BBA 402 – MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM BBA/ SEMESTER II
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA 402 – MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING
BK ID B1713
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question. 1. Differentiate between :

 

  1. a) Standard Costing and Budgetary Control

 

Answer:Although budgetary control and standard costing both are based on some common principles; both are pre-determined, comparison will be made with the actual costs and both system need a revision of the standards or the budget, these two systems have certain differences which are as follows:

 

  1. Budgetary control deals with the operation

 

  1. b) Estimated Cost, Historical Cost and Standard Cost

 

Answer:Estimates are the expressions of of opinion based upon past experiences whereas the standard costs are based upon standard rate that are very carefully developed and set as scientifically as possible. However, both estimated costs and standard costs are related to future period of time but there are some significant

 

 

 

Question. 2. Explain the method to prepare a Fund Flow Statement.

Give an example of Fund Flow Statement.

 

Answer:STEPS IN PREPARATION OF FUND FLOW STATEMENT 

 

  1. Preparation of fund flow statement
  2. Preparation of statement of changes in working capital.
  • Preparation of adjusted profits and loss account (to find out fund from operation or fund lost in operation)

 

 

Question. 3. It is estimated that for producing one unit of product X, 10 lbs. of materials are consumed.

 

The standard price per lb of materials is Re. 0.50. During the month of June, 30,000 lbs.of materials were used for producing 2,900 units of X.

 

The actual price of materials was Re. 0.48 per lb.

* Calculate the variances.

 

Compute :

Material Cost Variance

Material Price Variance

Material Usage Variance

 

Answer:Direct material:

Price variance = ($14 $12) x 2,500 = $5,000 (U)

Quantity variance = [2,500 (600 x 5)] x $12 = $6,000 (F)

Flexiblebudget variance = $5,000 (U) + $6,000 (F) = $1,000 (F)

Direct labor:

Price variance = ($13 $14) x 1,550 = $1,550 (

 

 

 

Question. 4. Given the Balance Sheet of a Company as under

 

Liabilities  Rs.  Assets  Rs.  
 Equity shares of Rs. 10 each  10,00,000  Fixed Assets  15,00,000  
 General Reserves  2,00,000  Stock  5,00,000  
 7 % Debentures  3,00,000  Receivables  4,00,000  
 Term Loan from X Bank  5,00,000  Cash  1,00,000  
 Overdraft  2,00,000  
 Creditors and Bills  3,00,000  
 25,00,000  25,00,000  

 

Calculate :

  1. i) Current ratio
  2. ii) Quick ratio

iii) Debt-equity ratio

  1. iv) Proprietary ratio
  2. v) Solvency ratio

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question. 5. What is Transfer Pricing ? Explain Transfer Pricing options.

 

Answer:Transfer pricing is the setting of the price for goods and services sold between controlled (or related) legal entities within an enterprise. For example, if a subsidiary company sells goods to a parent company, the cost of those goods paid by the parent to the subsidiary is the transfer price. Legal entities considered under the control of a single corporation include companies that are wholly or majority owned ultimately by the parent corporation. Certain jurisdictions consider entities to be under common control if they share family members on their boards of directors. Transfer pricing can be used as a profit allocation method to

 

 

Question. 6. Given S.P (p.u.) Rs. 100, V.C. (p.u.) Rs. 50, Total Fixed Cost : Rs. 1, 00, 000find : i) BEP ; ii) P/V Ratio ; iii) Sales required to earn profit of Rs. 50,000 andiv) New BEP if S.P. is reduced by 15 % due to competition.

 

From the above calculate :

  1. i) BEP
  2. ii) P/V Ratio

iii) Sales required to earn profit of Rs. 50,000

  1. iv) New BEP if S.P. is reduced by 15 % due to competition

 

 

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BBA 403 – International marketing

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM Bachelor of Business Administration- BBA
SEMESTER 4
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA 403 – International marketing
BK ID B1714
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question.1. Define International Marketing? Explain the benefits of International marketing.

 

Answer:Essentially, international marketing encompasses the strategy to market outside your own domestic market. Global marketing overlaps with international marketing in concept, however treats the world as one market versus individual market segments.

 

Either way, the benefits of marketing internationally are far reaching. As aviation is also one of my favorite topics, I’ll use it to illustrate this further:

 

 

Question.2. Write a Meaning and Characteristics of Culture in detail?

 

Answer:Culture is the Centre of a society and without culture no society can even exist. It is the main difference between human beings and animals. It is a heritage transmitted from one generation to another. It includes all the ways and behaviors is social life. Man is born in the environment of culture, in which he seeks his way of behaving and acting in a given society.

 

 

Question.3. Furnish the characteristics of sampling and briefly discuss the various methods of sampling.

 

Answer:In psychological research we are interested in learning about large groups of people who all have something in common. We call the group that we are interested in studying our ‘target population’.

 

 

 

Question.4. Explain the components of the products as a three tiered structure presented by Philip Kotler and Important product decisions in international marketing.

 

Answer:The diagram below shows the three levels that make up the total product concept

 

 

 

 

Level One: Core Product: Level one is the most basic level and simply looks at what people set out to buy and what benefits the producer would like their product to offer buyers. For example a camera is expected to take pictures but there may be other benefits that the producer wants the buyer to enjoy such as a wide lens, face recognition and

 

 

Question.5. What are the different strategies adopted by the marketer while fixing the price for the product?

 

Answer:Some of the important types of pricing strategies normally adopted by firm are as follows:

 

  1. Pricing a New Product:Pricing is a crucial managerial decision. Most companies do not encounter it in a major way on a day-to-day basis. But there is need to follow certain additional guidelines in the pricing of the new product. The marketing of a new,’ product poses a problem for any firm because new products have no past information.

 

 

Question.6. Explain Buying decision in e marketing.

 

Answer:The buyer decision process represents a number of stages that the purchaser will go through before actually making the final purchase decision. The consumer buyer decision process and the business/organisational buyer decision process are similar to each other. Obviously core to this process is the fact that the purchase is generally of value in monetary terms and that the consumer/business will take time to actually assess alternatives. For FMCG (Fast Moving Consumer Goods) the purchase decision process tends to be

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BBA 304 – ADVERTISING AND SALES MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM BBA/ SEMESTER III
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA 304 – ADVERTISING AND SALES MANAGEMENT
BK ID B1598
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question.1. Who are the key players of advertising?

 

  1. The advertiser
  2. The advertising agency
  3. The media
  4. The vendor
  5. The audience

 

Answer:Answer is “The advertiser”

 

As part of an overall marketing strategy, some companies turn to an advertising agency to develop an advertising campaign. Ad agencies combine their creative and research expertise with the input of the client to develop a campaign that appeals to customers. When used properly, an ad agency can save you the time of creating your own campaign, can provide market and industry expertise, and can help you increase revenue or improve brand recognition.

 

History: Advertising agencies started in the late

 

 

Question.2. Explain the various promotional tools of Integrated Marketing Communication (IMC).

  1. Advertising
  2. Direct marketing
  3. Sales promotion
  4. Public Relations
  5. Publicity
  6. Personal selling
  7. Internet marketing

 

Answer:Integrated Marketing Communication tools refer to integrating various marketing tools such as advertising, online marketing, public relation activities, direct marketing, sales campaigns to promote brands so that similar message reaches a wider audience. Products and services are promoted by effectively integrating various brand communication tools.

 

To implement integrated marketing communication, it is essential for the organizations to communicate effectively with the clients. You need to

 

 

Question.3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of newspaper as a medium of advertising?

 

Answer:Newspapers have a strong tradition of delivering accurate, reliable news, but they are increasingly viewed as outdated. Newspapers employ reporters who know how to uncover basic facts about important stories. Online resources, however, are increasingly filling this role.

 

Many people are lamenting the so-called demise of newspapers. Newspapers cost money to produce, and most are only printed once per day. As a result, they cannot deliver breaking news, and people interested in the latest stories will often turn to cable television or the Internet. Newspapers are being assaulted from multiple fronts, and many

 

 

Question.4. Indicate the emerging trends in Sales Management with a futuristic approach.

 

Answer:To be successful in a changing market environment, it is important that sales managers understand the importance of emerging trends in the following areas

Global Perspective

Global competition is intensifying. Domestic companies who never thought about foreign competitors are suddenly finding them in their backyard. This is a challenge which sales managers and salesperson must take on, they have to improve

 

 

 

 

Question.5. Explain the concept of AIDAS Model.

  1. Attention
  2. Interest
  3. Desire
  4. Action
  5. Satisfaction

 

Answer:AIDA is an acronym that stands for Awareness, Interest, Desire and Action. The AIDA model is widely used in marketing and advertising to describe the steps or stages that occur from the time when a consumer first becomes aware of a product or brand through to when the consumer trials a product or makes a purchase decision. Given that many consumers become aware of brands via advertising or marketing communications, the AIDA model helps to explain how an advertisement or marketing communications message

 

 

Question.6. Explain the various methods for evaluating the performance of salespeople?

  1. Graphic rating scales
  2. Ranking
  3. BARS
  4. MBO
  5. Descriptive statements.

 

Answer:Sales managers utilize various methods to measure and evaluate the overall behavior, end results and profitability of sales force. The method used for performance evaluation should be reliable over time and possible to validate to accurately measure what they intend to measure. The method used to evaluate sales force should be standardized throughout the whole organization and its branches. The evaluation method should be practical to apply in a reasonable period of time. The most important feature of performance evaluation

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MIT109 – Software Engineering

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM Master of Science in Information Technology (MSc. IT)
SEMESTER 1
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MIT109 – Software Engineering
BK ID B0808 & B0809
CREDITS 4
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1. What is Object –oriented design? Write any three characteristics of an object-oriented design (OOD).

 

Answer:Object Oriented Design is the concept that forces programmers to plan out their code in order to have a better flowing program. The origins of object oriented design is debated, but the first languages that supported it included Simula and SmallTalk. The term did not become popular until Grady Booch wrote the first paper titled Object-Oriented Design, in 1982.

 

Object Oriented Design is defined as a programming language that has 5 conceptual tools to aid the programmer. These programs are often more readable than non-object oriented programs, and debugging becomes easier with locality.

 

 

 

 

Question. 2. Write a short note on Capability Maturity Model.

 

Answer:The Capability Maturity Model (CMM)[1] is a development model created after study of data collected from organizations that contracted with the U.S. Department of Defense, who funded the research. The term “maturity” relates to the degree of formality and optimization of processes, from ad hoc practices, to formally defined steps, to managed result metrics, to active optimization of the processes.

 

The model’s aim is to improve existing software development processes, but it can also be applied to other processes.

 

Maturity model: A maturity model can be viewed as

 

 

Question. 3. Briefly explain Prototyping Model.

 

Answer:The basic idea here is that instead of freezing the requirements before a design or coding can proceed, a throwaway prototype is built to understand the requirements. This prototype is developed based on the currently known requirements. By using this prototype, the client can get an “actual feel” of the system, since the interactions with prototype can enable the client to better understand the requirements of the desired system.  Prototyping is an attractive idea for complicated and large systems for which there is no manual process or existing system to help determining the requirements.

 

The prototype are usually not complete systems and many of the details are not built in the prototype. The goal is to provide a system with overall functionality.

 

 

 

Question. 4. What are the limitations of the linear sequential model?

 

Answer:Linear Sequential Model/Waterfall Model/Classic Life Cycle : The linear sequential model, sometimes called the classic life cycle or the waterfall model, suggests a systematic, sequential approach to software development that begins at the system level and progresses through communication, planning, modeling, construction and deployment. The following given figure illustrates the linear sequential model for software engineering.

 

 

(i) Communication : This activity involves heavy communication with customers and other stakeholders in order to gather requirements and other related activities.

(ii) Planning : Here a plan to be followed will be created which will describe the technical tasks to be conducted, risks, required resources, work schedule etc.

 

 

Question. 5. What is Verification and Validation? Briefly explain Validation Testing and Validation Test Criteria.

 

Answer:In software project management, software testing, and software engineering, verification and validation (V&V) is the process of checking that a software system meets specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose. It may also be referred to as software quality control. It is normally the responsibility of software testers as part of the software development lifecycle. In simple terms, software verification is: “Assuming we should build X, does our software actually achieve its goals without any bugs or gaps?” On the other hand,

 

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MIT108 – OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM Master of Science in Information Technology (MSc. IT)
SEMESTER 1
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MIT108 – OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
BK ID B1477
CREDITS 4
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1. Write a short note on Java Buzz words.

 

Answer:Following are the features or buzzwords of Java language which made it popular:

 

Simple:

  • Java easy to learn
  • It is easy to write programs using Java
  • Expressiveness is more in Java.
  • Most of the complex or confusing features in C++ are removed in Java like pointers etc..

 

 

 

 

Question. 2. Differentiate Break and Continue statements in Java with example program.

 

Answer:break and continue in Java are two essential keyword beginners needs to familiar while using loops ( for loop, while loop and do while loop). break statement in java is used to break the loop and transfers control to the line immediate outside of loop while continue is used to escape current execution and transfers control back to start of the loop. Both break and continue allows programmer to create sophisticated algorithm and

 

 

Question. 3. Differentiate between packages and Interfaces.

 

Answer:There is a huge difference between packages and interfaces.  A package is a scoping mechanism for classes within a group.  So that the names used for classes in one package do not conflict with the names (even if they are the same) of classes and public methods in another package.

 

Interfaces have nothing to do with scoping… they have to do with having behaviors cross a set of classes outside of an inheritance chain.  Of course, behaviors are shared via inheritance from parent class to child class – but what do you do if you want to share

 

 

Question. 4. What are Applets? What are the restrictions of Applets? Describe about applet class.

 

Answer:A Java applet is a small application which is written in Java or another programming language that compiles to Java bytecode and delivered to users in the form of that bytecode. The user launches the Java applet from a web page, and the applet is then executed within a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) in a process separate from the web browser itself. A Java applet can appear in a frame of the web page, a new application window, Sun’s AppletViewer, or a stand-alone tool for testing applets. Java applets were introduced in the first

 

 

Question. 5. Compare JDBC and ODBC.

 

Answer:ODBC is an open interface which can be used by any application to communicate with any database system, while JDBC is an interface that can be used by Java applications to access databases. Therefore, unlike JDBC, ODBC is language independent. But by using JDBC-to-ODBC bridge Java applications can also talk to any ODBC compliant database.

 

  • Multithread: JDBC is multi-threaded – ODBC is not multi-threaded (at least not thread safe)
  • Flexibility: ODBC is a windows-specific technology – JDBC is specific to Java, and is therefore supported on whatever OS supports Java

 

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MIT107 – DATA & FILE STRUCTURES

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM Master of Science in Information Technology (MSc. IT)
SEMESTER 1
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MIT107 – DATA & FILE STRUCTURES
BK ID B1476
CREDITS 4
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1.Briefly explain any two mathematical functions.

 

Answer:In mathematics, a function or groups of functions are important enough to deserve their own names. This is a listing of articles which explain some of these functions in more detail. There is a large theory of special functions which developed out of statistics and mathematical physics. A modern, abstract point of view contrasts large function spaces, which are infinite-dimensional and within which most functions are ‘anonymous’, with special functions picked out by properties such as symmetry, or relationship to harmonic analysis

 

 

 

Question. 2. Define Queue and explain array implementation of the Queue.

 

Answer:Like Stack, Queue is a linear structure which follows a particular order in which the operations are performed. The order is First In First Out (FIFO).  A good example of queue is any queue of consumers for a resource where the

 

Question. 3. Briefly explain the process of converting the general tree to a binary tree.

 

 

Answer:General trees are those in which the number of subtrees for any node is not required to be 0, 1, or 2. The tree may be highly structured and therefore have 3 subtrees per node in which case it is called a ternary tree. However, it is often the case that the number of subtrees for any node may be variable. Some nodes may have 1 or no subtrees, others may have 3, some 4, or any other combination. The ternary tree is just a special case of a general tree (as is true of the binary tree).

 

 

 

 

Question. 4. Explain the Fixed block storage allocation.

 

Answer:Fixed-size blocks allocation, also called memory pool allocation, uses a free list of fixed-size blocks of memory (often all of the same size). This works well for simple embedded systems where no large objects need to be allocated, but suffers from fragmentation, especially with long memory addresses. However, due to the significantly reduced overhead this method can substantially improve performance for objects that need frequent allocation / de-allocation and is often used in video games.

 

Fixed-size blocks allocation, also called memory pool allocation, uses a free list of fixed-size blocks of memory (often all of the same size). This

 

 

Question. 5. What is the use of external Storage Devices? Explain any one external storage device.

 

Answer:In computing, external storage comprises devices that temporarily store information for transporting from computer to computer. Such devices are not permanently fixed inside a computer.

 

Semiconductor memories are not sufficient to provide the whole storage capacity required in computers. The major limitation in using

 

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MIT106 – Fundamentals of IT& Programming

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL 2016
PROGRAM Master of Science in Information Technology(MSc IT)
SEMESTER 1
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MIT106 – Fundamentals of IT& Programming
BK ID B1475
CREDITS 2
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question.1. Explain functional aspects of following in a computer system:

 

(a) Input devices

 

Answer:In computing, an input device is a peripheral (piece of computer hardware equipment) used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system such as a computer or information appliance. Examples of input devices include keyboards, mouse, scanners, digital cameras and joysticks.

 

Many input devices can be classified according to:

 

 

(b) Output devices

 

Answer:An output device is any piece of computer hardware item which utilizes whatever data and commands from your computer in order to perform a task. This leads to the results of data processing carried out by an information processing system (such as a computer) which converts the electronically generated information into human-readable form.

 

 

Question.2. Briefly explain the characteristics of computers.

 

Answer:The computer is an advanced electronic device that takes raw data as input from the user and processes these data under the control of the set of instructions (called program) and gives the result (output) and saves output for the future use. It can process both numerical and non-numerical (arithmetic and logical) calculations.

 

Question.3. List any five characteristics of an object-oriented design (OOD).

 

Answer:Object-oriented design is the process of planning a system of interacting objects for the purpose of solving a software problem. It is one approach to software design.

 

An object contains encapsulated data and procedures grouped together to represent an entity. The ‘object interface’ defines how the object can be interacted with. An object-oriented program is described by the interaction of these objects.

 

Question.4. What are the five major activities of an operating system in regard to process management?

 

Answer:Even though, not all systems have the same structure many modern operating systems share the same goal of supporting the following types of system components.

 

Process Management: The operating system manages many kinds of activities ranging from user programs to system programs like printer spooler, name servers, file server etc. Each of these activities is encapsulated in a process. A

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