often used in video games.

 

Fixed-size blocks allocation, also called memory pool allocation, uses a free list of fixed-size blocks of memory (often all of the same size). This

 

 

Question. 5. What is the use of external Storage Devices? Explain any one external storage device.

 

Answer: In computing, external storage comprises devices that temporarily store information for transporting from computer to computer. Such devices are not permanently fixed inside a computer.

 

Semiconductor memories are not sufficient to provide the whole storage capacity required in computers. The major limitation in using

 

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MC0088- DATA MINING

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL – 2016
PROGRAM MCA(REVISED FALL 2007)
SEMESTER 6
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MC0088- DATA MINING
BK ID B1009
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question. 1. Differentiate between Data Mining and Data Warehousing.

 

Answer: Data warehousing is about the STORING of analytical data in a structure suitable for data mining.  This analytical data is extracted from the operational systems usually on a daily basis.

 

Data mining is a set of techniques used to search, retrieve and analyze data from a data warehouse (or other data storage mechanism) to answer

 

 

Question. 2. What are the key features of a Data Warehouse? Explain.

 

Answer: Data warehouse can be defined as ‘Structural Repository’ of historic data. It is developed in evolutionary process by integrating the data from non integrated systems like text files, excel sheets, databases(The same is shown in the diagram below.)

 

 

 

 

 

Question. 3. Differentiate between Data Integration and Transformation.

 

Answer: ETL is a type of data integration and involves an architecture that extracts, transforms and then loads data in a target database or file. Other forms of data integration include ELT (Extract, Load and Transform) or ELTL or EII. There is also manual data integration where a user exports a database table and imports it into another database. ETL is most commonly used as a name for a specific type of data integration tool.

 

 

 

Question. 4. Differentiate between database management systems (DBMS) and data mining.

 

Answer: A DBMS (Database Management System) is a complete system used for managing digital databases that allows storage of database content, creation/maintenance of data, search and other functionalities. On the other hand, Data Mining is a field in computer science, which deals with the extraction of previously unknown and interesting information from raw data. Usually, the data used as the input for the Data mining process is stored in databases. Users who are inclined toward statistics use Data Mining. They utilize

 

 

 

Question. 5. Differentiate between K-means and Hierarchical clustering.

 

Answer: There are a number of important differences between k-means and hierarchical clustering, ranging from how the algorithms are implemented to how you can interpret the results.

 

The k-means algorithm is parameterized by the value k, which is the number of clusters that you want to create. As the animation below illustrates, the algorithm begins by creating k centroids. It then iterates between an assign step (where

 

 

 

Question. 6. Differentiate between Web content mining and Web usage mining.

 

Answer: Web mining is a rapid growing research area. It consists of Web usage mining, Web structure mining, and Web content mining. Web usage mining refers to the discovery of user access patterns from Web usage logs. Web structure mining tries to discover useful knowledge from the structure of hyperlinks. Web content mining aims to extract/mine useful information or knowledge from web page contents. This tutorial focuses on Web Content Mining.

 

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