MC0084-SOFTWARE PROJECT MANAGEMENT & QUALITY ASSURANCE

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(SPRING 2016) ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM MCA (Revised 2007)
SEMESTER v
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MC0084-SOFTWARE PROJECT MANAGEMENT & QUALITY

ASSURANCE

CREDIT 4
BK ID B0958, B0959
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Differentiate between Matrix Organizational and Networked Organizational Structures.

 

Answer : The Matrix Structure

A matrix structure is the most complex of all designs because it depends upon both vertical and horizontal flows of authority and communication (hence, the term matrix). In contrast, functional and divisional structures depend primarily on vertical flows of authority and communication. A matrix structure can result in higher overhead because it creates more management positions. Other characteristics of a matrix structure that contribute

 

 

 

2 Explain any five project management activities?

 

Answer : The concept of project management originated when the pyramids were built in Cairo, Egypt. A project manager was commissioned to build a final resting place for the pharaoh, according to Reference for Business. In modern times, experts pinpoint five basic phases of project management. During these phases, small company managers assign and participate in various activities. The activities are contingent upon the company’s industry and what it sells, but the planning and execution processes

 

 

3 Explain waterfall and spiral life cycle model.

 

Answer : Waterfall lifecycle model

 

Waterfall model is the most well known software lifecycle development model. It is very simple to understand and use. Each

next phase in this model must beginning only after the previous phase is over.

Waterfall software development model may b

 

 

4 Explain any five software cost estimation methods.

 

Answer :1) Expert Judgment Method

Expert judgment techniques involve consulting with software cost estimation expert or a group of the experts to use their experience and understanding of the proposed project to arrive at an estimate of its cost.

Generally speaking, a group consensus technique, Delphi technique, is the best way to be used. The strengths and weaknesses are

 

 

 

2) Estimating by Analogy

 

Estimating by analogy means comparing the proposed project to previously completed similar project where the project development information id known. Actual data from the completed projects are extrapolated to estimate the proposed project. This method can be used either at system-level or at the component-level.

Estimating by analogy is relatively straightforward. Actually in some respects, it is a systematic form of expert judgment since experts often search for

 

 

 

 

4) Bottom-up Estimating Method

 

Using bottom-up estimating method, the cost of each software components is estimated and then combine the results to arrive at an estimated cost of overall project. It aims at constructing the estimate of a system from the knowledge accumulated about the small software components and their interactions. The leading method using this approach is COCOMO’s detailed model.

The advantages:

 

  • It permits the software group to handle

 

 

 

5)Algorithmic Method

 

General discussion

 

The algorithmic method is designed to provide some mathematical equations to perform software estimation. These mathematical equations are based on research and historical data and use inputs such as Source

 

 

 

 

5 What is Six Sigma? Why is it required? Explain the steps for (IEEE) process improvement.

 

Answer : Six Sigma is a management philosophy developed by Motorola that emphasizes setting extremely high objectives, collecting data, and analyzing results to a fine degree as a way to reduce defects in products and services. The Greek letter sigma is sometimes used to denote variation from a standard. The philosophy behind Six Sigma is that if you measure how many defects are in a process, you can figure out how to systematically eliminate them and get as close to perfection as possible. In order for a company to achieve Six Sigma, it cannot produce more than 3.4 defects per million opportunities, where an

 

 

6 Differentiate between Integration Testing and System Testing.

 

Answer : Integration testing tests integration or interfaces between components, interactions to different parts of the system such as an operating system, file system and hardware or interfaces between systems.

Also after integrating two different

 

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MC0083-OBJECT ORIENTED ANALYSIS & DESIGN USING UML

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(spring 2016) ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM MCA (Revised 2007)
SEMESTER v
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MC0083-OBJECT ORIENTED ANALYSIS & DESIGN USING UML
CREDIT 4
BK ID B0969
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Differentiate between Object and Composite Object

Answer : Objective-C is general-purpose language that is developed on top of C Programming language by adding features of Small Talk programming language making it an object-oriented language. It is primarily used in developing iOS and Mac OS X operating systems as well as its applications.

 

Initially, Objective-C was developed by NeXT for its NeXTSTEP OS from whom it was taken over by Apple for its iOS and Mac OS X.

 

 

 

 

2 What is Inheritance? Explain multiple Inheritance.

Answer : As the name inheritance suggests an object is able to inherit characteristics from another object. In more concrete terms, an object is able to pass on its state and behaviors to its children. For inheritance to work the objects need to have characteristics in common with each other.

 

For example, let’s say we make a class called “Human” that represents our physical characteristics. It’s a generic class that could represent you, me or anyone in the world. Its state keeps track of things like number of legs, number of

 

 

3 What is the use of a Use case diagram? Differentiate the terms Use case and Actor.

Answer : To model a system the most important aspect is to capture the dynamic behaviour. To clarify a bit in details, dynamic behaviour means the behaviour of the system when it is running /operating.

 

So only static behaviour is not sufficient to model a system rather dynamic behaviour is more important than static behaviour. In UML ther

 

 

 

 

 

4 Explain the Booch and Jacobson Methodologies.

 

Answer : The Booch Methodology

 

The Booch software engineering methodology [#!booch!#]   provides an object-oriented development in the analysis and design phases. The analysis phase is split into steps. The first step is to establish the requirements from the customer perspective. This analysis step generates a high-level description of the system’s function and structure. The second step is a domain analysis. The domain analysis is accomplished by defining object classes; their attributes, inheritance, and methods. State diagrams for the objects are then established. The analysis phase is completed with a validation step. The analysis phase iterates

 

 

 

5 Describe the scope of UML? What are the importance of UML process?

Answer : Scope of the UML:

 

The Unified Modeling Language (UML) is a language for specifying, constructing, visualizing, and documenting the artifacts of a software-intensive system.

 

First and foremost, the Unified Modeling Language fuses the concepts of Booch, OMT, and OOSE. The result is a single, common, and widely usable modeling language for users of these and other methods.

 

Secondly, the Unified Modeling Language

 

 

 

6 What are the different types of actions? Explain about Collaborations.

Answer : Different kinds of actions in Struts

 

The different kinds of actions are done by the following:

DispatchAction, ActionDispatcher , LookupDispatchAction.

 

DispatchAction:

 

One of the built-in actions provided by the struts framework. The collection of related functions into a single Action is possible using this action. It allows eliminating the creation of multiple independent actions for each function.

 

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MC0082- THEORY OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

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SPRING 2016 , ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM MCA(REVISED FALL 2007)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MC0082- THEORY OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
SEMESTER 5TH SEM
CREDITS 4
MAX. MARKS 60
BK ID

 

B0970

 

 

 

Answer all questions

 

1 Differentiate between Recursive Functions and growth functions.

 

Answer : What’s a Recursive Function?

 

Technically, a recursive function is a function that makes a call to itself. To prevent infinite recursion, you need an if-else statement (of some sort) where one branch makes a recursive call, and the other branch does not. The branch without a recursive call is usually the base case (base cases do not make recursive calls to the function).

Functions can also be mutually recursive. For example, function f() can call function g() and function g() can call function f(). This is still considered re

 

 

 

  1. Describe direct and indirect proof techniques.

 

Ans : Direct proof :

 

In mathematics and logic, a direct proof is a way of showing the truth or falsehood of a given statement by a straightforward combination of established facts, usually existing lemmas and theorems, without making any further assumptions. In order to directly prove a conditional statement of the form “If p, then q”, it suffices to consider the situations in which the statement p is true. Logical deduction is employed to reason from assumptions to conclusion. The type of logic employed is almost invariably first-order

 

 

 

  1. Discuss about Walks and Paths in Trees

 

Ans :  Walks and Paths in Trees :

 

In the mathematical field of graph theory, a path graph or linear graph is a particularly simple example of a tree, namely a tree with two or more vertices that is not branched at all, that is, contains only vertices of degree 2 and 1. In particular, it has two terminal vertices (vertices that have degree 1), while all others (if any) have degree 2.

A path in a graph is a sequence of vertices such that from each of its vertices there is an edge to the next vertex in the sequence. A path may

 

 

 

  1. What is DFA? Discuss about Transition System.

 

Ans :  DFA :

 

In automata theory, a branch of theoretical computer science, a deterministic finite automaton (DFA)—also known as deterministic finite state machine—is a finite state machine that accepts/rejects finite strings of symbols and only produces a unique computation (or run) of the automaton for each input string.’Deterministic’ refers to the uniqueness of the computation. In search of simplest models to capture the finite state machines, McCulloch and Pitts were among the first researchers to introduce a concept similar to finite automaton in 1943.

The figure on the right illustrates a

 

 

  1. Differentiate between Moore machine and Mealy machine.

 

Ans :  Moore machine :

 

In the theory of computation, a Moore machine is a finite-state machine whose output values are determined solely by its current state. This is in contrast to a Mealy machine, whose output values are determined both by its current state and by the values of its inputs. The Moore machine is named after Edward F. Moore, who presented the concept in a 1956 paper, “Gedanken-experiments on Sequential Machines.

A Moore machine can be defined as a 6-tuple ( S, S0, Σ, Λ, T, G ) consisting of the following:

a finite set of states ( S )

 

 

 

  1. Define context-free grammar. What is an ambiguous grammar? Explain with an example.

 

Ans : Ambiguous grammer :

 

In computer science, an ambiguous grammar is a formal grammar for which there exists a string that can have more than one leftmost derivation, while an unambiguous grammar is a formal grammar for which every valid string has a unique leftmost derivation. Many languages admit both ambiguous and unambiguous grammars, while some languages admit only ambiguous grammars. Any non-empty language admits an ambiguous

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MC0081- .(DOT)NET TECHNOLOGIES

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Assignment

 

DRIVE SPRING 2016
PROGRAM MCA
SEMESTER V
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MC0081- .(DOT)NET TECHNOLOGIES
BK ID B0974
CREDIT & MARKS 4 CREDITS & 60 MARKS

 

1 List and explain the features of .Net platform. What are the benefits of Assemblies in the .NET Framework?

Answer: .NET is the framework for which we develop applications.  It sits in between our application programs and operating system. Applications developed for .NET run inside .NET and are controlled by .NET. It supports both Windows and web applications.

 

Features of .Net platform:

 

Assemblies

 

2 Write short notes on:

  1. a) Web service clients

Answer: This module provides an interface to consume external web services. It focuses on integrating web service operations as Rules actions, but can also be used as data provider for other modules.

 

WS Client comes with a user interface that allows site administrators to create REST and SOAP service descriptions with their respective operations

 

 

 

  1. b) Web service proxies.

Answer: A client and a Web service can communicate using SOAP messages, which encapsulate the input and output parameters as XML. A proxy class maps parameters to XML elements and then sends the SOAP messages over a network. In this way, the proxy class frees you from having to communicate with the Web service at the SOAP level and allows you to invoke Web service methods in any development environment that supports SOAP and

 

 

3 Describe about IIS Request Processing Models and IIS services.

Answer: Worker process isolation mode is the new IIS request processing model. In this application isolation mode, you can group Web applications into application pools, through which you can apply configuration settings to the worker processes that service those applications. An application pool corresponds to one request routing queue within

 

 

 

4 Discuss the following:

  1. a) Forms Authentication

Answer: Forms authentication lets you authenticate users by using your own code and then maintain an authentication token in a cookie or in the page URL. Forms authentication participates in the ASP.NET page life cycle through the Forms Authentication Module class. You can access forms authentication information and capabilities through the Forms Authentication class.

To use forms authentication, you create a login page that collects credentials from the user and that includes code to authenticate the credentials. Typically you configure the application to redirect requests to the login page

 

 

 

  1. b) Windows Authentication

Answer: Authentication is the process of determining the identity of a user based on the user’s credentials. The user’s credentials are usually in the form of user ID and password, which is checked against any credentials’ store such as database. If the credentials provided by the user are valid, then the user is considered an

 

 

 

5 Describe the steps involved in creating classes and objects with the help of a program in C#.

Answer: A class is a construct that enables you to create your own custom types by grouping together variables of other types, methods and events. A class is like a blueprint. It defines the data and behavior of a type. If the class is not declared as static, client code can use it by creating objects or instances which are assigned to a variable. The

 

 

6 Design a simple Window based form application to perform basic arithmetic operations

Answer: Arithmetic operators are used to perform many of the familiar arithmetic operations that involve the calculation of numeric values represented by literals, variables, other expressions, function and property calls, and constants. Also classified

 

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MB 0049 – PROJECT MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2016
PROGRAM MBA/ MBADS/ MBAFLEX/ MBAHCSN3/ PGDBAN2
SEMESTER II
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MB 0049 – PROJECT MANAGEMENT
BK ID B1632
CREDITS&MARKS 4 CREDITS , 60 MARKS

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question.1 Write Short notes on:

  1. PERT model

 

Answer:The program (or project) evaluation and review technique, commonly abbreviated PERT, is a statistical tool, used in project management, which was designed to analyze and represent the tasks involved in completing a given project. First developed by the United States Navy in the 1950s, it is commonly used in conjunction with the

 

 

 

 

  1. CPM model

 

Answer:Cost per impression (CPI), or “Cost per thousand impressions” (CPM), is a term used in traditional advertising media selection, as well as online advertising and marketing related to web traffic. It refers to the cost of traditional advertising or internet marketing or email advertising campaigns, where advertisers pay each time an ad is displayed. CPI is the cost or expense incurred for each potential customer who views the

 

 

 

 

Question.2 Explain Project Life Cycle in detail?

 

Answer:The project manager and project team have one shared goal: to carry out the work of the project for the purpose of meeting the project’s objectives. Every project has a beginning, a middle period during which activities move the project toward completion, and an ending (either successful or unsuccessful). A standard project typically has the following four major phases (each with its own agenda of tasks and issues): initiation, planning, implementation, and closure. Taken together, these phases represent the path a project takes from

 

 

 

 

Question.3 Answer the following questions:

 

  1. Mention the steps involved in a competitive bid.

 

Answer:If you run a small business, you might engage in the bidding process regularly. Whether you are the one accepting the bids or you have to bid on jobs, the basic steps are typically the same. Completing the bidding process in the proper manner could be the difference between getting a bid or looking for work.

 

 

 

  1. Mention the elements/points that must be kept in view when designing , developing and operating a PMIS (Project Management Information System)

 

Answer:His theory, called “Tuckman’s Stages” was based on research he conducted on team dynamics. He believed (as is a common belief today) that these stages are inevitable in order for a team to grow to the point where they are functioning effectively together and delivering high quality results.

 

In 1977, Tuckman, jointly with Mary Ann Jensen, added a fifth stage to the 4 stages: “Adjourning.” The adjourning stage is when the

 

 

 

Question.4. Discuss the major contents of the project’s final report

 

Answer:A Draft Final Report should be as close to the final report as possible – Stage 1 outlines the basic structure. At this stage the Principal Investigator should have had the report proof read, edited and if applicable designed. They should have also sought feedback and if required undertaken peer review.

 

 

 

 

Question.5 Write short notes on

 

  1. Role of risk management in overall project management

 

Answer:Effective risk management strategies allow you to identify your project’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. By planning for unexpected events, you can be ready to respond if they arise. To ensure your project’s success, define how you will handle potential risks so you can identify, mitigate or avoid problems when you need to do. Successful project managers recognize that risk management is important,

 

 

 

Question.6 Explain Earned Value Method (EVM) in detail? How can a project manager manage the Project Schedule if team members don’t accurately report when they are behind?

 

Answer:Earned value management (EVM), or Earned value project/performance management (EVPM) is a project management technique for measuring project performance and progress in an objective manner.

 

Earned value management is a project management technique for measuring project performance and progress. It has the ability to combine measu

 

 

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MB0047 – MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2016
PROGRAM MBA/ MBADS/ MBAFLEX/ MBAHCSN3/ PGDBAN2
SEMESTER II
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MB0047 – MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS
BK ID B1968
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1 What are the differences between data and information? Briefly explain the different types of information systems.

 

Answer:Data are simply facts or figures — bits of information, but not information itself. When data are processed, interpreted, organized, structured or presented so as to make them meaningful or useful, they are called information. Information provides context for data.

 

For example, a list of dates — data — is meaningless without the information that makes the dates relevant (dates of holiday).

 

“Data” and “information” are intricately tied together, whether one is recognizing them as two separate words or using them interchangeably, as is

 

 

 

Question. 2 How to use information system to support competitive strategy? Explain with an example for each strategy

 

Answer:Firms with a competitive advantage over others typically have access to special resources that others do not or are able to use resources more efficiently, resulting in higher revenue growth, profitability, or productivity growth (efficiency), all of which ultimately in the long run translate into higher stock market valuations than their competitors.

 

Michael Porter’s competitive forces model describes five competitive forces that shape the fate of the firm.

 

  1. Traditional competitors: Existing firms that share a firm’s market space

 

  1. New market entrants: New companies have certain advantages, such as not being locked into old equipment and high motivation, as well as disadvantages, such as less expertise and little brand recognition. Some industries

 

 

 

Question. 3 a. Explain First-order and second-order effects

 

Answer:First-order: First-order approximation (also 1st order) is the term scientists use for a further educated guess[clarification needed] at an answer. Some simplifying assumptions are made, and when a number is needed, an answer with only one significant figure is often given (“the town has 4×103 or four thousand residents”).

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Distinguish between hierarchy and matrix organisational structures

 

Answer:A hierarchy is an organisation structured in layers where each person has clear roles and responsibilities. Those at the top of the hierarchy have more authority than those lower down. Just as KBR’s organisational structure is designed to deliver its business goals and strategy, the organisational structure of Aspire Defence Services Ltd (ADSL) is designed to reflect the intended outcomes of the project. The structure is a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question. 4 Briefly explain the Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system. What are the various facilities created by CRM?

 

Answer:Customer relationship management (CRM) is an approach to managing a company’s interaction with current and future customers. The CRM approach tries to analyse data about customers’ history with a company, to improve business relationships with customers, specifically focusing on customer retention, and ultimately to drive sales growth.

 

 

 

Question. 5 Briefly explain the different aspects of the need for database systems.

 

Answer:Organizations use large amounts of data. A database management system (DBMS) is a software tool that makes it possible to organize data in a database.

 

The standard acronym for database

 

 

 

Question. 6 Why privacy is important for individuals in the organisations? Briefly explain. How workplace electronic monitoring is done in the organizations?

 

Answer:Employee monitoring has become a major issue in human resources management. Different types of monitoring are currently being used by employers, including computer monitoring, video surveillance, investigators, undercover operatives, spying, eavesdropping and wiretapping, and electronic mail and voice mail, and active badge systems. Critics argue that such activities may lead to employer abuses, compromised employee privacy, and weakened occupational health and safety. However, business supporters counter that it is the right of employers to control the work environment and employee productivity, increase their

 

 

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MB0046- Marketing Management

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2016
PROGRAM MBADS/ MBAFLEX/ MBAHCSN3/ MBAN2/ PGDBAN2
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MB0046- Marketing Management
BK ID B1629
SEMESTER 2
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme

 

 

Question.1. Explain the constituents of an expanded marketing mix with the help of suitable examples.

 

Answer:The use of a marketing mix is an excellent way to help ensure that ‘putting the right product in the right place,…’ will happen. The marketing mix is a crucial tool to help understand what the product or service can offer and how to plan for a successful product offering. The marketing mix is most commonly executed through the 4 P’s of marketing: Price, Product, Promotion, and Place.

 

The marketing mix is the combination of marketing activities that an organisation engages in so as to best meet the needs of its targeted market. Traditionally the marketing mix consisted of just 4 Ps.

 

For example, a motor vehicle manufacturer like Audi:

 

 

 

Question.2. Describe the scenario building approach of environmental scanning with the help of an example.

 

Answer:Environmental scanning is a useful managerial tool for assessing the environmental trend. The following process is adopted for environmental scanning.

 

Study the forces and Nature of the Environment: In the first step of environmental scanning, the forces of the environment that have got significant bearing in the growth and development of the business should be identified. They may be political,

 

 

 

Question.3. Explain the various characteristics that affect the consumer buying behavior.

 

Answer:Out of 11000 new products introduced by 77 companies, only 56% are present after 5 years. Only 8% of new product concepts offered by 112 leading companies reached the market. Out of that 83% failed to meet marketing objectives. What we need to understand here is why consumers make the purchases that they make, what factors influence consumer purchases and changing factors in our society.

 

 

 

 

Question.4. What are the advantages of Branding? What value does the organization & customers get out of the branding process?

 

Answer:Almost every business has a trading name, from the smallest market trader to the largest multi-national corporation. Only a minority of those businesses however, have what could be classed as a brand.

 

Branding is the process of creating distinctive and durable perceptions in the minds of consumers. A brand is a persistent, unique business identity intertwined with associations of personality, quality, origin, liking and more.

 

 

 

 

Question.5. What do you meant by marketing channel? What are the important functions of marketing channels?

Marketing channel

Important functions of marketing channels

 

Answer:A marketing channel is a set of practices or activities necessary to transfer the ownership of goods from the point of production to the point of consumption. It is the way products and services get to the end-user, the consumer; and is also known as a distribution channel. A marketing channel is a useful tool for management, and is crucial to creating an effective and well-planned marketing strategy.

 

Another less known form of the marketing channel is the Dual Distribution channel. This channel is a less traditional form that allows the manufacturer or

 

 

 

Question.6. Write short notes on:

 

  1. a) Break –even pricing

 

Answer:Break even pricing is the practice of setting a price point at which a business will earn zero profits on a sale. The intention is to use low prices as a tool to gain market share and drive competitors from the marketplace. By doing so, a company may be able to increase its production volumes to such an extent that it can reduce costs and then earn a profit at what had previously been the break even price. Alternatively, once it has driven out competitors, the company can raise its prices sufficiently to earn a profit, but not so high

 

 

 

  1. b) Mark-up pricing

 

 

Answer:Several varieties of markup pricing – also known as cost-plus pricing – exist, but the common thread is that one first calculates the cost of the product, then adds a proportion of it as markup. The amount to be marked up is decided at the discretion of the company. Basically, this approach sets prices that cover the cost of production and provide enough profit margin to the firm to earn its target rate of return.

 

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