Subject : Business Environment

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AEREN FOUNDATION’S                                                           Maharashtra Govt. Reg. No.: F-11724

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name :Veerthapa                                                                                                                              Marks : 80

Course : Masters in Business Administration (MBA 4 Sem)

Subject : Business Environment

 

Answer the following question.

 

Question.1. What is economic growth? (10 marks)

 

Answer:Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. It is conventionally measured as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product, or real GDP, usually in per capita terms.

 

Growth is usually calculated in real terms – i.e., inflation-adjusted terms – to eliminate the distorting effect of inflation on the price of goods

 

 

 

Question.2. Explain GDP at factor cost? (10 marks)

 

Answer:The GDP at factor cost is also called “net product” or “net value added” method. This method consists of three stages:

 

  • Estimating the gross value of domestic output;
  • Determining the intermediate

 

 

Question.3. Is India sharing a comfortable position with regard to natural resources? (10 marks)

 

Answer:If industrial development is to be sustainable over the long term, it will have to change radically in terms of the quality of that development, particularly in industrialized countries. But this is not to suggest that industrialization has reached a quantitative limit, particularly in developing countries. Even today, according to UNIDO, world industrial output would have to be increased by a factor of 2.6 if consumption of manufactured goods in developing countries were to be raised to current industrial country levels. Given expected

 

 

 

Question.4. Write a note on Air Transport. (10 marks)

 

Answer: Air travel is a form of travel in vehicles such as helicopters, hot air balloons, blimps, gliders, hang gliding, parachuting, airplanes, jets, or anything else that can sustain flight. Use of air travel has greatly increased in recent decades – worldwide it doubled between the mid-1980s and the year 2000.

 

Air travel can be separated into two general classifications: national/domestic and international flights. Flights from one point to another

 

 

Question.5. What is information collection system. (10 marks)

 

Answer:Data collection is the process of gathering and measuring information on targeted variables in an established systematic fashion, which then enables one to answer relevant questions and evaluate outcomes. The data collection component of research is common to all fields of study including physical and social sciences, humanities and business.It help scientists and analysts to collect the main points as gathered information. While methods vary by discipline, the emphasis on ensuring accurate and honest collection remains the same. The goal for all data collection is to capture quality evidence that then translates to

 

 

 

Question.6. What does management transfer involve. (10 marks)

 

Answer:Risk mitigation measures are usually formulated according to one or more of the following major risk options, which are:

 

  • Design a new business process with adequate built-in risk control and containment measures from the start.
  • Periodically re-assess risks that are accepted in ongoing processes as a normal feature of business operations and modify mitigation measures.
  • Transfer risks to an external agency (e.g. an insurance company)
  • Avoid risks altogether (e.g. by closing down a

Question.7. Discuss product diversity. (10 marks)

 

Answer:It is the process of expanding business opportunities through additional market potential of an existing product. Diversification may be achieved by entering into additional markets and/or pricing strategies. Often the product may be improved, altered or changed, or new marketing activities are developed. The planning process includes market research, product adaptation analysis and legal review.

 

 

 

Question.8. Write a note on Warehousing in India (10 marks)

 

Answer:Apart from conventional storing services, warehouses in India now provide value-added services like consolidation and breaking up of cargo, packaging, labelling, bar coding, reverse logistics, etc.

 

The growth in warehousing in India is primarily being driven by the following factors:

 

  • Growing manufacturing activity

 

 

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MC0088- DATA MINING

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER  2016

 

PROGRAM MCA(REVISED FALL 2007)
SEMESTER 6
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MC0088- DATA MINING
BK ID B1009
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question. 1. Differentiate between Data Mining and Data Warehousing.

 

Answer:Data warehousing is about the STORING of analytical data in a structure suitable for data mining.  This analytical data is extracted from the operational systems usually on a daily basis.

 

Data mining is a set of techniques used to search, retrieve and analyze data from a data warehouse (or other data storage mechanism) to answer

 

 

Question. 2. What are the key features of a Data Warehouse? Explain.

 

Answer:Data warehouse can be defined as ‘Structural Repository’ of historic data. It is developed in evolutionary process by integrating the data from non integrated systems like text files, excel sheets, databases(The same is shown in the diagram below.)

 

 

 

 

 

Question. 3. Differentiate between Data Integration and Transformation.

 

Answer:ETL is a type of data integration and involves an architecture that extracts, transforms and then loads data in a target database or file. Other forms of data integration include ELT (Extract, Load and Transform) or ELTL or EII. There is also manual data integration where a user exports a database table and imports it into another database. ETL is most commonly used as a name for a specific type of data integration tool.

 

 

 

Question. 4. Differentiate between database management systems (DBMS) and data mining.

 

Answer:A DBMS (Database Management System) is a complete system used for managing digital databases that allows storage of database content, creation/maintenance of data, search and other functionalities. On the other hand, Data Mining is a field in computer science, which deals with the extraction of previously unknown and interesting information from raw data. Usually, the data used as the input for the Data mining process is stored in databases. Users who are inclined toward statistics use Data Mining. They utilize

 

 

 

Question. 5. Differentiate between K-means and Hierarchical clustering.

 

Answer:There are a number of important differences between k-means and hierarchical clustering, ranging from how the algorithms are implemented to how you can interpret the results.

 

The k-means algorithm is parameterized by the value k, which is the number of clusters that you want to create. As the animation below illustrates, the algorithm begins by creating k centroids. It then iterates between an assign step (where

 

 

 

Question. 6. Differentiate between Web content mining and Web usage mining.

 

Answer:Web mining is a rapid growing research area. It consists of Web usage mining, Web structure mining, and Web content mining. Web usage mining refers to the discovery of user access patterns from Web usage logs. Web structure mining tries to discover useful knowledge from the structure of hyperlinks. Web content mining aims to extract/mine useful information or knowledge from web page contents. This tutorial focuses on Web Content Mining.

 

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MC0087-INTERNETWORKING WITH TCP/IP

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER  2016
PROGRAM MCA(REVISED FALL 2007)
SEMESTER 6
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MC0087-INTERNETWORKING WITH TCP/IP
BK ID B1008
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question. 1. Discuss the functions of the following Layers:

 

  1. a) Transport layer

 

Answer:In computer networking, the transport layer is a conceptual division of methods in the layered architecture of protocols in the network stack in the Internet Protocol Suite and the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI). The protocols of the layer provide host-to-host communication services for applications. It provides services such as connection-oriented data stream support, reliability, flow control, and multiplexing.

 

 

  1. b) Network Interface Layer.

 

Answer:The network interface layer, also commonly referred to as the data link layer or link layer, is the lowest layer in the TCP/IP model. This particular layer has several unique security vulnerabilities that can be exploited by a determined adversary.

 

The network interface layer, commonly

 

 

 

 

Question. 2. Brief the following

 

  1. ISDN

 

Answer:Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a set of communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, video, data, and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network. It was first defined in 1988 in the CCITT red book. Prior to ISDN, the telephone system was viewed as a way to transport voice, with some special services available for data. The

 

 

 

  1. X.25

 

Answer:X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet switched wide area network (WAN) communication. An X.25 WAN consists of packet-switching exchange (PSE) nodes as the networking hardware, and leased lines, plain old telephone service connections, or ISDN connections as physical links. X.25 is a family of protocols that was

 

 

 

Question. 3. What are congestion? Mention two algorithms to overcome congestion.

 

Answer:TCP is the popular transport protocol for best-effort traffic in Internet. However, TCP is not well-suited for many applications such as streaming multimedia, because TCP congestion control algorithms introduce large variations in the congestion window size (and corresponding large variations in the sending rate). Such variability in the sending rate is not acceptable to many multimedia applications. Hence, many multimedia applications are built over UDP and use no congestion control at all. The absence of congestion control in applications built over UDP may lead to congestion collapse on the

 

 

 

Question. 4. Differentiate between permanent and transient host groups.

 

Answer:A host group may be permanent or transient. A permanent group has a well-known, administratively assigned IP address. It is the address, not the membership of the group that is permanent; at any time a permanent group may have any number of members, even zero.

 

 

 

 

Question. 5. What is domain name resolution? Discuss the domain name resolution process.

 

Answer:When using the Internet most people connect to web sites, ftp servers or other Internet servers by connecting to a domain name, as in http://www.bleepingcomputer.com. Internet applications, though, do not communicate via domain names, but rather using IP addresses, such as 192.168.1.1. Therefore when you type a domain name in your program that you wish to connect to, your application must first convert it to an IP address that it will use to connect to.

 

 

 

 

Question. 6. Differentiate between Simple Mail Transfer Protocol and Post Office Protocol.

 

Answer:Almost everyone with a computer and Internet connection has come across the words “SMTP” and “POP.” Although we may not understand them, we see them from time to time especially when a person is using email. These are email jargon we usually dismiss when, in fact, it is altogether important that we know the definitions and distinctions between the two acronyms.

 

SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) and POP (Post Office Protocol) are both standards used for emailing. Simply put, SMTP is used when

 

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MC0086- DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER  2016
PROGRAM MCA(REVISED FALL 2007)
SEMESTER 6
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MC0086- DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
BK ID B1007
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question. 1. Write short notes on:

 

  1. a) Imaging in the Microwave Band

 

Answer:Microwave imaging is a science which has been evolved from older detecting/locating techniques (e.g., radar) in order to evaluate hidden or embedded objects in a structure (or media)using electromagnetic (EM) waves in microwave regime (i.e., ~300 MHz-300 GHz). Microwave imaging techniques can be classified as either quantitative or qualitative. Quantitative imaging techniques (are also known as inverse

 

 

 

  1. b) Imaging in the Radio Band

 

Answer:The production of a visible image of an object by means of radio waves. It is used to study the internal structure of objects that are opaque to waves in the optical region and to observe objects that are located in an optically opaque medium. Since the radio waves usually employed in radio imaging are in the millimeter and

 

 

Question. 2. Explain the properties and uses of electromagnetic spectrum.

 

Answer:The electromagnetic spectrum is the collective term for all known frequencies and their linked wavelengths of the known photons ( electromagnetic radiation ). The “electromagnetic spectrum” of an object has a different meaning, and is instead the characteristic distribution of electromagnetic radiation emitted or absorbed by that particular object.

 

The electromagnetic spectrum extends from

 

 

Question. 3. Differentiate between Monochromatic photography and Color photography

 

Answer:

 

Color film contains several layers, each sensitive to a different color of light (red, green, blue). When exposed to light and developed, these produce magenta, cyan and yellow colors in the negative. The printing process works in a similar way. This is similar to the way digital sensors work, in that there are filters to exclude all but one color of light, so

 

 

 

Question. 4. Define and explain Dilation and Erosion concept.

 

Answer:Morphology is a broad set of image processing operations that process images based on shapes. Morphological operations apply a structuring element to an input image, creating an output image of the same size. In a morphological operation, the value of each pixel in the output image is based on a comparison of the corresponding pixel in the input image with its neighbors. By choosing the size and shape of the neighborhood, you can construct a morphological operation that is sensitive to specific shapes in the input image

 

 

 

Question. 5. What is mean by Image Feature Evaluation? Which are the two quantitative approaches used for the evaluation of image features?

 

Answer:Image Feature Evaluation and Contents-based Image Retrieval In contrast with other studies elsewhere in the literature, here we compare the performance of local descriptors for purposes of contents-based image retrieval. Rather than evaluating the capabilities of the image features to describe the scene subject to affine transformations, we focus on the adequacy of the local descriptors for contentsbased image retrieval

 

 

Question. 6. Explain about the Region Splitting and merging with example.

 

Answer:Splitting and merging attempts to divide an image into uniform regions. The basic representational structure is pyramidal, i.e. a square region of size m by m at one level of a pyramid has 4 sub-regions of size by below it in the pyramid. Usually the algorithm starts from the initial assumption that the entire image is a single region, then computes the homogeneity criterion to see if it is TRUE. If FALSE, then the square region is split into the four smaller regions. This process is then repeated on each of the sub-regions until no further splitting is necessary. These small square regions are then merged if they are similar to give larger irregular regions. The problem (at least from a programming point of view) is that any two Dear students get fully solved assignments

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MBA PROJECTS READY MADE – Project topics on HR

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PROJECT REPORTS / PROJECT SYNOPSIS for HR / Finance / Marketing /Operations for all students from all Indian and foreign universities.  We provide great quality Project Synopsis / Project Reports as per student requirements.

 

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                                            Project topics on HR

 

  1. Stress Management of employees
  2. Recruiting and selection process
  3. Absenteeism
  4. Employee Safety & Measures
  5. Labour Welfare Measures
  6. Employee Welfare
  7. Compensation Management
  8. Employee-Engagement
  9. Key Performance Areas
  10. Knowledge Management
  11. Organisational Behaviour
  12. Organizational Climate
  13. Organisational Development
  14. Organizational Culture
  15. Performance Appraisal
  16. Payroll Management
  17. Quality of Work Life

 

Universities

 

  • JNTU ( Hyderabad (JNTUH),
  • kakinada (JNTUK)
  • Ananthapur (JNTUA)
  • AMITY UNIVERSITY
  • Kakatiya University (KU)
  • Sri Krishnadevaraya University (SKU)
  • Sri Venkateswara University (SVU)
  • Andhra University (AU)
  • ICFAI
  • ISBM
  • SYMBOSIS
  • NIBM
  • PGDHHM
  • Guru Nanak Dev University(GNDU)
  • LOVELY UNIVERSITY(LPU)
  • CHANDIGARH UNIVERSITY(CU)
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
  • Tamil Nadu Open University (TNOU)
  • Sikkim Manipal University (SMU)
  • Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM)

 

 

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MBA PROJECTS READY MADE – Project Topics on Marketing

We are professional service providers for assistance in management studies:

PROJECT REPORTS / PROJECT SYNOPSIS for HR / Finance / Marketing /Operations for all students from all Indian and foreign universities.  We provide great quality Project Synopsis / Project Reports as per student requirements.

 

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Mail us at
studysolutions2001@gmail.com 

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Topics on Marketing

 

  1. A Study On Analysis Of The Customer Satisfaction Level Towards
  2. A Study On Dealers’ Attitude And Consumers’ Preference
  3. Marketing Techniques
  4. Advertisement Management
  5. A Study On The Consumer Perception Of Selected Cars In Particular Region
  6. Brand Awareness
  7. Alternative Channels Of Distribution
  8. Dealer Perception Towards Cement Industry

 

Universities

 

  • JNTU ( Hyderabad (JNTUH),
  • kakinada (JNTUK)
  • Ananthapur (JNTUA)
  • AMITY UNIVERSITY
  • Kakatiya University (KU)
  • Sri Krishnadevaraya University (SKU)
  • Sri Venkateswara University (SVU)
  • Andhra University (AU)
  • ICFAI
  • ISBM
  • SYMBOSIS
  • NIBM
  • PGDHHM
  • Guru Nanak Dev University(GNDU)
  • LOVELY UNIVERSITY(LPU)
  • CHANDIGARH UNIVERSITY(CU)
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
  • Tamil Nadu Open University (TNOU)
  • Sikkim Manipal University (SMU)
  • Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM)

 

 

Best quality projects & assignments at less price. Mail your requirement at

studysolutions2001@gmail.com ,

stuffstudy5@gmail.com or

call us at 9815333456.

 

 

MBA PROJECTS READY MADE – Project Topics on Finance (Banking and Financial Sector)

We are professional service providers for assistance in management studies:

PROJECT REPORTS / PROJECT SYNOPSIS for HR / Finance / Marketing /Operations for all students from all Indian and foreign universities.  We provide great quality Project Synopsis / Project Reports as per student requirements.

 

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studysolutions2001@gmail.com or

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Call at : 98153-33456

 

Topics on Finance

 (Banking and Financial Sector)

 

  1. SEBI and Investor Protection – A study.
  2. A study of Investor Behaviour at Religare Securities
  3. A Study on Investor’s Perception towards Online Trading
  4. Comparative study of India ShriramInsigh with Other Broking Firms
  5. An Analysis of Market Potential for Mutual Funds among retail Investors
  6. Security Analysis and Portfolio Management
  7. Demat Account
  8. Study of Market Potential for Opening of De-Mat Account and Trading Account
  9. Initial Public Offer & Analysis.
  10. Capital Market Reforms
  11. Analysis of Various Investment Products of PMS and Mutual Funds
  12. Working of Stock Exchanges in India – A comparative study of  NSE and BSE
  13. Risk Management in Derivatives
  14. Option Strategies
  15. Derivatives Technical Analysis of Individual Stock Futures
  16. A Case Study on the Investment Pattern in Debt Scheme of Mutual Fund Investments
  17. Equity Analysis on Banking Sector Stocks
  18. Stock Exchanges
  19. Analytical Study of Online Trading Services
  20. Derivatives Market Analysis
  21. Portfolio Management
  22. Performance of Mutual Funds
  23. A study of investment patterns and customer perception towards mutual funds
  24. A Case Study on the investment pattern in debt scheme of mutual fund investments
  25. A report on comparison on selected investment opportunities
  26. A project report on working of Electronic stock exchanges in India.
  27. An analysis Equity analysis of selected stocks by using of MACD,
  28. A Report on arbitrage opportunities in NSE and BSE.
  29. An analysis Risk and returns of selected mutual funds.
  30. A project report on systematic investment plan in selected mutual funds.
  31. A project report on investment in mutual funds investment strategies.
  32. A Report on forecasting of security price using Relative strength Index.
  33. A project report on comparison of SIP, STP and SWP in Mutual funds.
  34. An analysis on hedging strategies by using the index with single stocks.
  35. Project report on equity analysis on macro economic factors on selected security.
  36. A project report on find out hedging strategies by using beta value of security.
  37. Project report on impact micro economic factors in selected securities.
  38. A report on correlation of Indian markets with dollar price.
  39. A project report on NIFTY hedging opportunities.
  40. A project report on   Indian indices reruns.

 

 

 

Universities

 

  • JNTU ( Hyderabad (JNTUH),
  • kakinada (JNTUK)
  • Ananthapur (JNTUA)
  • AMITY UNIVERSITY
  • Kakatiya University (KU)
  • Sri Krishnadevaraya University (SKU)
  • Sri Venkateswara University (SVU)
  • Andhra University (AU)
  • ICFAI
  • Guru Nanak Dev University(GNDU)
  • LOVELY UNIVERSITY(LPU)
  • CHANDIGARH UNIVERSITY(CU)
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
  • Tamil Nadu Open University (TNOU)
  • Sikkim Manipal University (SMU)
  • Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM)

 

 

Best quality projects & assignments at less price. Mail your requirement at

studysolutions2001@gmail.com ,

stuffstudy5@gmail.com or

call us at 9815333456.