BBA602- Management Development and Skiils

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL SPRING 2015
PROGRAM Bachelors of Business Administration- BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA 602- Management Development and Skiils
SEMESTER 6
BK ID B1892
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

1 What do you mean by Directing? Explain the principles of Directing.

Answer: Directing in an organisation

 

Direction involves the initiation of activities to achieve the goals of organisation. Words like leading, ordering, guiding, etc. convey the same meaning of directing. Directing has been defined by Koontz O’Donnell as, “The interpersonal aspects of managing by which subordinates are led to understand and contribute effectively and efficiently to the attainment of enterprise objectives”.

 

 

 

 

  1. What is Creative Thinking? Discuss the importance of Creative thinking. Explain the process of Creative Thinking.

 

 Answer :  Whether you personally believe it or not, we are all creative by nature. Every last one of us. Think back to when you were a child and there will lay all the proof you need to realize this simple fact.

 

The problem is that creative thinking is something that’s not emphasized or developed enough in secondary education. It’s encouraged in primary school, but slowly discouraged later on as you are taught to follow instruction instead.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Explain the concept of Time Management. Discuss the steps involved in Time Management

Answer :  1. Relax and Remain Composed

Unless you hold some magical power, and if so please enlighten me, everything cannot be finished at once. The first step towards effectively managing time is to take a step back and think clearly. Rushing into any situation without poise can make even the easiest task feel impossible.

2. Construct a Plan and Follow It

A man without a plan is as good as lost

 

 

 

 

4 Suppose you have joined as a Manager in an organization and you are asked to negotiate on a particular issue. What according to you are the principles of Negotiation? Explain the steps in the process of negotiation.

Answer :  Principles of Negotiation

Negotiation is a method by which people settle differences. It is a process by which compromise or agreement is reached while avoiding argument.

 

In any disagreement, individuals understandably aim to achieve the best possible outcome for their position (or perhaps an organisation they represent). However, the principles of fairness, seeking mutual benefit and maintaining a relationship are the keys to a successful outcome.

 

 

 

 

 

5 Discuss the qualities required to become an effective leader.

 

Answer :  Qualities of an effective leader

1.A good leader has an exemplary character. It is of utmost importance that a leader is trustworthy to lead others. A leader needs to be trusted and be known to live their life with honestly and integrity. A good leader “walks the talk” and in doing so earns the right to have responsibility for others. True authority is born from respect for the good character and trustworthiness of the person who leads.

 

 

 

6Write a short note on the following:

 

 

  1. a) Impact Analysis

Answer :  Impact Analysis is a technique designed to unearth the “unexpected” negative effects of a change on an organization.

 

It provides a structured approach for looking

 

 

 

  1. b) Catwoe Analysis

 

Answer:  When to use it

Use it when identifying the problem, to prompt thinking about what you are really trying to achieve.

Use it when seeking to implement the solution, to help consider the impact on the people involved.

 

 

Quick

X

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BBA601 – TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT

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(Spring 2015) Assignment

 

DRIVE BBA
SEMESTER VI
PROGRAM BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (BBA)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA601 – TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1894
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Explain the positive and negative impact of Technology on Business and society.

Answer: On the one hand we all depend on technology for our daily job and needs. We wake up in the morning by the alarm on our mobiles, communicate through those devices and work on computers or even chat and have fun with them. Youngsters can’t even imagine life without all these valuable technological advances.  And indeed technology has benefited our lives greatly.

 

Positive Effects of Technology

 

First of all, people could travel anywhere by the oh-so-fast-developing airplane industry. Luckily, plane tickets and fares become lower, though not as low as people wish, due to the various companies competing with each other. Roads are of

 

 

 

2 What is technology acquisition? Explain the two methods of technology acquisition.

Answer: The technology life-cycle (TLC) describes the commercial gain of a product through the expense of research and development phase, and the financial return during its “vital life”. Some technologies, such as steel, paper or cement manufacturing, have a long lifespan (with minor variations in technology incorporated with time) whilst in other cases, such as electronic or pharmaceutical products, the lifespan may be quite short.

 

The TLC associated with a product or technological service is different from product life-cycle (PLC) dealt with in product life-cycle management. The latter is concerned with the life of a product in the marketplace with respect to timing of introd

 

 

3 List and describe the different characteristics of the various stages in life cycle of technology.

Answer: One: A successful product must be balanced: marketing, technology, and user experience all play critical roles, but one cannot dominate the others.

 

Two: There is a big difference between infrastructure products, which I call non-substitutable goods, and traditional products, substitutable goods. With traditional goods, a company can survive with a stable, but non-dominant market share.

 

  1. a. List the different qualitative technology transfer models

Answer: This model to the valorization of research results is based on the linear innovation paradigm: research generates discoveries; based on these new insights, applications are subsequently conceived and protected by intellectual property

 

 

  1. Explain the Schile, Radnor, and Wad model in details

Answer: Schile model: Water Resources Management (WRM) in Chile is widely known for its 1981 Water Code—written after General Augusto Pinochet took control through a military coup d’état. Free-market mechanisms became the economic philosophy in WRM, including the development of water markets and tradable water

 

 

  1. Draw process model for problem solver model

Answer:

  1. Read the entire problem.
  2. Decide who is involved in the problem.
  3. Decide what is involved in the problem.
  4. Draw unit bars of equal length.
  5. Read each sentence, one at a time.

 

 

  1. a. List the guidelines on the scope of EIA

Answer: Environmental impact assessment is the formal process used to predict the environmental consequences (positive or negative) of a plan, policy, program, or project prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action. Formal impact assessments may be governed by rules of administrative procedure regarding public participation and documentation of decision-making, and may be subject to judicial review. An impact assessment may propose measures to adjust impacts to acceptable levels or to investigate new technological solutions.

 

 

 

 

  1. What are the various issues in the preparation of EIA Report?

Answer:

Screening: First stage of EIA, which determines whether the proposed project, requires an EIA and if it does, then the level of assessment required.

 Scoping: This stage identifies the key issues and impacts that should be further investigated. This stage also defines the boundary and

 

 

 

  1. Identify and explain the tools that have been developed on the basis of specific functions involved in an organization.

Answer: Functions involved in an organization

 

PLANNING

Planning is the function of management that involves setting objectives and determining a course of action for achieving these objectives. Planning requires that managers be aware of environmental conditions facing their organization and forecast future conditions. It also requires that managers be good decision-makers.

 

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MOM705 Assignment SOM (0515)

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INSTRUCTION: Answer ALL questions.

PART A:

TOTAL: 100 Marks (30%)

 

 

Question 1:

 

Companies often locate in other countries to take advantage of low wage rates. However, the difference in labour costs should be adjusted to account for productivity differences among the workers in the two locations. One way to do this is to compute a “relative wage rate” R of operating in another country. Note that R is not the actual wage rate paid, but it is the hourly wage rate of operating in another country relative to the home country, after taking productivity differences into account. If the foreign country’s workers are more productive, R will decrease, and vice-versa. The formula is R = (W ÷ X)(U ÷ F), where W = the foreign wage rate (in foreign currency per hour), X = the exchange rate (in foreign currency per local currency), U = home country  productivity (in units per hour), and F = foreign country productivity (in units per hour). 

 

Suppose that workers in Malaysia earn RM10/hour.  The exchange rate with the Singapore is RM2.6 per $1. Singapore workers can produce 40 units per hour, while Malaysia workers at a similar facility can produce 50 units per hour. If the Singapore wage rate is $14 per hour, should the firm produce in the Singapore or in Malaysia?  Justify your answer. [10 marks]

 

Answer:The master plan has highlighted six important initiatives including inclusiveness cultivation, improving people’s well-being, human capital development, environmentally sustainable growth, public infrastructure improvement, and leveraging on economic growth to a high standard of living.

It laid out clearly policy measures to enhance the country’s macro-economic resilience by raising private investment and consumption and leveraging on new economic growth through productivity and knowledge amidst prudent fiscal policy and

 

 

 

Question 2:

 

The monthly electricity bill at the Ali Restaurant over the past 12 months has been as follows:

 

Month  Jan         Feb        Mar        Apr         May       Jun         Jul           Aug        Sept       Oct         Nov        Dec

Amount (RM)    271.9     305.7     306.4     297.3     315.3     297.2     330.7     300.1     275.5     301.3     279.4     306.6

 

 

Ali is considering using exponential smoothing with α=0.5 or a four period weighted moving average with weights of 0.4, 0.3, 0.2 and 0.1 to forecast future electricity costs.

 

(a)          Which one provides a better forecast? (14 marks)

 

Job-shop production can be very complex and extremely volatile, especially when part variability is high and orders require an increasingly large amount of processing steps. Achieving a manufacturing performance that is robust against volatilities is of great importance in such systems. We therefore develop an early indication system to detect potentially problematic situations (e.g. processing delays) in a job-shop and to forecast a set of key performance indicators with the aim of increasing the robustness of manufacturing

 

 

 

(b)          Give next January’s forecast for each method. (6 marks)

 

The Percent Over Last Year formula multiplies sales data from the previous year by a factor you specify and then projects that result over the next year. This method might be useful in budgeting to simulate the affect of a specified growth rate or when sales history has a significant seasonal component.

 

 

 

 

 

INSTRUCTION: Answer ALL questions.

PART B:

TOTAL: 100 Marks (30%)

 

Question 1:

 

The Hard Rock Cafe has been governed by a guiding service philosophy–‘Love All-Serve All.’ HRC is a place where all have always been welcome, regardless of age, sex, or class. This unconditional welcoming hand, first extended by Messrs.Tigrett and Morton, continues today as integral to Hard Rock’s present and future as it was at its beginnings. HRC is looking to expand further in Asia.

 

 

(i)Discuss features that make the Hard Rock Cafe different from other restaurants, even other themed restaurants.   What are the operations decisions that support these features? [10 marks]

 

Answer:Some companies have a history that stays firmly in the past. We’re fortunate to have a legacy that permeates our present like a classic song, not with nostalgia, but as the reminder of a timeless foundation and simple beginnings.  When you consider we have over 192 locations, which include restaurants, hotels, casinos, and live music venues, in 60 countries, it’s hard to believe that it all started so innocently: the search for a good

 

 

 

(ii) What are important considerations for Hard Rock on the international location decisions as compared to other businesses (say, manufacturing facilities)? [8 mark]

 

Answer:The fourth Hard Rock Cafe to open in India, Hard Rock Cafe New Delhi is located at DLF Place Saket, a vibrant, upscale shopping and leisure destination. Our cafe is ideally situated near luxury hotels and just a short distance from Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport, offering a convenient destination for local fans and international travelers alike. A few popular local attractions you’ll find near our New Delhi cafe include Bahai Temple, which is made of pure white marble and shaped like a lotus flower, and the Garden of Five Senses, a 20-acre park featuring themed areas designed to help visitors socialize and unwind.

 

 

 

Question 2:

 

Qihoo, one of the largest Internet companies in China today, was founded in 2005. The company started its business by offering a security software product, and quickly dominated the market in China after its unusual move of giving its product away for free in 2009. Later, it expanded its offering to cover a broad spectrum of Internet and mobile security products. In 2012 the company launched its own Internet search engine called So.com. By August 2013, So.com captured 18% PC market share, and had posed a threat to Baidu, China’s largest and most established search engine provider. Yet to compete against Baidu and other Chinese Internet giants in the long run, Qihoo needed to find a way to replicate its PC market success in the mobile market.

 

  1. How could Qihoo continue to evolve its search engine business and what is the best mobile strategy to help the company grow? [12 marks]

 

Answer: In china, the most pc users have limited computer knowledge. The ‘virus’,which is the only computer term they heard before。For those entry-level users, they ‘re concerned about anti-virus. Unfortunately, QIHOO provide a famous tool which name is ‘360 safe guard’. At the beginning(2005), this software does have the anti-

 

 

 

END OF QUESTIONS

 

 

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MIB603 Assignment SOM (0515)

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ASSIGNMENT

 

 

TOTAL: 100 Marks (30%)

 

INSTRUCTION: Answer any TWO (2) questions. You may source ideas for your answers from company websites, text books, journals, newspapers, expert reviews, internet sources, interviews with company officials, periodicals etc. Please correctly acknowledge your sources using the APA referencing system.

 

 

 

Question 1

 

  1. i) Explain the nature of international trade and global business.

 

Ans:- I) Nature of international trade and global business:-

 

International trade is the exchange of goodsand services between countries. This type of trade gives rise to a world economy, in which prices, or supply and demand, affect and are affected by global events.

Trading globally gives consumers and countries the opportunity to be exposed to goods and services not available in their own countries.

 

 

 

  1. ii) Discuss the extent of internalization of business in Asia.

 

ANSWER:   Extent of internalization of business in Asia:- Asia, home to over half the world’s population, produces less than 25 percent of the world’s GDP.  Asia is unique in that it is a source of both high- and low-quality products and of both expensive and inexpensive labor.  Further, the region attracts MNC investments, and is a major supplier of

 

 

 

iii)          Describe the various global market places and business centres.

 

ANSWER:  Various global market places and business centres are:-

 

THE MARKETPLACES OF NORTH AMERICA:- The United States, Canada, Mexico, Greenland, the nations of Central America, and the various island nations of the Caribbean make up North America.

 

The United States

 

                The United States is the world’s largest economy. It accounts for 24 percent of the world’s $58.2 trillion GDP (as of 2009). It has the highest per capita income in North America.

  • International trade, although growing in recent years, is

 

 

 

 

 

  1. iv) Critically discuss the implications of Section (i), (iii) and (iii) on the management of your organizations.

 

Answer: Critical reflection in a project means interpreting experiences and data to create new insights and agreement on actions. Without critical reflection, your M&E data will not help you to manage for impact. Active discussion during team meetings and in meetings with primary stakeholders are vital if M&E information is to be shared, analysed and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 3

 

  1. i) Explain the economics of foreign exchange.

 

Answer: The foreign exchange rate is the price of one currency in terms of another. Because the foreign exchange rate compares the currencies of 2 countries, the rate depends on the value of each currency and, thus, on the economies of both countries. There are 3 primary economic factors that affect the foreign exchange rate:

  • The relative purchasing power of each currency;

 

 

 

  1. ii) Describe the structure of foreign exchange markets.

 

Answer: The major participants in the foreign exchange markets are commercial banks;

  • Foreign exchange brokers and other authorized dealers, and the monetary authorities.
  • It is necessary to understand that the commercial banks operate at retail level for individual exporters and corporations as well as at

 

 

iii) Describe international capital markets.

 

Answer: A capital markets is basically a system in which people, companies, and governments with an excess of funds transfer those funds to people, companies, and governments that have a shortage of funds. This transfer mechanism provides an efficient way for those who wish to borrow or invest money to do so. For example, every time someone takes out a loan to buy a car or a house, they are accessing the capital markets. Capital markets carry out the desirable economic function of directing capital to productive uses.

 

 

 

  1. iv) Discuss the implications of Sections (i), (ii), and (iii) on the management of your organization.

 

Answer: In a larger organization, or in one where the director simply can’t handle everything herself, there are creative ways to ensure that everything necessary is accomplished.

The work of the organization

Each day, whether your organization runs programs, provides services, or pursues advocacy, you have to make sure that the right people are in the

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART B:

TOTAL: 100 Marks (30%)

Question 2

 

 

  1. i) Discuss the challenges of International Strategic Management.

 

Answer: International management consists of building an effective strategy, structuring an appropriate organizational design and managing people in a cross-cultural environment. Throughout these activities, companies must handle bureaucratic, technical, political, economic, linguistic, behavioral and cultural differences. Even if a small business does not

 

 

 

  1. ii) Explain the components and levels of International Strategy.

 

Answer: There are mainly three levels of international strategy. They are

  • Corporate Strategy
  • Business Strategy
  • Functional Strategies

Short description of these three are given bellow,

  1. Corporate Strategy: Corporate strategy

 

 

 

iii) Describe the benefits and of pitfalls of Strategic Alliances.

 

Answer: A strategic alliance in business is a business relationship between two or more businesses that enables each to achieve certain strategic objectives neither would be able to achieve on their own. The strategic partners maintain their status as independent and separate entities, share the benefits and control over the partnership, and continue to make contributions to the alliance until it is terminated. Strategic alliances are often formed in the

 

 

 

  1. iv) Explain the ways of implementing strategic alliances.

 

Answer: The Strategic Alliance Process involves planning, implementation and evaluation. An alliance has a five-stage “life cycle,” and a structured methodology is applied to preparation and negotiations at each stage.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. v) Discuss the implications of section (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) on the management of your organizations.

 

Answer: In a larger organization, or in one where the director simply can’t handle everything herself, there are creative ways to ensure that everything necessary is accomplished.

The work of the organization

Each day, whether your organization runs programs, provides services, or pursues advocacy, you have to make sure that the right people are in the

 

 

 

 

 

Question 3

 

  1. i) Explain the characteristics and elements of culture.

 

Answer: Seven Elements of culture are

SOCIAL ORGANIZATION

  • Creates social structure by organizing its members into small units to meet basic needs.
  • Family Patterns: family is the most important unit of social organization. Through the family children learn how they are expected to

 

 

 

  1. ii) Describe the dimensions of culture.

 

Answer: Often this goes well, and the cultural differences are interesting and enriching. However, sometimes things go wrong, for reasons that we may not understand.

  • Universalism versus particularism.
  • Individualism versus communitarianism.
  • Specific versus diffuse.

 

 

 

iii) Discuss how cultural differences impact on International Management.

 

Answer: Right across industry, the attitude of senior management to their corporate affairs is evolvingin response to the globalisation of business, the spread of information technologies, thegrowth of shareholder activism and increased intrusiveness of international and nationalgovernments in key areas of business management.

 

 

 

  1. iv) Discuss the implication of section (i), (ii), and (iii) on the management of your organizations.

 

Answer: In a larger organization, or in one where the director simply can’t handle everything herself, there are creative ways to ensure that everything necessary is accomplished.

The work of the organization

Each day, whether your organization runs programs, provides services, or pursues advocacy, you have to make sure that the right people are in the right places at the right times to do the work of the organization. In addition, someone has to carry out the everyday procedures (record keeping, attention to how well particular techniques are working, etc.)

 

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BT9402, Artificial Intelligence

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ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER SIXTH
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT9402, Artificial Intelligence
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1367
MAX.MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

1 Explain the first and second principle of AI.

 

Answer: The field of artificial intelligence, or AI, attempts to understand intelligent entities. Thus, one reason to study it is to learn more about ourselves. But unlike philosophy and psychology, which are also concerned with intelligence, AI strives to build intelligent entities as well as understand them. Another reason to study AI is that these constructed intelligent entities are interesting and useful in their own right. AI has produced many significant and impressive products even at this early stage in its development. Although no one can predict the future in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 Explain knowledge representations with an example.

 

Answer: Knowledge representation is defined as a problem to solve or a task to carry out, as well as what constitutes a solution, is only given informally, such as “deliver parcels promptly when they arrive” or “fix whatever is wrong with the electrical system of the house.”

 

 

The general framework for solving problems by computer is given in Figure 1.4. To solve a problem, the designer of a system must

  • Flesh out the task and determine what constitutes a solution;
  • Represent the problem in a language with which a computer can reason;
  • Use the computer to compute an output, which is

 

 

3 Explain the Inheritance and Reification in semantic networks.

 

Answer: A semantic network, or frame network, is a network which represents semantic relations between concepts. This is often used as a form of knowledge representation. It is a directed or undirected graph consisting of vertices, which represent concepts, and edges.

 

Reification is the process by which an abstract idea about a computer program is turned into an explicit data model or other object created in a programming language. A computable/addressable object — a resource — is created in a system as a proxy for a non computable/addressable object. By means of reification, something that was previously implicit,

 

 

 

4 Explain the two principal parts of an expert system.

 

Answer: Expert Systems are computer programs that are derived from a branch of computer science research called Artificial Intelligence (AI). AI’s scientific goal is to understand intelligence by building computer programs that exhibit intelligent behavior. It is concerned with the concepts and methods of symbolic inference, or reasoning, by a computer, and how the knowledge used to make those inferences will be represented inside the machine. AI programs that achieve expert-level competence in solving problems in task areas by bringing to bear a body

 

 

 

 

 

5 Describe the factors affecting learning performance of a system.

 

Answer: It is important to distinguish between learning (including conditioning) and performance. The phenomena of cognitive maps and of latent learning both demonstrate that something may be learned but not shown until later.

 

Factors that influence learning: Several factors may affect learning.

  • Learning generally increases with increased amount of practice or training. Practice alone, however, is not enough. Classical

 

 

 

 

6 Briefly explain the hardware requirements for designing a robot.

 

Answer: Here are the features that robot should be designed:

  • It should be a vehicle that can move forward, backwards and turn.
  • It should be easy to assemble and disassemble.
  • It should have a mode in which it is able to move on its own, detecting obstacles ahead and avoiding them.

 

 

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BT9301, Computer Graphics

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Assignment

DRIVE SPRING 2015
PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER SIXTH
SEMESTER CODE & NAME BT9301, Computer Graphics
BK ID B0810
CREDIT 4
MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

  1. Draw and explain the diagram of a Raster scan system with a display processor. Explain each unit of the diagram.

Answer:  Answer: A raster scan, or raster scanning, is the rectangular pattern of image capture and reconstruction in television. By analogy, the term is used for raster graphics, the pattern of image storage and transmission used in most computer bitmap image systems. The word raster comes from the Latin word rastrum (a rake), which is derived from radere (to scrape); see also rastrum, an instrument for drawing musical staff lines. The pattern left by the lines of a rake, when drawn straight, resembles the parallel lines of a raster: this line-by-line scanning is what creates a raster. It is a systematic process of covering the area progressively

 

 

2 Write and explain midpoint circle drawing algorithm.

Answer:  Algorithm: The objective of the algorithm is to find a path through the pixel grid using pixels which are as close as possible to solutions of x2 + y2 = r2. At each step, the path is extended by choosing the adjacent pixel which satisfies x2 + y2 <= r2 but maximizes x2 + y2 . Since the candidate pixels are adjacent, the arithmetic to calculate the latter expression is simplified, requiring only bit shifts and additions.

 

This algorithm starts with the circle equation. For simplicity, assume the center of the circle is at (0,0). We consider first only the first octant and draw

 

 

 

3 What do you mean by polygon filling? Explain flood fill algorithm for polygon filling.

 

Answer: Algorithm that determines the area connected to a given node in a multi-dimensional array. It is used in the “bucket” fill tool of paint programs to determine which parts of a bitmap to fill with color, and in puzzle games such as Minesweeper, Puyo Puyo, Lumines, Samegame and Magical Drop for determining which pieces are cleared. When applied on an image to fill a particular bounded area with color, it is also known as boundary fill.

 

Alternative Improved Algorithm

 

 

 

 

4 Write Liang Barkey’s line clipping algorithm. Write advantages of it.

 

 

Answer: Applet displays result of Liang-Barsky’s Line Clipping Algorithm solution. There is initial line and clipping rectangle projected. The clipped part of initial line is highlighted by bolder and more contrast color. Interactivity affords to change parameters (positions of outer points and cornes) of initial line and clipping rectangle comfortably using mouse functionality:

  • Finding and marking closest flexible point

 

 

 

5 What is shear? Explain X shear and Y shear.

 

Answer: Shear: Shearing in continuum mechanics refers to the occurrence of a shear strain, which is a deformation of a material substance in which parallel internal surfaces slide past one another. It is induced by a shear stress in the material. Shear strain is distinguished from volumetric strain, the change in a material’s volume in response to stress.

 

Often, the verb shearing refers more specifically to a

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Derive the 3-D transformation matrix to transform world coordinates to viewing coordinates.

Answer:  Answer:  A method of computing the 3D viewing transformation which transforms the right-hand world coordinate system to left-hand eye coordinate system is presented. he initial viewing parameters are choosen so as to be able to give an unrestricted view of the scene. In practice, however, some simplifications are most often used as default viewing parameters.

 

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BT0092, Software Project Management

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ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER SIXTH
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT0092, Software Project Management
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1363
MAX.MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Q.1 Define software cost estimation process. Why it is required?

 

Answer: Software projects are notorius for going past their deadline, going over budget, or both. The problem lies in the estimation of the amount of effort required for the development of a project. The cost estimation is usually dependent upon the size estimate of the project, which may use lines of code or function points as metrics.

 

Process:

 

Defining Cost Estimation: Cost estimation can be

 

 

 

 

Q.2 A project has been defined to contain the following list of activities along with their required times for completion

 

Activity No Activity Expected completion time Dependency
1 Requirements collection 5
2 Screen design 6 1
3 Report design 7 1
4 Database design 2 2,3
5 User documentation 6 4
6 Programming 5 4
7 Testing 3 6
8 Installation 1 5,7

 

 

  1. Draw the PERT chart for the activities.
  2. Calculate the earliest expected completed time
  3. Show the critical path.

 

Answer: PERT chart: Using information from the table, indicate expected completion time for each activity.

 

 

 

 

  1. 3 Define risk assessment. Explain the elements of risk assessment and risk control.

 

Answer: The aim of the risk assessment process is to remove a hazard or reduce the level of its risk by adding precautions or control measures, as necessary. By doing so, you have created a safer and healthier workplace. Assessments should be done by a competent team of individuals who have a good working knowledge of the workplace. Staff should be involved always include supervisors and workers who work with the process under review as they are the most familiar with the operation.

 

In general, to do an assessment, we should:

  • Identify hazards.
  • Evaluate the likelihood of an injury or illness occurring

 

 

  1. 4 What is conflict management? How do we remove conflicts among team members?

 

Answer: Conflict management is the process of limiting the negative aspects of conflict while increasing the positive aspects of conflict. The aim of conflict management is to enhance learning and group outcomes, including effectiveness or performance in organizational setting. Properly managed conflict can improve group outcomes.

 

Resolving Conflict with Team Members:

 

 

 

  1. 5 What are the qualities for which an SQE (Software Quality Engineering) evaluation is to be done? Describe all.

 

Answer: Software quality measures how well software is designed, and how well the software conforms to that design although there are several different definitions. It is often described as the ‘fitness for purpose’ of a piece of software.

 

  • Be Skeptical: Don’t believe that the build

 

 

  1. 6 Describe briefly the activities of software reeengineering with diagram.

 

Answer: Most of the software we depend on today is average 10 to 15 years old. Even when these programs were created using the best design and coding techniques known at the time(and most were not), they were created when program size and storage space were principle concerns. They were then migrated to new platforms. Adjusted for changes in machine and operating system technology. Enhanced to meet new users. “The result is poorly designed structures, poor coding, poor logic and poor documentation”

 

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