Course: OrganisationBehaviour

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NMIMS Global Access

School for Continuing Education (NGA-SCE)

 

 

Course: OrganisationBehaviour

 

 

Assignment Marks: 30

 

Instructions:

All Questions carry equal marks.

All Questions are compulsory

All answers to be explained in not more than 1000 words for question 1 and 2 and for question 3 in not more than 500 words for each subsection. Use relevant examples, illustrations as far as possible.

All answers to be written individually. Discussion and group work is not advisable.

Students are free to refer to any books/reference material/website/internet for attempting their assignments, but are not allowed to copy the matter as it is from the source of reference.

Students should write the assignment in their own words. Copying of assignments from other students is not allowed

 

 

Question. 1. Every individual perceives the world in his/her own way. It is generally seen that everyindividual has its own idea about good/bad, right/wrong. One might find any activity tobe right and other might find it wrong. The decision is based on how one perceives it.Discuss with appropriate examples what perception is and what are the factorsinfluencing the same (Perception) (10 Marks)

 

Answer:Cultural relativism wrongly asserts that every culture has its own particular unmistakable yet similarly legitimate method of recognition, thought, and decision. Social relativism, the inverse of the thought that ethical truth is widespread and objective, battles there is no such thing as outright good and bad. There is just good and bad as indicated by the ethical code of every general public. Inside of a specific culture, a standard of good and

 

 

 

 

Question.2.It is said that leadership has nothing to do with the designation. A person sitting on thetop level does not necessarily demonstrate leadership skills whereas his subordinate canpossess immense leadership skills & qualities. In order to support the statement discussthe qualities / skills required to be a leader (10 Marks)

 

Answer:Leadership is both an examination range and a handy expertise, in regards to the capacity of an individual or association to “lead” or guide different people, groups, or whole associations. Disputable perspectives are available in the writing, among Eastern and Western ways to deal with initiative, furthermore inside of the West, on US versus European methodologies. In US scholarly situations authority is characterized as “a

 

 

 

Question.3.Ananya& Rick work in the same organization and in the same designation. Both havejoined at the same time and have similar work experience. Later Rick came to knowthat he was paid less salary than Ananya, knowing that he started dumping his work onher desk and behaved in a very unpleasant manner with her. The conflict which wasbetween them could be sensed by the entire team. Ananya came to know the reasonfrom one of the Rick’s close associate. She is now thinking about the methods throughwhich she can resolve the conflict.

                                          

  1. What kind of conflict was between Ananya&Rick. Discuss the same withsuitable concepts & reasons. (5 Marks)

 

Answer:In the realm of business, the nearness of contention can be a significant issue that needs quick consideration. In the event that labourers in your little business show up not to be collaborating as helpfully as you might want, take part in some contention determination to cure this issue. By proposing a collection of straightforward methodologies, you can help your labourers in putting these times of contention behind them.

 

Ananya and Rick work in the same association and

 

 

 

  1. How can the conflict be resolved or managed by Ananya. Discuss (5 Marks)

 

Answer:Whenever we interface with someone else, some of our needs and objectives are compatible with theirs and some are incongruent … An irreconcilable situation exists when the activities of one individual endeavoring to amplify his or her needs and advantages, piece, meddle with, harm, or somehow make less compelling the activities of someone else endeavoring to boost his or her needs or advantages.

 

 

 

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Course: Management Theory and Practice

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NMIMS Global Access

School for Continuing Education (NGA-SCE)

 

 

Course: Management Theory and Practice

 

Internal Assignment Applicable for June 2016 Examination

 

Assignment Marks: 30

 

Instructions:

All Questions carry equal marks.

All Questions are compulsory

All answers to be explained in not more than 1000 words for question 1 and 2 and for question 3 in not more than 500 words for each subsection. Use relevant examples, illustrations as far as possible.

All answers to be written individually. Discussion and group work is not advisable.

Students are free to refer to any books/reference material/website/internet for attempting their assignments, but are not allowed to copy the matter as it is from the source of reference.

Students should write the assignment in their own words. Copying of assignments from other students is not allowed

 

 

Question. 1. XYZ Co. is criticized for following “Taylorism” in its organization. You are appointed as aconsultant by the Government to research and suggest improvements. Point out your possiblefindings and suggest measures to improve. (10 marks)

 

 

Answer:Taylorism, is a hypothesis of management that breaks down and blends work processes. Its fundamental target is enhancing monetary proficiency, particularly work efficiency. It was one of the soonest endeavours to apply science to the building of procedures and to management.

 

Its improvement started in the United States with Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 1880s and ’90s inside of the assembling businesses. Its crest of impact came in the 1910s; by the 1920s, it was still compelling however had gone into rivalry and syncretism with restricting or corresponding thoughts.

 

Albeit exploratory management as an unmistakable hypothesis or school of believed was out-dated by the 1930s, a large portion of its subjects are

 

 

 

Question. 2.It is found that your organization is facing the problem of increasing conflicts which highlightsthe conflict between administrative action and cultural values. Discuss this basic conflict andsuggest the measures for improvement. (10 Marks)

 

Answer:To act as morally mindful experts, medical attendants by and by, management, or the educated community need to recognize what morals is, is not, and how morals fits with related areas, for example, ethical quality, religion, office approach, and law.

 

With an end goal to encourage moral appearance in nursing, and to grow analysing moral issues, this paper will briefly delineate profound inceptions of the space of morals, including: the historical backdrop of the enhancement of human social orders and societies, religious and philosophical customs, business, the development of countries, laws and government regulations, proficient codes, groups, families and other mingling

 

 

 

Question. 3.You, as an owner of a medium enterprise, have been following a paternalistic style of leadershipsince the inception of the company. Now that there are new employees in your company, youare finding it difficult to reconcile your attitude and their approach. Now you are consideringthe other leadership styles to be used to solve this problem. In this background answer thefollowing questions.

 

  1. a) Which leadership styles, you think, are relevant for being considered here? And why?(5 marks)

 

Answer:Management style is a pioneer’s style of giving guidance, actualizing plans, and rousing individuals. There are a wide range of management styles that can be displayed by pioneers in the political, business or different fields.

 

Paternalistic: The way a Paternalistic pioneer works is by going about as a father figure by dealing with their subordinates as a parent would. In this style of initiative the pioneer supplies finish sympathy toward his devotees or laborers. Consequently he gets the finish trust and unwaveringness of his kin. Specialists under this style of pioneer are relied upon to end up completely dedicated to what the pioneer accepts and won’t endeavor off and work autonomously. The relationship between these associates and pioneer are to a great degree strong. The specialists are relied upon to stay with an organization for a more drawn out timeframe due to the reliability and trust. Not just do they treat each other like family inside the work drive, yet outside as well. These specialists can go to each other with any issues they have in regards to something in light of the fact that they have faith how say is going to

 

 

 

 

  1. b) Do you think whether there is one best leadership style? If yes, which and justify yourchoice. (5 marks)

 

Answer:Authoritarian: The tyrant initiative style keeps primary accentuation on the qualification of the dictator pioneer and their devotees, these sorts of pioneers make a point to just make a particular expert relationship. Coordinate supervision is the thing that they accept to be entering in keeping up an effective situation and devotee deliver. Tyrant initiative styles regularly take after the vision of those that are in control, and may

 

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Course: Information Systems for Managers

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NMIMS Global Access

School for Continuing Education (NGA-SCE)

 

 

Course: Information Systems for Managers

 

 

Assignment Marks: 30

 

Instructions:

All Questions carry equal marks.

All Questions are compulsory

All answers to be explained in not more than 1000 words for question 1 and 2 and for question 3 in not more than 500 words for each subsection. Use relevant examples, illustrations as far as possible.

All answers to be written individually. Discussion and group work is not advisable.

Students are free to refer to any books/reference material/website/internet for attempting their assignments, but are not allowed to copy the matter as it is from the source of reference.

Students should write the assignment in their own words. Copying of assignments from other students is not allowed

 

 

 

Question. 1. Consider you are the owner of a software company and a Gym chain has approached you todevelop a software for their gyms. From the gym owner’s perspective what are the inputs thatyou will provide to the software developer and what are the steps you undertake to develop thesoftware to ensure its success. Elaborate on the steps in detail. (10 marks)

 

Answer : : The gym industry is growing day by day because most of the people are focusing on their health development. But of course, when we talk about the development of gym business for best results then the primary business necessity is the advancement of gym strategies and adopting latest technological preferences for the development of advanced software. The software developmentis one of the most preferable options for the business success because it enhances the efficiency of business and reduced the time expenditure requirement as well!

 

 

 

 

Question.2.Ranpharma drugs limited is operating in the pharmaceutical industry with a number of drug formulations in the form of tablets, capsules, powder and syrup. These drugs are available to the patients on prescriptions of registered practitioners only. Besides, the company has some over the counter products that are available to any person without prescriptions. The company markets its products through a network of wholesalers, who in turn have their retailer network. The company is finding it difficult to maintain the inventory of the raw materials, stocks that it has at its disposal. The legacy standalone systems make it difficult for the systems of different departments to integrate with the other departments, as a result the systems fail to capture the real market scenario.

 

In order to streamline its operations to achieve efficiency, the company is planning to invest in an ERP system. How would this help the company in achieving its objectives? What are the risks in implementing the same? (10 marks)

 

Answer:Ranpharma tranquilizes restricted will require center and appropriate investigation of the circumstance to reach the best answer for this matter. This will require legitimate arranging and in particular, this will require right basic leadership abilities.

 

Endeavor Resource Planning (ERP), as characterized by Computerworld, is “an arrangement of uses that computerize back and HR offices and help makers handle occupations, for example, request preparing and generation booking.” In more detail, an “ERP framework oversees capacities and exercises as various as the bills of materials, request section, acquiring, creditor liabilities, HR, and stock control, [finance] … a couple of the 60 modules accessible. As required, ERP is likewise ready to impart the information from these procedures to other corporate programming frameworks.”

 

 

 

 

Question.3.Zara is the flagship brand of the Spanish retail group, in Inditex, one of the superstars in the fashion retail industry in the recent years. In2005, Inditex reported 21 percent sales growth to $8.51 billion. That puts Inditex ahead of H&M, the world leading purveyor of cheap-chic apparel, which posted $7.87billion in sales. Zara has more than 1000 stores in 31 countries.

 

The fashion industry is a special industry. The products they deal with are highly perishable, and they are susceptible to seasons- gross margin is meaningless if the product does not sell as planned. For many retailers, 35 to 40 percent of the total merchandise being sold at hefty discount is quite the norm. Zara contributes around 80 percent of group sales by concentrating on three winning formulas on which to base its fresh fashions: short-lead time, lower quantities, and more styles. With an in-house design team based in La

 

 

 

  1. a) Discuss the role of Zara’s SCM system. Suggest how it can be improved. (5 marks)

 

Answer:Zara’s prosperity is all the all the more astonishing in light of the fact that at any rate half of its industrial facilities are in Europe, where ages are commonly higher than those in Asia and Africa. To keep up its snappy stock turnover, nonetheless, the organization should decrease transporting time to a base. The quick design approach additionally helps Zara decrease its introduction to mold blooper. The organization create bunches of attire in such little amounts that regardless of the possibility that it draws out a plan, that nobody will purchase, which happened amid an unseasonably warm harvest time in 2003, it can cut its

 

 

  1. b) Discuss the role of SCM in retail industry as mentioned in the case. (5 marks)

 

Answer:The fashion business is an uncommon industry. The items they manage are very perishable, and they are powerless to seasons-gross edge is negligible if the item does not offer as arranged. For some retailers, 35 to 40 percent of the aggregate stock being sold at powerful rebate is an incredible standard. Zara contributes around 80 percent of gathering deals by focusing on three winning recipes on which to base its fresh fashions: short-lead time, lower amounts, and more styles. With an in-house outline group situated in La Coruna, Spain, and a firmly controlled manufacturing plant and a dissemination system, the organization says it can take an outline from the planning phase to store retire in only two weeks. That gives Zara a

 

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Course: Corporate Social Responsibility

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NMIMS Global Access

School for Continuing Education (NGA-SCE)

 

 

 

Course: Corporate Social Responsibility

 

 

 

Internal Assignment Applicable for December 2015 Examination

 

Assignment Marks: 30

 

Instructions:

 

  • All Questions carry equal marks.
  • All Questions are compulsory
  • All answers to be explained in not more than 1000 words for question 1 and 2 and for question 3in not more than 500 words for each subsection. Use relevant examples, illustrations as far aspossible.
  • All answers to be written individually. Discussion and group work is not advisable.
  • Students are free to refer to any books/reference material/website/internet for attempting theirassignments, but are not allowed to copy the matter as it is from the source of reference.
  • Students should write the assignment in their own words. Copying of assignments from otherstudents is not allowed.

 

 

 

Question. 1. You are a CSR head of the company which manufactures tyres for vehicles. Whichvoluntary codes of CSR will you get for the organization? Explain at least fivevoluntary codes with reasons.

 

Answer:Voluntary codes work best when they create gauges that can be observed, when they are grasped by organizations willing to research partner claims of infringement, and when partners can influence the purchaser advertises for organizations independent of the presence of the codes. In this way, unexpectedly enough, the codes are only a method through which partner power is most viably attested—by influencing customer advertises. For advocates of free market globalization, this works extremely very much in reality, regardless of the possibility that it is uncomfortable for the influenced organizations; that is just business.

 

 

 

Question.2. Select any listed Indian or International Public Limited Company and classify its CSRactivities on triple bottom line approach basis.

 

Answer:Godrej and the Confederation of Indian Industry in the organization with the Andhra Pradesh Government imagined the CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Center. The Green Business Center is the main working on the planet to get the Platinum LEED honor, making it a standout amongst the most naturally propelled structures on the planet.

 

The Green Building is an image of Environmental Sustainability. For Environmental Sustainability, one needs to adjust an all-encompassing approach whilst developing a building furthermore guarantees that this approach is coordinated in its consequent operation. Additionally, of ideal significance is

 

Well-being amid Construction and post Occupancy:A Green building and a customary building would outwardly not look altogether different, but rather the distinction truly lies in the plan, the development and operational viewpoints.

 

A Green Building keeps Environmental worries in

 

 

 

Question.3. Assume you are the CEO of a company which manufactures mobile in India.

 

 

  1. a) What CSR activities you will do that will benefit the workers in the factory. Elaborateon your answer with at least three activities.

 

Answer: Answer: Interest in new mobile factory can empower makers to screen a few “gentler” manageability pointers, for example, labourer fulfilment, solace, and demeanours, in a way that can be credited back to efficiency, maintenance, and in the long run money related advantage for all.

 

  1. Give your representatives a chance to partake. While it is essential that the organization shows its dedication by supporting occasions and composing enormous checks, giving representatives a chance to encounter the dedication first-

 

 

 

 

  1. b) What are the various types of CSR activities you will undertake for Customers andSociety at large? Elaborate your answer with at least two activities for each stakeholder.

 

Answer:Types of corporate social responsibility: CSR can include a wide assortment of strategies, from giving charitable associations a parcel of an organization’s returns, to give without end an item or administration to a commendable beneficiary for each deal made. Here are a couple of the general classifications of social responsibility that organizations are rehearsing:

 

Environment:One essential centre of corporate

 

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Course: Business Economics

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NMIMS Global Access

School for Continuing Education (NGA-SCE)

 

 

Course: Business Economics

 

Internal Assignment Applicable for June 2016 Examination

 

 

Assignment Marks: 30

 

Instructions:

 

  • All Questions carry equal marks.
  • All Questions are compulsory
  • All answers to be explained in not more than 1000 words for question 1 and 2 and for question 3in not more than 500 words for each subsection. Use relevant examples, illustrations as far aspossible.
  • All answers to be written individually. Discussion and group work is not advisable.
  • Students are free to refer to any books/reference material/website/internet for attempting theirassignments, but are not allowed to copy the matter as it is from the source of reference.
  • Students should write the assignment in their own words. Copying of assignments from otherstudents is not allowed.

 

 

 

Question. 1. Long run cost structure of a firm is influenced by many factors, some of which are beyond the control of a manager of firm. Discuss why the long run average cost curve is U-shaped by bringing about the importance of scale economies and diseconomies. (10 Marks)

 

Answer:The curve on the left is an association’s short-run normal aggregate cost curve. The one on the privilege speaks to an association’s for quite some time run normal aggregate cost curve. See the distinction?

 

I didn’t think so. The state of a regular company’s short-run and long-run ATC curves might be indistinguishable. Be that as it may, there are some essential contrasts to comprehend about the short-run costs and long-run costs confronted by firms.

 

The Short-Run: In microeconomics, we characterize the short-keep running as the timeframe over which a company’s plant size is altered. The main variable asset is work and crude materials, implying that when request increments for a company’s item, the firm can build representative work hours, employ more specialists and utilize existing capital all the more seriously, yet it doesn’t have sufficient energy to gain new capital or grow

 

 

 

 

Question.2. Perfect competition and monopoly are two extremes of market structure. Evaluate the statement by analyzing contrasting features and equilibrium price and quantity determination process under these two types of market. Illustrate your discussion with the help of real world examples. (10 Marks)

 

Answer:Monopolies, rather than flawlessly focused markets, have high obstructions to passage and a solitary maker that goes about as a value creator.

 

Key Points

 

  • In an impeccably aggressive market, there are numerous makers and shoppers, no hindrances to exit and passage into the market, consummately homogenous products, immaculate data, and very much characterized property rights.
  • Perfectly aggressive makers are value takers that can pick the amount to deliver, however not the cost at which they can offer their yield.
  • A restraining infrastructure exists when there is stand out maker and numerous buyers.
  • Monopolies are portrayed by an absence of financial rivalry to deliver the great or benefit and an absence of suitable substitute

 

 

 

 

Question.3. a). Other things remaining the same, what would happen to the supply of a commodity if the following changes occur? Illustrate your answers with the help of diagram. (5 marks)

 

  1. The price of commodity decreases.
  2. A technological breakthrough helps in producing a commodity at a cheaper cost.
  3. Price of inputs to produce that commodity increases.
  4. Price of substitute increases.
  5. Manager of the product expects the price of that product to rise in future.

 

Answer:Demand Shifts: Demand Shiftscan be brought on by a wide assortment of components, yet to a great extent rotate around drivers of customer conduct and circumstances. Request moves can in this manner frequently be influenced by financial variables, for example, normal spending control per individual in a given economy or general normal pay. Request can likewise be influenced by social changes, demographic moves, accessibility of substitutes, ecological components and concerns (e.g. environmental change), legislative issues, and advances in science (e.g. declining interest for unfortunate sustenances

 

 

 

 

3.b. For the following situations, calculate elasticity of demand and comment on the answer.(5 marks)

 

Answer:Concept Of Elasticity of interest Alfred Marshall presented the idea of flexibility in 1890 to quantify the extent of rate change in the amount requested of a thing to a specific rate change in its cost or the wage of the purchaser or in the costs of related merchandise .In this area, we take a gander at the affectability of interest for an item to a change in the item’s own particular price.Since Price Elasticity of Demand is dominatingly utilized as a part of financial examination it is then again alluded to as Elasticity of Demand.

 

Definition: Price Elasticity of interest is the level of

 

 

 

  1. When the price of commodity X was Rs. 12/-, 40 units it were demanded. When the price decreased to Rs. 6/-, 50 unit are demanded. Find price elasticity of demand and comment on the answer.

 

Answer:  E.D =  X

Old price = Rs.12    Old demand = 40 Units

New Price= Rs.

 

 

 

 

  1. When the income of a consumer was Rs. 24,000/-, he was demanding 20 units of a commodity. Now his income has gone up to Rs. 28,000/- and the demand for the same product has gone down to 15 units. Calculate income elasticity of demand and comment on the answer.

 

Answer: Answer-

 

X  = Income Elasticity

 

 

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Course: Business Communication & Etiquettes

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NMIMS Global Access

School for Continuing Education (NGA-SCE)

 

 

Course: Business Communication & Etiquettes

 

Internal Assignment Applicable for June 2016 Examination

 

Assignment Marks: 30

 

Instructions:

 

  • All Questions carry equal marks.
  • All Questions are compulsory
  • All answers to be explained in not more than 1000 words for question 1 and 2 and for question 3in not more than 500 words for each subsection. Use relevant examples, illustrations as far aspossible.
  • All answers to be written individually. Discussion and group work is not advisable.
  • Students are free to refer to any books/reference material/website/internet for attempting theirassignments, but are not allowed to copy the matter as it is from the source of reference.
  • Students should write the assignment in their own words. Copying of assignments from otherstudents is not allowed.

 

 

 

Question. 1. There are certain legal responsibilities to be kept in mind while writing any businessdocument. Please write some handy tips about care to be taken regarding the legalresponsibilities for Mr.Yovanna as he is the new head of the center for a training institutein the city. (10 Marks)

 

Answer:If written properly with the proper guidelines then it will become easy for Mr.Yovanna to understand legal responsibilities for Mr.Yovanna as he is the new head of the center for a training institute in the city.Mr.Yovannashould focus on better understanding of the legal procedures and responsibilities that will help him to understand the training institutional requirement efficiently. There are numerous legal responsibilities that needto be kept in mind while writing any important business document.

 

Going into a contractual business association with another gathering is a genuine errand and ought to just be gone into in the wake of giving genuine considered the relationship you need. Try not to fall into the trap of going into understandings

 

 

 

 

Question.2. Rakesh is preparing for a presentation in his college about his experience of participatingin an international conference. Give him some tips for making his presentation effectiveand help him with some examples for explaining the effects of wrong body language(10 Marks)

 

Answer:Rakesh should focus on effective, attractive and factual presentation for his collage. When he describes his experience then he should describe it interestingly so that it could be the reason of interest development in reader’s mind. Participating in an international conference is really very big opportunity and if you have been lucky enough to avail this opportunity then you should describe it with creativity and attractiveness.

 

Making presentation effective

 

  1. Arrange an Interesting, Well-Organized Presentation: If given a decision of the point, attempt to pick a subject you know well and are alright with. The exemplary authoritative structure for a presentation is to advise your gathering of people what you plan to let them know, then really let them know, then outline by letting them know what

 

 

 

 

Question.3. Read the case study carefully and answer the questions.

 

Facts: – Girija is a newly joined campus recruit in the sales department of an multinationalcompany. Girija’s boss asked her to develop a persuasive message for attending apresentation about the newly acquired sales projects to the office staff. She has no previousexperience of writing such message to real audience.

 

 

a)Help Girija with three-steps writing process for developing a persuasive message.(5 Marks)

 

Answer:Girija is a recently joined grounds select in the business division of a multinational organization. Girija’s supervisor is requesting that her build up an enticing message for going to a presentation about the recently obtained deals undertakings to the workplace staff. She has no past experience of composing such message to genuine group of onlookers.

 

The current business world is driven by quick paced correspondence, so exact and exact composition has never been more vital. At the point when making any frame bankrupt written work, it is pivotal to comprehend the essential three-stage composing handles. Taking an ideal opportunity to figure out how to appropriately (1) plan, (2) compose, and (3) finish every bit of business composing you create can radically enhance your written work expertise

 

 

 

b)How can Girija make her request clear and positive in the letter ? (5 Marks)

 

Answer:Email Assignment: Your manager has gotten numerous objections from representatives in regards to the quality and substance of worker email messages. These protests are developing, with results running from lost efficiency because of misty messages, to strained business connections because of improper tone. Since email is a “data innovation” and you are Director of IT, it is your obligation to address this issue.

 

Negative News Memo: First, through your

 

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SUBJECT :MARKETING FINANCE MANAGEMENT

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AEREN FOUNDATION’S                                                                 Maharashtra Govt. Reg. No.: F-11724

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Marks: 80

 

 

SUBJECT :MARKETING FINANCE MANAGEMENT

 

N.B. : All questions are compulsory

 

 

 

Question.1. Define the different types of scheme’s floated by mutual fund’s briefly.

 

Answer: The Mutual Funds usually invest their funds in equities, bonds, debentures, call money etc., depending on the objectives and terms of scheme floated by MF. Now a days there are MF which even invest in gold or other asset classes.

 

What is NAV? Define NAV: NAV means Net Asset Value. The investments made by a Mutual Fund are marked to market on daily basis. In other words, we can say that current market value of such investments is calculated on daily basis. NAV is arrived at after deducting all liabilities (except unit capital) of the fund from the realisable value of all assets and dividing by number of units outstanding. Therefore, NAV on a particular day

 

 

 

 

Question.2. Analyse the trend in different call rates in India.

 

Answer: The Reserve Bank of India left its benchmark repo rate at 6.75 percent during the meeting held on February 2nd, as expected. While awaiting further data on inflation, policymakers said they would stay accommodative but look forward to the government’s budget statement at the end of February. The central bank also decided to keep the cash reserve at 4.0 percent, to provide liquidity under overnight repos at 0.25 percent and to maintain daily variable rate repos and reverse repos to smooth liquidity. Interest Rate in India averaged 6.71

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question.3. Comment on the following statements.

 

Question.A) Public Deposits are short term substitute for Money.

 

Answer: Public Deposits: The deposits that are raised by enterprises directly from the public are called as public deposits. The Rates of interest obtained on public deposits are comparatively higher than that obtained from the bank deposits. A person can fill up a prescribed form of the organization and deposit the money on to it. The organization would in return issue an acknowledgement in the form of a deposit receipt. It is only Public deposits take care of both medium and short-term financial requirements of a business. These deposits

 

 

 

Question.b) Public Deposits are addition to savings.

 

Answer: The insurance coverage of public unit accounts depends upon the type of deposit and the location of the insured depository institution. All time and savings deposits owned by a public unit and held by the public unit’s official custodian in an insured depository institution within the State in which the public unit is located are added together and insured up to $250,000. Separately, all demand deposits owned by a public unit and held by the public unit’s official custodian in an insured depository institution within the State in which the public unit is located are added together and insured up to $250,000. For the purpose of these rules,

 

 

 

 

Question.c) Direct acceptance of Deposits by companies pose threat to the working of credit policy in theeconomy.

 

Answer: The Lessors

 

  1. Specialised Leasing Companies: There are approximately 400 big companies with an organisational focus on leasing, and therefore, called as leasing companies.
  2. Banks and Bank-subsidiaries: In February 1994, the RBI allowed banks to directly enter leasing. Till then, only bank subsidiaries were allowed to engage in leasing operations, which was regarded by the RBI as a non-banking activity.
  3. Specialised Financial Institutions: A number of

 

 

 

Question.d) The entries in the public deposit raises the debt/equity ratio of the companies.

 

Answer: An official custodian is an officer, employee, or agent of a public unit having official custody of public funds and lawfully depositing the funds in an insured institution. In order to qualify as an official custodian, a person must have plenary authority – including control – over the funds. Control of public funds includes possession as well as the authority to establish accounts in insured depository institutions and to make deposits, withdrawals and disbursements.

 

Deposit insurance coverage cannot be increased by dividing

 

 

Question.4. Write a brief note on discounting service and its importance in money market.

 

Answer: As money became a commodity, the money market became a component of the financial markets for assets involved in short-term borrowing, lending, buying and selling with original maturities of one year or less. Trading in money markets is done over the counter and is wholesale.  There are several money market instruments, including treasury bills, commercial paper, bankers’ acceptances, deposits, certificates of deposit, bills of exchange, repurchase agreements, federal funds, and short-lived mortgage-, and asset-backed securities. The instruments bear differing maturities, currencies, credit risks, and structure and thus may be used to distribute exposure.  Money markets, which provide liquidity for the global

 

 

 

 

 

Question.5. The good absorptive capacity to government securities market has increased due to thedisproportionate support by the RBI. Justify.

 

Answer: In response to the macroeconomic crisis, a programme of stabilisation and structural adjustment was initiated in July 1991, with wide ranging reform measures encompassing the areas of trade, exchange rate management, industry, public finance and the financial sector. Fiscal correction, exchange rate adjustment, monetary targets and inflation controls constituted the immediate measures for macroeconomic stability.

 

These measures were supported by structural reforms in the form of industrial deregulation, liberalisation of foreign direct investment, trade liberalisation, overhauling of public enterprises and financial sector reforms. Apart from aiming at restoring the economic stability on both domestic and external fronts, the economic reform programme

 

 

 

 

Question.6. Give a brief note on different types of options and highlight the various services provided bythem.

 

Answer: In finance, an option is a contract which gives the buyer (the owner or holder of the option) the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or instrument at a specified strike price on or before a specified date, depending on the form of the option. The strike price may be set by reference to the spot price (market price) of the underlying security or commodity on the day an option is taken out, or it may be fixed at a discount or at a premium. The seller has the corresponding obligation to fulfill the transaction – to sell or buy – if the buyer (owner) “exercises” the option. An option that conveys to the owner the

 

 

 

 

 

Question.7. What are the drawbacks of foreign capital inflow.

 

Answer: Capital inflows from Multi National Companies (MNCs) primarily refer to inward investment from MNC into European economies.

 

The effect of these capital inflows involves increased levels of Investment. MNCs inject investment into the economy. This causes several benefits for the economy.

 

  1. Increased Aggregate Demand: As a component of AD, higher Investment will boost AD, causing improved economic growth. This should lead to

 

 

 

Question.8. What is the relationship between short term and long term interest rates.

 

Answer: You can think of interest as the price for renting money, whether you are borrowing it or loaning it. When you put your money into a savings account, the bank pays you interest for the use of your money. When you take out a mortgage to buy a house, you pay interest to the mortgage company to use its money. The amount of interest charged or earned depends in part on whether the loan is long-term or short-term.

 

Term: When it comes to interest rates, short-term and long-term are ambiguous phrases. Different financial experts and organizations define the terms differently. For example, the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association considers bonds with

 

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