MBF 401 PROJECT APPRAISAL, FINANCE AND MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM MBABF
SEMESTER IV
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MBF 401 PROJECT APPRAISAL, FINANCE AND MANAGEMENT
CREDIT 4
BK ID B 1409
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 A. Define capital investment and list the types.

Answer: Funds invested in a firm or enterprise for the purposes of furthering its business objectives. Capital investment may also refer to a firm’s acquisition of capital assets or fixed assets such as manufacturing plants and machinery that is expected to be productive over many years.

Sources of capital investment are manifold, and can include equity investors, banks, financial institutions, venture capital and angel investors. While capital investment is usually earmarked for capital or long-life assets, a portion may also be used for working capital purposes.

 

 

 

 

  1. Explain capital budgeting process

Answer: Capital budgeting is the process that companies use for decision making on capital project. The capital project

 

 

 

 

2 What information is required for preparing the project implementation schedule?

Answer: Before developing such a plan, pause a moment and reflect on what are some of the key questions the plan will have to address:

  • What are the expected benefits to stakeholders?
  • What are the risks?
  • What scale of technological solution do you need?
  • What cooperative services

 

3 a. Discuss the difference between cash flow and accounting profit.

Answer: When it comes to accounting, there are two main methods of determining a firm’s financial health and profitability. One method is to calculate the firm’s accounting profits, otherwise known as net income. Another method is to calculate the firm’s cash flow. The primary difference between these two methods lies in the selection of figures used in the calculations.

 

Cash flow, on the other hand, represents a company’s overall financial health. In order for a business to calculate their cash flow, they must

 

 

 

  1. What is incremental cash flow? Explain in detail.

Answer: The additional operating cash flow that an organization receives from taking on a new project. A positive incremental cash flow means that the company’s cash flow will increase with the acceptance of the project.

 

 

 

 

4 a. Explain the concept of managing risk.

Answer: The identification, analysis, assessment, control, and avoidance, minimization, or elimination of unacceptable risks. An organization may use risk assumption, risk avoidance, risk retention, risk transfer, or any other strategy (or combination of strategies) in proper management of future events.

Credit risk is risk due to uncertainty in a counterparty’s (also called an obligor’s or credit’s) ability to meet its financial obligations. Because there are many types of counterparties—from individuals to sovereign

 

 

  1. Describe the methods used by financial institutions to analyse risk.

Answer: In a project finance transaction a PPP Company would usually be set up by the sponsors solely for the purpose of implementing the PPP project. It will act as borrower under the underlying financing agreements and will be a party to a number of other project-related agreements. Guidance 1

The top-tier funding provided by lenders or capital market investors, usually referred to as “senior debt”, typically forms the

 

 

 

5 a. What are the types of project financing structure?

 

Answer:  Credit Appraisal Process:

Before a credit facility is sanctioned to any borrower firm, the proposal should be rigorously appraised. The appraisal process should involve an in-depth study of the financial, commercial, technical and managerial aspects of the borrower. An assessment of the financial requirement of the borrower should be made in order to arrive at the amount of credit to be considered by the bank. Even though the data supplied by the client is the base data for

 

 

 

  1. Explain about the project appraisal by financial institutions?

Answer: The term loan appraisal and its processing requires careful scrutiny in view of the complexities involved. The essence of the term loan appraisal is to assess the ability of the unit to repay the loan and interest, from the surplus generated by utilizing the fixed assets acquired. For this purpose, the techniques of project appraisal should be employed in all cases irrespective of loan amount or whether it is considered for the purchase on

 

 

6 a. Explain in detail the different forms of project organisation.

Answer: The current types of organizational structure of project management are: functional organizational structure, project-based organizational structure and matrix organizational structure.

 

  1. Functional organizational structure.

Functional organizational structure is to be managed in the current organization hierarchical structure, once the project begins operation, the various components of the project are taken by the functional units, each unit is responsible for its charged

 

 

 

 

  1. Discuss project planning along with life cycle of a project.

Answer: The Project Planning Phase is the second phase in the project life cycle. It involves creating of a set of plans to help guide your team through the execution and closure phases of the project.

 

The plans created during this phase will help you to manage time, cost, quality, change, risk and issues. They will also help you manage staff and external suppliers, to ensure that you deliver the project on time and within budget.

 

 

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Subject : International Trade Management

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National Institute of Business Management

Chennai – 020

FOURTH SEMESTER MBA

Subject : International Trade Management

 

Attend any 4 questions.  Each question carries 25 marks

(Each answer should be of minimum 2 pages / of 300 words)

 

 

  1. 1. Why Incoterms 2000 is needed?

 

Answer: The Incoterms rules or International Commercial Terms are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are widely used in International commercial transactions or procurement processes. A series of three-letter trade terms related to common contractual sales practices, the Incoterms rules are intended primarily to clearly communicate the tasks, costs, and risks associated with the transportation and delivery of goods. The Incoterms rules are

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 2. Stipulate the duties and responsibilities in a contract agreement between a seller and buyer w.r.t, cost, Insurance and Freight for International Trade.

 

Answer:

 

  1. 3. Explain the distinguishing features of foreign trade from domestic trade.

 

Answer: Foreign trade is nothing but trade between the different countries of the world. It is also called as International trade, External trade or Inter-Regional trade. It consists of imports, exports and entrepot. The inflow of goods in a country is called import trade whereas outflow of goods from a country is called export trade. Many times goods are imported for the purpose of re-export after some processing

 

 

 

  1. 4. Write an essay on International Monetary Fund.

 

Answer: The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., in the United States, of 188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world. Formed in 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international

 

 

 

 

  1. 5. What is Foreign Trade policy and what is its impact on Foreign Trade? Explain.

 

Answer: All exports and import-related activities are governed by the Foreign Trade Policy (FTP), which is mainly aimed at enhancing the country’s exports and use trade expansion as an effective instrument of economic growth and employment generation.

 

As part of the FTP strategy of market

 

 

 

 

  1. 6. Explain Foreign Exchange mechanism and Foreign Exchange Risk Management.

 

 

Answer:

 

 

25 x 4=100 marks

 

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Subject : Perspective Management

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National Institute of Business Management

Chennai – 020

FOURTH SEMESTER MBA

Subject : Perspective Management

 

Attend any 4 questions.  Each question carries 25 marks

(Each answer should be of minimum 2 pages / of 300 words)

 

 

  1. 1. Explain the changing role of the supervisor in the development of management?

 

Answer: The traditional role of the supervisor has been to plan, direct, and control the work done by subordinates. Because of delayering, many Federal organizations are moving to team structures as a way of adjusting to higher subordinate/supervisor ratios. In many types of teams that still function as traditional work units (with low levels of employee empowerment in the decision making process), the traditional role of the supervisor still fits. However, in situations where teams are given more authority over how work gets done for instance in semiautonomous or self-directed teams the traditional role of

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 2. Explain Management by Objective at the departmental level.

 

Answer: Management by objectives (MBO), also known as management by results (MBR), is a process of defining objectives within an organization so that management and employees agree to the objectives and understand what they need to do in the organization in order to achieve them. The term “management by objectives” was first popularized by Peter Drucker in his 1954 book The Practice of Management.

 

The essence of MBO is participative goal setting, choosing course of actions and decision making. An important part of the MBO is the

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 3. What is the need for an effective management? Explain.

 

Answer: Over a period of twenty five years Mike and Lesley have learned the importance of effective management. Irrespective of the size of the operation, from just a handful of staff, to running a large organisation, be it business or community based, requires effective management.

 

Mike and Lesley have been involved in managing various successful businesses both for themselves and for others. In addition they

 

 

 

 

  1. 4. A satisfactory strategic plan must be realistic and attainable so as to allow managers and entrepreneurs to think strategically and act operationally? Explain?

 

Answer:

 

 

  1. 5. What are the levels of management?

 

Answer: Management Levels: An Overview

 

Most organizations have three management levels:

 

  • Low-level managers;
  • Middle-level managers; and

 

 

 

  1. 6. Explain Management information system.

 

Answer:

 

 

25 x 4=100 marks

 

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Subject : Information Technology

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National Institute of Business Management

Chennai – 020

FOURTH SEMESTER MBA

Subject : Information Technology

 

Attend any 4 questions.  Each question carries 25 marks

(Each answer should be of minimum 2 pages / of 300 words)

 

 

  1. 1. Discuss the framework based on Information Technology.

 

Answer: The Information Technology Framework provides a high level framework for the effective management of Information Technology (IT) within Local Government.

 

The framework identifies the elements of IT that should be considered as a minimum baseline, in managing systems, networks, devices and data, to ensure that they are secure, protected appropriately from risk, adequately tested and

 

 

 

 

  1. 2. Explain how a management sell its vision for the firms’ global technological infrastructure and resolve inflicts over IT requirements.

 

Answer:

 

  1. 3. How do people interpret Information? Explain.

 

Answer:When we ask two groups why each has a different way of interpreting written material in common, we are presuming groups with similar drifts of experience internally and variant externally (in reference to the other group), and thus as much as compel an answer based on such experiences shared versus not shared.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 4. Describe the strategic issues of Information Technology.

 

Answer:A Strategic Issue is, first of all, an issue – an unresolved question needing a decision or waiting for some clarifying future event. Secondly, it is strategic and has major impact on the course and direction of the business. It probably relates directly to one or more of the fundamental “Three Strategic Questions”:

 

  • What are we going to sell?
  • To whom are we going to sell it?
  • How will we beat or avoid our

 

 

  1. 5. Explain the actions of Management , if IT activities seems to be out of control.

 

Answer:

 

  1. 6. Write an essay on “Information Technology in the Work Place.

 

Answer: Technology in the workplace allows businesses to expand quickly and efficiently. Business technology such as video conferencing, social networks and virtual office technology has removed workplace boundaries that previously limited business expansion. With business technology, companies can target a wider customer base and grow to higher levels.

 

 

 

 

25 x 4=100 marks

 

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Subject : Banking Management

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National Institute of Business Management

Chennai – 020

FOURTH SEMESTER MBA

Subject : Banking Management

 

Attend any 4 questions.  Each question carries 25 marks

(Each answer should be of minimum 2 pages / of 300 words)

 

 

  1. 1.What are the sequence of operations that revolve around the shop level in operational control?

 

Answer: The Sequence of Operation is the organizing narration of the facility’s integrated EMCS functions that will determine the ability of the laboratory to perform in an energy-efficient manner. The importance of describing the function of the laboratory facility’s environmental systems with detailed, comprehensive control strategies cannot be overemphasized. Topics that affect energy efficiency and should be addressed by the sequence of operation control strategies include:

 

 

 

 

  1. 2. Explain Burden Management.

 

Answer: Tax system is an object of various scientific debates. The challenging question for centuries is determination of the optimal level of tax, which ensures possibilities of social development, quality of common welfare, and favorable business development. The effectiveness of tax system is an important factor of creation of national economic potential. Tax system itself in turn is a complicated set of provisions and standards, and economic condition of every country is being influenced by

 

 

  1. 3. Write a detailed account on Multinational Banking.

 

Answer: When one of the 100 largest banking institutions in the world experienced rapid business growth, it was vital that its information technology (IT) infrastructures could grow and evolve along with processing demands.

 

Upgrading its infrastructure to keep pace with growing data processing requirements, the company began to invest in technological advancements to solidify long-term competitiveness.

 

The bank’s modernization plan included a data center remodel to ensure data safety and protection. To meet its goals, the

 

 

 

  1. 4. How are stagnant Accounts and Non performing advances monitored? Explain.

 

Answer:

 

 

  1. 5. Explain the theory of International Banking.

 

Answer: International banking is a key component of the global economy. This module is concerned with understanding the structure, trends and strategies of international banks, together with the most important markets in which they operate. The module covers the evolution, structure and strategic drivers of international banking; international banking markets; the kinds and functions of

 

 

  1. 6. Explain the merits of automation in banking for improving the effectiveness of the banking industry in India.

 

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SUBJECT:- Corporate Law

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INDIAN SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

MANAGEMENT & ADMINISTRATION

 

AN ISO 9001 : 2008 CERTIFIED INSTITUTION

 

 

SUBJECT:- Corporate Law

 

MARKS :80

 

Course : MBA-4 Sem (Masters In Business Administration

Name :

 

 

 

Answer the question in one line.

 

Q1. Is it safe to go in for oral contracts? (10 marks)

 

Answer: : Believe it or not, the old-fashioned “handshake” began as a means for two people to assure one another that neither was carrying a weapon. Over the years, this simple gesture has evolved into a contractual symbol—or a guarantee—for an oral agreement. But in an era of phone-book sized contracts, fine print and legal battles, does time-honored handshake deal still carry any weight?

 

The answer is yes—as long as you can prove it in

 

 

 

Q2. What is FEMA? (10 marks)

 

Answer: The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) is an Act of the Parliament of India “to consolidate and amend the law relating to foreign exchange with the objective of facilitating external trade and payments and for promoting the orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in India”. It was passed in the winter session of Parliament in 1999, replacing the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA). This act makes offences related to foreign exchange civil offenses. It extends to the

 

 

 

Q3. What are powers of the authorized person (10 marks)

 

Answer: An authorised person and a registered person must comply with the Regulationsand Rules applicable to them and must provide to the Authority without delay anyinformation, records or documents that the Authority may require for the purposeof administration of the Capital Market Law and its Implementing Regulations.

 

The governing body and employees of an authorised person and a registeredperson, must comply with any requirement issued by the Authority to

 

 

 

 

Q4. What are powers of RBI to inspect authorized person (10 marks)

Answer: An authorised person that proposes to cease to carry on securities business mustnotify the Authority in writing of the date on which it intends to cease to carrysecurities business and the reasons for the decision:

 

  1. At least 45 days in advance of that date; or
  2. If such advance notice is not

 

 

Q5. What are the essentials of contract (10 marks)

 

Answer: Minimum two parties :- Atleast two parties are needed to enter into a contact. One party has to make an offer and other must accept it. The person who makes the ‘proposal’ or ‘offer’ is called the ‘promisor’ or ‘offeror’. While, the person to whom the offer is made is called the ‘offeree’ and the person who accepts the offer is called the ‘acceptor’.

 

Offer and acceptance :- There must be an ‘offer’ and an ‘acceptance’ to the offer, resulting into an agreement. Both offer and acceptance should be lawful.

 

 

 

Q6. Write the distinguishing points of void agreement and voidable contract (10 marks)

 

Answer: A contract or a document that is void means that everything on it stays nothing can be changed for a said amount of time like when a major corporation sends your a check and you have up to 180 days to cash it, but nothing on that check changes at all within those days. Just like a document that is a contract for a cleaning company for six months with set items to do nothing more and nothing less. If any part of this document of tender changes it is then voided and not any good to the presented and the maker. Now for the

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q7. State which persons are competent to contract (10 marks)

 

Answer: According to section 10 of the Indian Contract Act the parties must be competent to contract.

 

The question who are competent to contract is answered by section 11 of the Indian Contract Act . Section 11 says that every person is competent to contract who is of the age of majority according to the law to which he is subject , and who is of sound mind , and is not disqualified from contracting by any law to which he is subject .

 

Therefore , according to section 11of the Indian Contra

 

 

 

Q8. What do you mean by consent and free consent(10 marks)

 

Answer: CONSENT :-Without the consent of the parties contract cannot take place. Where the parties have different things in mind or understand the same thing in different ways is not real consent. It defines in the following words :

 

“When two or more person agree upon the same thing in the same sense, they are said to be consent.”

 

In above definition two words are more important,

 

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BT0078, Website Design

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PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER THIRD
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT0078, Website Design
CREDIT 2
BK ID B1005
MAX. MARKS 30

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ASSIGNMENT

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Draw and explain the diagram of website development life cycle.

 

Answer: Just like the field of software development, the website development process can be separated into different life-cycle phases. The purpose of a development life-cycle is help align the developers with tasks that need to be done at certain stages, and to work to a set of standards and procedures to help ensure that maximum quality can be achieved. This article looks into each phase of the development life-cycle, however it should be noted that some of these phases can be rearranged to better suit a project, and by no means is this a strict framework that must be followed at all times.

 

The following life-cycle is

 

 

 

  1. 2. Describe the following in context of validating XML documentswith DTDs

 

  1. Concept of data validation

 

Answer: A valid document includes a document type declaration that identifies the DTD the document satisfies. The DTD lists all the elements, attributes, and entities the document uses and the contexts in which it uses them. The DTD may list items the document does not use as well. Validity operates on the principle that everything not permitted is forbidden. Everything in the document must match a declaration in the DTD. If a document has a document type declaration and the document satisfies the DTD that the document type declaration indicates, then the document is said to be valid. If it does not, it is said to be invalid.

 

 

 

  1. Writing document type definition (DTD) files:

 

Answer : While XML is extremely flexible, not all the programs that read particular XML documents are so flexible. Many programs can work with only some XML applications but not others. For example, Adobe Illustrator 10 can read and write Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) files, but you wouldn’t expect it to understand a Platform for Privacy Preferences (P3P) document. And within a particular XML application, it’s often

 

 

  1. Internal and external DTDs:

 

Answer : When you’re first developing a DTD, it’s often useful to keep the DTD and the canonical example document in the same file so you can modify and check them simultaneously. Therefore, the document type declaration may actually contain the DTD between square brackets rather than referencing it at an external URI. Example 3-4 demonstrates. Some document type declarations contain some declarations directly but link in others using a SYSTEM or PUBLIC identifier. The part of the DTD between the brackets is called the

 

 

  1. Validating parsers:

 

Answer : The declarations in the internal subset form part of the DOCTYPE in the document itself. The declarations in the external subset are located in a separate text file. The external subset may be referenced via a public identifier and/or a system identifier. Programs for reading documents may not be required to read the external subset.Note that any valid SGML or XML document that references an external subset in its DTD, or whose body contains references to parsed external entities declared in its DTD (including

 

 

 

  1. The NMTOKEN and NMTOKENS Type:

Answer : The effective value of the attribute can only be a valid name token (or a spaced-separated list of such name tokens), but it is not restricted to a unique identifier within the document; this name may carry supplementary and application-dependent semantics and may require additional naming constraints, but this is out

 

 

 

  1. 3. Define XSL-FO.

Explain the following:

 

  1. Purpose of XSL Formatting Objects (XSL-FO)

 

Answer: Purpose of XSL Formatting Objects (XSL-FO):

 

Answer : XSL Formatting Objects, or XSL-FO, is a markup language for XML document formatting which is most often used to generate PDFs. XSL-FO is part of XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language), a set of W3C technologies designed for the transformation and formatting of XML data. The other parts of XSL are XSLT and XPath. Version 1.1 of XSL-FO was published in 2006.  XSL-FO was discontinued: the last update for the Working Draft was in January 2012, and its Working Group closed in November 2013.

XSL Formatting Objects (XSL-FO) are the second half of the Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL). XSL-FO is an XML application that describes how pages will look when presented to a reader. A style sheet uses the XSL

 

 

 

  1. XSL-FO Documents and XSL-FO Processors:

 

Answer : XML was designed as a portable means to exchange data between different applications; data presentation is often left to the applications themselves. An XML document typically describes data in an orderly manner, with indentation being the only formatting. In this section I take a look at the use of XSL-FO as a specialized XML

 

 

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